Evaluation of Immunohistochemical Expression of Heparanase in Helicobacter Pylori-Associated Chronic Gastritis

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    Sohag University
Updated on 25 May 2022


Treatment of H.pylori may not be achieved in many patients with chronic gastritis. Termination of the inflammatory respose produced by h.pylori may be useful in management of difficult cases. Heparanase is a pro-inflammatory mediator. Blocking of heparanase may relief the symptoms of chronic gastritis.


Chronic gastritis (CG) is a very common disease. The incidence of CG is not accurately known. However, it is clear that the incidence of CG is increasing by advancing age. CG is divided into two main types; type A or immune and type B or non-immune gastritis. Both types of CG share the same histological features. However, type A is less common, usually affects the gastric fundus in a diffuse manner and separates the antrum. on the contrary; type B or non-immune CG, which is by far more common, inevitably develops in the antrum and progresses proximally. H. pylori-induced CG usually requires antibiotic therapy to eradicate the causative organism and subsequently terminate the inflammatory response and the symptoms of gastritis. However, eradication of H. pylori is difficult to be achieved in many patients. Previous studies established that there is a vicious circle between H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells and the gastric mucosal inflammatory cells. Heparanase (HPSE) is a mammalian -endoglucoronidase. HPSE plays a critical role in multiple inflammatory processes by degrading and remodeling heparan sulfate polysaccharide chains in the extracellular matrix (ECM). This leads to release of multiple cytokines and chemokines which are located in the ECM. HPSE is a drug target, three inhibitors of this enzyme have been tested in early stage clinical trials. Many studies reported that the expression of HPSE is up-regulated in a variety of inflammatory conditions as ulcerative colitis, acute pancreatitis, acute vasculitis and sepsis. The aim of this work is to evaluate the role of heparanase (HPSE) in chronic gastritis (CG) by correlating the expression of HPSE to different histological features of CG as presence of H. pylori, chronic inflammatory infiltrate, gastric atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and neutrophil infiltrate (activity), to detect new treatment modalities in CG.

Condition Chronic Gastritis
Treatment immunohistochemical detection of Heparanase in chronic gastritis
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05073614
SponsorSohag University
Last Modified on25 May 2022

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