Jackson Pediatric Acupressure for Opioid Tapering

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Updated on 15 June 2022

Summary

This intervention pilot feasibility study will assess the impact of auricular acupressure as an additional non-pharmacologic therapy for infants at risk for developing Iatrogenic Withdrawal Syndrome (IWS) in the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (PCICU) of Monroe Carrell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt (MCJCHV). The investigators will recruit 40 healthy, 34 weeks gestational age or older infants exposed to prolonged medications (greater than 5 days) for cardiac procedures that may cause withdrawal upon cessation such as opioids, benzodiazepines, or other sedative medications. Participants will receive the auricular acupressure in addition to the standard of care such as clustered nursing care, touch, position change, environmental controls, holding, and swaddling.

Description

This intervention pilot feasibility study will assess the impact of auricular acupressure as an additional non-pharmacologic therapy for infants at risk for developing Iatrogenic Withdrawal Syndrome (IWS) in the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (PCICU) of Monroe Carrell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt (MCJCHV). The investigators will recruit 40 healthy, 34 weeks gestational age or older infants exposed to prolonged medications (greater than 5 days) for cardiac procedures that may cause withdrawal upon cessation such as opioids, benzodiazepines, or other sedative medications. Participants will receive the auricular acupressure in addition to the standard of care such as clustered nursing care, touch, position change, environmental controls, holding, and swaddling. Within 24 hours of implementing a weaning protocol, acupressure will be applied to three designated points of one ear following the NADA protocol acupuncture technique while also incorporating the Near-Term Infant (NTI) conceptual framework identified elements (see figure 3). Acupressure will be administered via stickers that are adhesive to the skin like a Band-Aid (see figure 1). These stickers include a vaccaria plant seed in the center that applies continuous light pressure on the designated points. This form of acupressure was selected as it is organic and does not contain metal which may interfere with emergency medical care such as imaging. After the initial 24 hours of application, stickers will be removed, the infant's skin will be assessed for any disruption such as bruising or discoloration, and the stickers will be rotated to the infant's other ear at the same NADA protocol auricular sites. Acupressure stickers will be removed and applied to the opposite ear every 48 hours until withdrawal symptoms improve (1). Withdrawal symptoms are measured every 6 hours with the enhanced Withdrawal Assessment tool (WAT) as part of the standard of care. Upon completion of the weaning regimen, infants with a score of less than or equal to 3 or less than 2 above baseline with no more than 2 rescue medication doses in 24 hours will have the acupressure removed.

Details
Condition Iatrogenic Withdrawal Syndrome
Treatment Acupressure
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05025384
SponsorVanderbilt University Medical Center
Last Modified on15 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Infants, 34 weeks or greater gestation
Exposure to opioids and/or benzodiazepine medications for 5 days or more
Beginning a stable wean
Maternal age of 18 or older

Exclusion Criteria

Hemodynamic instability
Transfer to another facility prior to completion of the weaning regimen
Death
Clear my responses

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