A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of Virtual Reality to Treat Gastroparesis

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Mayo Clinic
Updated on 26 December 2021
upper endoscopy


The purpose of this study is to determine if virtual reality therapy is safe and tolerable in treating gastroparesis.


After informed consent patients will be randomized to a 4 week treatment program comparing active VR treatment to sham VR treatment. Symptoms will be measured at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks using validated questionnaires. A short questionnaire will be answered daily to evaluate changes in nausea.

Condition Stomach Discomfort, Diabetic Gastroparesis, gastric atony, Gastropathy, Gastroparesis, delayed gastric emptying
Treatment Oculus Go VR headset, Sham Oculus Go VR headset
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05079568
SponsorMayo Clinic
Last Modified on26 December 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult patients, men and women ages 18-75
Documented gastroparesis (idiopathic or diabetic)
Patients who have had an upper endoscopy within the past 3 years not showing evidence of an organic disorder that could cause symptoms and a 4-hour scintigraphic gastric emptying scan showing evidence of delayed gastric emptying
Patients will be identified as direct referrals to the general GI clinic or the motility clinic, and will undergo screening history and physical examination by the PI or co-investigator

Exclusion Criteria

Patients whose symptoms are thought to represent an organic disorder (e.g., peptic ulcer disease, hepatitis, pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, a known malignancy, radiation-induced injury, an active infection, vasculitis, celiac disease)
If the patients have known uncontrolled diabetes (HgbA1c > 11), GERD, esophagitis, eosinophilic esophagitis, H. pylori, cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, celiac artery compression syndrome, or SMA syndrome
Patients with prior surgery to the esophagus, stomach or duodenum
Patients taking opioids will also be excluded
Alcohol and tobacco use will be assessed, as will the presence of psychiatric conditions, such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorders, and eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia. However, no patient will be excluded based on reported substance use or presence of a psychiatric comorbidity, unless their psychological status represents potential harm to themselves, others, or represents an impediment to treatment
Any patient identified as having a significant problem with alcohol or anxiety or depression will be referred back to their primary care provider for further evaluation and treatment
Patients with motion sickness, vertigo, or a seizure disorder will be excluded to prevent the theoretical risk of inducing or exacerbating symptoms related to the aforementioned conditions with VR
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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