Effects of Backward Gait Training in Chronic Stroke Patients

  • End date
    Dec 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Bandırma Onyedi Eylül University
Updated on 13 October 2021


Loss of motor control after stroke, muscle weakness, abnormal movement patterns, spasticity, range of motion limitations and sensory dysfunction, resulting in a decrease in the load transferred to the affected limb, changes in gait pattern and balance skills. Post-stroke muscle weakness has been shown to occur not only in the lower and upper extremity muscles but also in the respiratory muscles. It was found that the plantar pressure distribution in the affected side feet was decreased in individuals with stroke and this situation negatively affected the walking function. A systematic review of treadmill training revealed that treadmill training significantly increased walking speed and walking distance. Learning to walk backwards is also recommended to improve the movement components required for walking forward. As a result of the investigations, although there are studies about the effects of back-walking training on walking and balance function in chronic stroke patients, there is no study investigating the effects on plantar pressure distribution and respiratory parameters. Therefore, this study, which planned to investigate the effects of treadmill retching training on balance, plantar pressure distribution and respiratory parameters in chronic stroke patients, will contribute to the literature.

Condition Chronic Stroke Patients
Treatment Backward Walking Training, Forward Walking Training
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04903392
SponsorBandırma Onyedi Eylül University
Last Modified on13 October 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Volunteering to participate in the study
More than 6 months have passed since the onset of stroke
First time stroke diagnosis
Being between the ages of 40-65
Spasticity severity in lower extremity less than 3 according to Modified Ashworth Scale
Being medically stable
Ability to walk 10 meters and above without assistance

Exclusion Criteria

Presence of other neurological or orthopedic diseases that affect standing and walking involving the lower limbs
Uncontrollable Hypertension
Having been diagnosed with any pulmonary disease
Severe cardiac conditions
Uncontrollable DM
Lack of cooperation
Clear my responses

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