Comparison of Effects of Atorvastatin Versus Rosuvastatin on Cardiac Function in Heart Failure Patients

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    80
  • sponsor
    Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Updated on 28 September 2022

Summary

Statins have a protective effect in patients with established heart failure because of their lipid-lowering and pleiotropic effects. There is no randomized controlled trial comparing lipophilic versus hydrophilic statins in these patients (head to head comparison). The best evidence so far is from a meta-analysis in which the authors did an adjusted indirect comparison between lipophilic statins and rosuvastatin and found that lipophilic statins were associated with significantly lower incidence of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and hospitalization for worsening heart failure compared to rosuvastatin (hydrophilic statin) among patients with heart failure. So, the investigators plan to conduct a randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on cardiac function in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Description

HMG CoA reductase inhibitors or Statins have been widely used for primary prevention and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Also, the protective effect of statins has been observed in patients with established heart failure because of their lipid-lowering and pleiotropic effects.

Various randomized and non-randomized clinical trials have evaluated statins like Atorvastatin, Rosuvastatin, Simvastatin, Pitavastatin and reported improved clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction as well as heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Similar benefits on improved cardiac function, reduced inflammation, and improved mortality have been seen in small randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with Atorvastatin. The two large RCTs - Controlled Rosuvastatin Multinational Study in Heart Failure (CORONA) and Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Insufficienza cardiac (GISSI-HF) - which compared Rosuvastatin versus placebo, failed to show statistically significant benefits in mortality outcomes in heart failure patients compared to placebo, although CORONA trial did show a significant reduction in hospital admissions but not on mortality.

However, these two large trials only compared one statin i.e rosuvastatin versus placebo; which is a hydrophilic statin. Statin is not a uniform class of drugs. They differ in their pleiotropic effects based on lipophilic nature. There is evidence that lipophilic statins enter cells via passive diffusion and are widely distributed to various tissues including cardiac tissues where it exerts pleiotropic actions whereas uptake of hydrophilic statins is via carrier-mediated mechanisms and is restricted to the liver, thus reduced the capacity of non-lipid effects on extra-hepatic tissues.

Currently, there is no RCT comparing lipophilic statin versus hydrophilic statin (head to head comparison). The best evidence so far is from a meta-analysis which is an adjusted indirect comparison between lipophilic statins and rosuvastatin. They found that lipophilic statins were associated with a significantly lower incidence of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and hospitalization for worsening heart failure compared to rosuvastatin (hydrophilic statin) among patients with heart failure. So, the investigators plan to conduct a randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on cardiac function and inflammation in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Details
Condition Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction
Treatment Rosuvastatin Oral Tablet, Atorvastatin Oral Tablet
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05072054
SponsorPostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Last Modified on28 September 2022

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