PEskE: A Phase 0/Surgical Window-of-opportunity Study to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Evolocumab in Patients With Recurrent High-grade Glioma or Glioblastoma

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 29, 2025
  • participants needed
    10
  • sponsor
    Duke University
Updated on 29 October 2022
renal function
neutrophil count
malignant glioma

Summary

This Phase 0 surgical window of opportunity trial seeks to evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of an FDA-approved proprotein convertase/ kexin type 9 serine protease inhibitor (PCSK9i) in patients with primary and recurrent World Health Organization (WHO) grade IV malignant glioma. The investigators intend to evaluate whether a clinically licensed PCSK9i called evolocumab (also known as Repatha) can be repurposed as a potential immunotherapeutic for high grade glioma by testing its ability to access the intracranial space. The primary objective is to evaluate whether evolocumab crosses the blood brain barrier (BBB) and is measurable in the resected tumor specimens of patients with primary and recurrent high grade glioma or glioblastoma.

Description

A maximum of 10 participants will receive 420 mg (the maximum single dose) of evolocumab subcutaneously into their thigh, abdomen or upper arm 7-14 days prior to surgical de-bulking of their tumor. After de-bulking, leftover tissue not required for histological analysis will be collected, and the level of evolocumab will be quantified. At two time points, prior to injection of evolocumab and at time of their surgery, participants will have peripheral blood drawn to analyze serum levels of the drug (for comparison to levels found in their leftover tissue). The investigators will follow-up with participants about 2 weeks after surgery at their post-operative visit.

A matched cohort of resected tumor specimens from patients who were not treated with evolocumab from the Duke Brain Tumor Center Biorepository will be used as a comparison for the primary objective and 2 of the 3 secondary objectives of this study comparing brain tumor tissue specimens of patients who did and did not receive evolocumab with respect to lipid metabolism and tumor cells expressing MHC-I.

Details
Condition Malignant Glioma, Glioblastoma
Treatment Evolocumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04937413
SponsorDuke University
Last Modified on29 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult patients ≥ 18 years old
Newly diagnosed or recurrent high grade glioma (HGG) or glioblastoma (GBM) (if recurrent, prior pathology report indicating HGG or GBM)
Adequate hematologic function within 14 days prior to starting evolocumab defined as
follows
Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dl (Note: the use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve Hgb ≥ 10.0 g/dl is acceptable)
Leukocytes ≥ 1,500/mm3
Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/mm3
Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3
Adequate renal function within 14 days prior to starting evolocumab defined as
Adequate hepatic function within 14 days prior to starting evolocumab defined as
calculated creatinine clearance (CrCL) of ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73m2 by the Cockcroft-
Gault formula
follows
Total bilirubin ≥ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (Note: Patients with known Gilbert disease without other clinically significant liver abnormalities are not excluded.)
AST(SGOT) and ALT(SGPT) ≥ 1.5 × ULN
Negative serum pregnancy test (in females of childbearing potential) within 48 hours
of starting evolocumab

Exclusion Criteria

Any patient with a history of a serious hypersensitivity reaction to evolocumab or any of the excipients in evolocumab
Patients with severe hepatic impairment outside of the range defined in the inclusion criteria within 7 days of starting evolocumab
History or evidence of central nervous system bleeding as defined by stroke or intraocular bleed (including embolic stroke) not associated with any antitumor surgery within 6 months before enrollment
Infection requiring intravenous antibiotics that was completed < 1 week of study enrollment (day 1) with the exemption of prophylactic antibiotics for long line insertion or biopsy
Females of reproductive potential and males who are unwilling to practice an acceptable method(s) of effective birth control while on study through 1 month (2 half-lives) after receiving the last dose of study drug
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