Management of Popeye Sign With Botulinum Toxin After Bicepstenotomy

  • End date
    Dec 30, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    AZ Delta
Updated on 30 October 2021


Double-blinded randomized controlled trial with 20 people of whom 10 will receive a placebo infiltration and 10 an infiltration with botulinum toxin type A for cramping pain after arthroscopic tenotomy of the long head of the biceps tendon.


Title: Management of Popeye sign with botulinum toxin after tenotomy of the long head of the biceps tendon: a double-blinded randomized controlled trial Prcis: Double-blinded randomized controlled trial with 20 people. Randomization in 2 arms of 10 people. 3 visits will be planned with a meantime of 3 months after the infiltration with botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) or placebo that will be administered at the 2nd visit.

Objective: The primary objective is to assess the effectiveness of an infiltration with botulinum toxin in the biceps muscle after tenotomy of the long head of the biceps tendon for pain and disability reduction.

Endpoint: The primary endpoint is a pain reduction as measured by the Visual Analogue pain scale (VAS) and a reduced disability as measured by the quick DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand).

Population: 20 people who underwent an arthroscopic tenotomy of the long head of the biceps tendon and are having post-operative pain in the biceps muscle.

Phase: 4

Number of Sites enrolling participants: single center study in AZ Delta Roeselare

Description of Study Agent: botulinum toxin type A (Botox) 100 International Units by intramuscular injection

Study Duration: From March 2021 till December 2022

Participant Duration: 3 months

Condition Popeye Syndrome
Treatment Placebo, Botulinum Toxin Type A
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04750291
SponsorAZ Delta
Last Modified on30 October 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Provision of signed and dated informed consent form
Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study
Have had arthroscopic tenotomy of the long head of the biceps tendon without rotator cuff repair, acromioclavicular joint resection or glenoid labrum repair
Having bicipital pain that started after the tenotomy

Exclusion Criteria

under 18 years of age
over 65 years of age
pregnancy or lactation
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