Quadratus Lumborum Block Versus Transversus Abdominis Block

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    6
  • participants needed
    75
  • sponsor
    University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
Updated on 8 November 2021
anesthesia
analgesia
postoperative pain
opioid
propofol
remifentanil
levobupivacaine
pain relieving

Summary

The advent of laparotomy replacement by minimally invasive techniques brought the obvious benefit of postoperative pain reduction. The application of transversus abdominis block has already demonstrated to reduce postoperative pain in laparoscopic hysterectomy. The comparison between it and quadratus lumborum block in cesarean sections showed that the latter was superior in relation to postoperative analgesia. The aim of this trial is to compare postoperative analgesia in patients receiving one or the other of these regional anesthesia techniques to prevent postoperative pain in gynecological laparoscopic surgeries. The recruited sample will be randomly distributed in three groups to receive placebo, transverse abdominal plan block or quadratus lumborum block, in a covert way for the patients and team. The primary outcome evaluated will be the postoperative consumption of opioid and the secondary outcome will be the evaluation of postoperative pain scores.

Description

: the sample will be divided into three groups and all participants will receive general anesthesia. Patients in the placebo group (PG) will be referred to the post-anesthesia recovery room after extubation and adequate hemodynamic and respiratory recovery. Patients in the tap block group (TBG) will receive 0.2 ml of 0.25% levobupivacaine between the transverse and oblique internal muscles guided by ultrasound (US), on one side and after the other (the same dose), after the end of surgery. Patients in the quadratus lumborum group (LQG) will receive 0.2 ml/kg of 0.25% levobupivacaine inside the middle layer of the thoracolumbar fascia guided by US, on one side and after the other (the same dose), after the end of the surgery. In all participants, the monitoring will include cardioscope, oximetry, non-invasive blood pressure and monitor of hypnoses level. After peripheral venous puncture, antibiotic prophylaxis with 2g cefazolin, and pre-anesthetic medication with midazolam 0.05 mg/kg. After 5 min pre-oxygenation, the patients will receive venous anesthetic induction with 2% lidocaine 1mg/kg without vasoconstrictor; fentanyl 4 /kg; propofol 2 mg/kg, or even adequate hypnosis guided by proper monitor; cisatracurium 0.15mg/kg, with tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation after anesthetic plan confirmed with proper monitor and adequate muscle relaxation. Anesthesia will be maintained with propofol in continuous infusion guided by hypnoses monitor and remifentanil in continuous infusion between 0.1 and 0.5 g/kg/min, according to patient need. All study participants will receive ondansetron 8 mg, dipyrone 2 g, ketoprofen 100 mg, dexamethasone 10 mg and morphine 3 mg. At the end of the surgery, after partial recovery from neuromuscular blockade, patients will receive atropine 0.01 mg/kg and neostigmine: 0.02mg/kg before tracheal extubation.

Details
Condition Post-Surgical Pain, Pain, post-op pain, Pain (Pediatric), post-operative pain, Postoperative pain
Treatment General anesthesia, Quadratus lumborum block, Transverse abdominal block
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04367233
SponsorUniversity of Sao Paulo General Hospital
Last Modified on8 November 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Scheduled to gynecological video laparoscopy

Exclusion Criteria

Allergy to any component of the study protocol, coagulopathies
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