Chemotherapy and Surgical Resection in Patients With Hepatic Oligometastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas (HOLIPANC)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 30, 2025
  • participants needed
    150
  • sponsor
    University of Cologne
Updated on 9 March 2022
measurable disease
metastasis
oxaliplatin
neutrophil count
irinotecan
thromboplastin
cancer chemotherapy
adenocarcinoma

Summary

This is an interventional, open-label, non-randomised, multicentre, single-arm phase II clinical trial.

Eligible patients with hepatic oligometastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas will receive neoadjuvant combination chemotherapy (liposomal irinotecan, oxaliplatin, 5-fluouracil, folinic acid (NAPOX)) in cycles of 14 days. Patients with tumour response or stable disease and a resectable primary tumour after the first 4 cycles will undergo explorative laparotomy and synchronous resection of the tumour and hepatic metastases, if feasible; these patients may receive 4 more cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy 2-4 weeks after the explorative laparotomy if the surgeon rated the primary tumour as non-resectable during the explorative laparotomy.

Description

This is an interventional, open-label, non-randomised, multicentre, single-arm phase II clinical trial.

Eligible patients with hepatic oligometastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas will receive neoadjuvant NAPOX chemotherapy in cycles of 14 days.

In patients with progressive disease during or after the first 4 cycles, neoadjuvant chemotherapy will be permanently discontinued. Patients with tumour response or stable disease after the first 4 cycles according to RECIST v1.1 but a non-resectable primary tumour according to the evaluation of an interdisciplinary tumour board will receive 4 more cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Patients with tumour response or stable disease and a resectable primary tumour after the first 4 cycles will undergo explorative laparotomy and synchronous resection of the tumour and hepatic metastases, if feasible; these patients may receive 4 more cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy 2-4 weeks after the explorative laparotomy if the surgeon rated the primary tumour as non-resectable during the explorative laparotomy.

All patients who receive a total of 8 cycles and who then have tumour response or stable disease according to RECIST v1.1 will undergo exploratory laparotomy surgery and synchronous resection of the tumour and hepatic metastases, if feasible according to the surgeon, 2-6 weeks after the last investigational medicinal product (IMP) treatment.

The primary endpoint of the clinical trial is overall survival of patients with an R0/R1 resection after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

The IMP treatment will be discontinued if tumour progression or inacceptable toxicity occurs or other termination criteria apply.

Adjuvant treatment will not be part of the trial treatment and may be given at the investigator's discretion in accordance with the Onkopedia guideline for pancreatic cancer.

Tumour, stool and blood samples will be collected before start and during the clinical trial for translational research if the patient gives his/her consent to participating in the translational research programme.

Details
Condition Pancreatic Cancer, Metastasis, Surgery, Oligometastatic Disease
Treatment nal-irinotecan (nal-iri) (Onyvide), oxaliplatin (ox), 5-fluouracil (5-FU), folinic acid (FA)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04617457
SponsorUniversity of Cologne
Last Modified on9 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically confirmed diagnosis of treatment-naïve limited hepatic metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas Definition of limited hepatic metastasis: 1 to 5 metastases in CT/MRI and/or contrast-enhanced ultrasound scan, which are potentially resectable or treatable by ablative procedures (Note 1: Patients also fulfil this inclusion criterion if a hepatic metastasis was partly or entirely removed as part of the diagnosis and is thus not detectable by CT/MRI and/or contrast-enhanced ultrasound scan at screening. Note 2: If more than 5 metastases are unexpectedly detected during surgery, it is not a violation of this inclusion criterion if the excess metastases had not been detectable by CT/MRI and/or contrast-enhanced ultrasound scan at screening.)
Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
Adequate renal, hepatic and bone marrow function, defined as
Calculated creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min
Total bilirubin ≤2 mg/dL; patients with biliary stent may be included if bilirubin level decreased to ≤2 mg/dL after stent insertion
alanin-aminotransferase and aspartat-aminotransferase (ALT and AST) ≤5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 × 109/L
Thrombocytes ≥100 × 109/L
Haemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤1.5 × ULN and Quick value ≥70%
Patients ≥18 years at the time of signing the informed consent
Females of childbearing potential (FCBPs) must agree to use highly effective contraceptive measures (Pearl index <1) or practice true abstinence from any heterosexual intercourse for the duration of treatment and for at least 1 month after the last IMP administration (true abstinence is acceptable when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient). A woman will be considered as being of childbearing potential unless she is at least 50 years old and, moreover, has gone through menopause for at least 2 years or has been surgically sterilised
Males must agree to use condoms or practice true abstinence from any heterosexual intercourse for the duration of IMP treatment and at least 6 months after the last IMP administration (true abstinence is acceptable if this is in line with the patient's preferred and usual lifestyle). Male patients must furthermore refrain from donating sperm during the clinical trial until at least 6 months after the last IMP administration
Patient's written informed consent prior to any trial-specific procedure
Patient's legal capacity to consent to participation in the clinical trial

Exclusion Criteria

Acinar cell carcinoma and/or neuroendocrine carcinoma of the pancreas
Symptomatic clinically significant ascites
Evidence of any distant metastases other than limited hepatic metastasis as defined in inclusion criterion 1
Any tumour-specific pretreatment of the adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (including but not limited to surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or ablative procedures)
Any malignancies other than adenocarcinoma of the pancreas in the 5 years before the start of the clinical trial except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer or superficial bladder tumours (Ta, Tis and T1)
Hypersensitivity to any of the IMPs or any of the excipients
Any major surgery within 4 weeks before the first IMP administration
Pregnant or breast-feeding female
Known chronic inflammatory bowel disease, bowel obstruction or chronic diarrhoea Grade ≥2 according to NCI CTCAE version 5.0
Peripheral polyneuropathy Grade ≥2 according to NCI CTCAE version 5.0
Known interstitial lung disease (ILD) or pulmonary fibrosis
Radiographic evidence of severe portal hypertension
Liver cirrhosis ≥ Child Pugh B
Cholestasis or cholangitis despite adequate biliary stenting; treatment with anti-infectious agents is permitted; patient must be disease-free and without anti-infectious treatment for 7 days before the first IMP administration
Active infection requiring systemic therapy
Known HIV seropositivity
Active or chronic Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection
Known glucuronidation deficiency (Gilbert's syndrome) (specific screening not required)
Known complete dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency (specific screening according to the recommendations of the Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) in effect for 5-FU; patients with a known complete DPD deficiency must be excluded; patients with a known partial DPD deficiency may be included
Clinically significant cardiovascular or vascular disease or disorder ≤6 months before enrolment into the clinical trial (e.g. myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, chronic heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) ≥ Grade 2, uncontrolled arrhythmia, cerebral infarction)
Pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis or arterial thromboembolism ≤6 months before before the first IMP administration
Any other severe concomitant disease or disorder, which could influence patient's ability to participate in the clinical trial and his/her safety during the trial or interfere with interpretation of results; e.g., severe hepatic, renal, pulmonary, cardiovascular, metabolic or psychiatric disorders
Requirement for live vaccination within 4 weeks before the first IMP administration and during neoadjuvant chemotherapy
Use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors have to be discontinued at least one week prior to start of trial treatment.); use of strong UGT1A1 inhibitors or strong CYP3A4 inducers unless there are no therapeutic alternatives
Treatment with nucleoside analogues such as brivudine within 4 weeks before the first IMP administration or requirement for concomitant antiviral treatment with brivudine or analogues
Participation in a clinical trial or experimental drug treatment within 4 weeks before the first IMP administration or within a period of 5 half-lives of the substances administered in a clinical trial or during an experimental drug treatment before the first IMP administration, depending on which period is longest, or simultaneous participation in another clinical trial while taking part in this clinical trial
Continuing abuse of alcohol, drugs or medical drugs
Patient committed to an institution by virtue of an order issued either by the judicial or the administrative authorities
Patients possibly dependent from the investigator including the spouse, children and close relatives of any investigator at the discretion of the investigator)
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