Effect of Lactulose and/or Polyethylene Glycol Solution for Bowel Preparation for Colonscopy Procedures

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Sichuan University
Updated on 7 October 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


Colonoscopy is the most useful exam used to evaluate colorectal diseases, like colorectal polyps and cancer. The appropriate bowel preparation is indispensable for colonoscopy procedures. Polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) is the most frequent laxative medication. However, the taste is poor, and patients need to drink a lot of liquids to obtain adequate visualization of the mucosal surface. In fact, no laxative has all the characteristics of an ideal medication. Lactulose is an osmotic laxative which widely used in cirrhosis and constipation patients, and could inhibit bacterial in the colon to increase colon cleanliness and prolong the effect time of PEG. Previous study demonstrate PEG combined with lactulose has a significant improvement in the quality of bowel preparation compared with PEG alone. The present study aim to assess the efficacy of lactulose with or without PEG in bowel preparation to improve mucosal visualization, reduced volume of fluid consumed, and preparation intolerance.


This study will conduct in 5 clinical central. 1000 participants who were scheduled for colonoscopy age between 18 and 80 years were enrolled in the study. Exclusion criteria were patients with uncontrolled acute or recurrent chronic intestinal infections, with active gastrointestinal bleeding or gastrointestinal stricture or intestinal obstruction, with severity coronary heart disease or heart failure or renal failure and liver failure or severe electrolyte metabolism disorder, with pregnant or lactating or metal diseases or refuse to colonoscopy examination. Central stratification and block randomization is achieved via a computer-generated random-sequence table by using R software. The participants will be assigned into one of four groups at a ratio of 1 : 1, and received a single 3 L dose of either PEG or 200ml dose of lactulose, 100ml lactulose combined with 1L PEG, 100ml lactulose combined with 2L PEG. The following parameters were then obtained: time of the first defecation, defecation frequency, the overall drink liquid volume, the taste of the preparation, the tolerance evaluation, the cleansing quality of the bowel preparations and adverse reaction.

Condition colonoscopy
Treatment 100 ml lactulose combined with 1 L PEG, 100 ml lactulose combined with 2 L PEG, 200 ml lactulose, 3 L Polyethylene glycol solution
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05076799
SponsorSichuan University
Last Modified on7 October 2022

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