A Post-marketing Drug Intensive Monitoring Study of Compound Sodium Picosulfate Granules for Bowel Preparation in Chinese Population

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Ferring Pharmaceuticals
Updated on 2 February 2023


High-quality bowel preparation plays an important role in ensuring a safe and successful X-ray examination, endoscopy or some kinds of bowel surgeries. Inadequate bowel preparation may lead to incomplete examination of the colonic mucosa, may require increased operation time and difficulty, and incur the costs for rescheduling or performing other examinations. Early attention to the influencing factors of bowel cleansing effect and taking positive measures can effectively improve the success rate and diagnosis rate of endoscopic and radiological examinations, and reduce the possibility of postoperative complications and local infections. In 2019, China released the latest "Guidelines for Bowel Preparation Related to Digestive Endoscopy", emphasizing the importance of dietary restrictions and patient notification and education. The "Guideline" also recommends that sodium picosulfate, magnesium oxide, and anhydrous citric acid can be used for bowel preparation before endoscopy and is well tolerated (recommended strength: weak; evidence quality: moderate). The other used colonic cleansing agents also include polyethylene glycol (PEG) electrolyte powder, magnesium salt, sodium phosphate, mannitol and Chinese herbal medicine. Each carries its own properties, indications and safety profiles.

Compound Sodium Picosulfate Granules is a compounded preparation consisting of sodium picosulfate and magnesium citrate. Each sachet contains 10 mg of sodium picosulfate, 3.5 g of magnesium oxide and 12.0 g of citric acid. It is white to slightly yellow crystalline powder, with a slight orange flavour. Sodium picosulfate is transformed by colonic bacteria to form an active metabolite: bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-pyridyl-2-methane, Bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-pyridyl-2-methane (BHPM), which acts directly on the colonic mucosa to stimulate colonic peristalsis. Magnesium oxide and citric acid react to create magnesium citrate (when dispersed in a solution), which is an osmotic agent that causes water to be retained within the gastrointestinal tract. The stimulant laxative activity of sodium picosulfate together with the osmotic laxative activity of magnesium citrate produces a purgative effect, which can be used to clean the bowel prior to X-ray examination, endoscopy or bowel surgery.

Since its first marketing in the United Kingdom (UK) in December 1980, Compound Sodium Picosulfate Granules has been approved in more than 80 countries and regions, including Germany (2010), France (2010), Spain (2011), Italy (2011) and the United States (2012), Japan (2016), under the tradename PICOLAX, PICOPREP or PREPOPIK. In 2018, Compound Sodium Picosulfate Granules was officially approved in China with the indication: for preparation of bowel cleansing prior to X-ray examination, endoscopy or surgery when judged clinically necessary.

Condition Bowel Cleansing
Treatment No intervention
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04852120
SponsorFerring Pharmaceuticals
Last Modified on2 February 2023

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