A Clinical Trial in Healthy Volunteers and Patients With Mild Asthma to Investigate a New Medicine (AZD4604) for the Treatment of Asthma

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 20, 2022
  • participants needed
    169
  • sponsor
    AstraZeneca
Updated on 14 May 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

This is a first in human clinical study. Part 1 of the clinical study will assess the safety and tolerability, as well as the single dose pharmacokinetics (PK), of inhaled AZD4604 in healthy volunteers (Part 1a, single ascending dose [SAD]). The single dose administration will be performed with dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulation of AZD4604. When at least 4 cohorts of the SAD part of the study have been completed, AZD4604 will be administered as a single intravenous (IV) or oral (PO) dose to 2 different cohorts of healthy volunteers (Part 1b). The main purpose is to compare the PK between IV, oral and inhaled administration to further characterize the PK properties of AZD4604 by the various administration routes. The results will be used to improve future study design and interpretation. In Part 2 (Multiple ascending dose [MAD]), AZD4604 will be administered at multiple doses (twice daily [BID], 7 days) to healthy volunteers. In Part 3, AZD4604 will be administered at multiple doses to patients with mild asthma at dose levels assessed in Part 2. The multiple-dose administration will be performed with DPI-formulated AZD4604.

Description

Part 1a of the study will be a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, SAD, sequential group design study. Seven inhaled dose levels of AZD4604 are planned to be investigated in cohorts of 8 healthy volunteers, with 6 healthy volunteers randomly assigned to inhaled AZD4604 and 2 healthy volunteers randomly assigned to inhaled placebo in each cohort.

Part 1a will comprise of:

  • A Screening Visit within 28 days before dosing.
  • A Treatment Period (Day -1 to Day 7, in the Clinical Unit) with a single inhaled dose of AZD4604 or corresponding placebo on Day 1. Although the anticipated systemic exposure and risk for potential adverse systemic effects are considered to be low for AZD4604, healthy volunteers will remain resident at site for additional 6 days of monitoring.
  • A Final Assessment on day of discharge.

In Part 1b, AZD4604 will be administered as a single IV or a PO dose to healthy volunteers in order to compare the PK between IV, PO and inhaled administration. Part 1b will be open-label and consist of 2 dose cohorts, IV and PO, with 6 healthy volunteers in each.

Part 1b will comprise of:

  • A washout period of at least 2 weeks for the healthy volunteers who received inhaled dosing in Part 1a will occur before IV or PO dosing in Part 1b. All healthy volunteers will have a Screening Visit within 28 days of dosing.
  • A Treatment Period (Day -1 to Day 3, in the Clinical Unit) with a single IV or PO dose of AZD4604 on Day 1.
  • A Follow-up Visit within 6 ± 1 day after dosing.

Part 2 of the study will be a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, MAD, sequential group design. This part of the study will be conducted in up to 32 healthy volunteers.

Part 2 will comprise of:

  • A Screening Visit within 28 days before first dosing.
  • A Treatment Period (Day -1 to Day 12 in the Clinical Unit) with twice daily (BID) inhaled doses of AZD4604 or placebo on Day 1 to Day 6 (12-hour [+/- 30 minutes] intervals between doses), and a single inhaled dose on Day 7. The healthy volunteers will remain resident at site for additional 6 days of monitoring, which is predicted to allow sufficient time for near complete washout (estimated time for > 97% of the dose to have been eliminated) of any target engagement from the lungs. Healthy volunteers will remain in the Clinical Unit for the duration of the treatment period and will be discharged on Day 13, 6 days after administration of the last dose.
  • A Final Assessment on day of discharge.

Part 3 of the study will be a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-dose, PK and pharmacodynamic (PD) study part, with daily non-residential visits during the Treatment Period. This part of the study will be conducted in at least 45 patients with mild asthma (16 patients in Cohorts 1 and 2 and at least 29 patients in the Proof of Mechanism [PoM] Cohort).

Part 3 will comprise of:

  • A Screening Visit within 42 days before first dosing.
  • A Treatment Period (Day -3 to Day 15 as daily non-residential visits) with BID inhaled doses of AZD4604 or placebo on Day 1 to Day 9 (12-hour intervals between doses), and a single inhaled dose on Day 10. Dosing will take place at the clinical site and patients will need to visit the site twice daily on Day 1 to Day 9. The anticipated systemic exposure and risk for potential adverse systemic effects are considered to be low for AZD4604, therefore, patients will not be required to be resident at site during the Treatment Period.
  • A Final Assessment (Day 16) on the last day of the Treatment Period.

Details
Condition Asthma
Treatment AZD4604 for inhalation via DPI, Placebo for AZD4604 for inhalation via DPI, AZD4604 for IV administration, AZD4604 for oral administration
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04769869
SponsorAstraZeneca
Last Modified on14 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

All Study Parts
Provision of signed and dated, written informed consent prior to any study specific procedures
Female subjects must have a negative pregnancy test at the Screening Visit and on admission to the Study Center and must not be lactating. Women of non-childbearing potential, must fulfill one of the following criteria
Postmenopausal defined as amenorrhea for at least 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments and follicle stimulating hormone levels in the postmenopausal range
Documentation of irreversible surgical sterilization by hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral salpingectomy but not bilateral tubal ligation
Have a body mass index (BMI) between 18 and 30 kg/m2 inclusive and weigh at least 60
kg
Male subjects and their Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) partners should be willing to use highly effective contraception measures and should refrain from donating sperm or fathering a child from the first day of dosing until 3 months after the last dose of investigational medicinal product (IMP)
WOCBP must be willing to use highly effective contraception measures from the first day of dosing until at least 1 month after the last dose of IMP, such as measures that results in low failure rate, ie, less than 1% per year
Part 1a, Part 1b, and Part 2 Only
Healthy male and female (including WOCBP) volunteers aged 18 to 55 years with suitable veins for cannulation or repeated venipuncture
Healthy volunteers must have a FEV1 ≥ 80% of the predicted value regarding age, height, gender and ethnicity at the Screening and the Randomization Visits in accordance with American Thoracic Society (ATS)/ European Respiratory Society (ERS) criteria
Part 3 Only
Male and female (including WOCBP) patients with mild asthma aged 18 to 55 years with suitable veins for cannulation or repeated venipuncture
Physician diagnosed mild asthma for at least 6 months prior to Screening Visit
Lung function ≥ 70% predicted for FEV1 at the Screening Visit AND on pre-morning dose Day -1, in accordance with the ATS/ERS criteria
Have a FeNO of ≥ 40 ppb at the Screening Visit and at the corresponding clock-time of pre-morning dose on Day 3
Must have evidence of up-to-date Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination status as per local guidelines

Exclusion Criteria

All Study Parts
History of any clinically important disease or disorder
Subject has an increased risk of infection
History of cancer within the last 10 years except for basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix treated and considered cured
Disease history suggesting abnormal immune function
Have received any vaccine in the 30 days prior to the first dose
Has a body temperature of > 37.7°C on Day-1
History or presence of gastrointestinal, hepatic or renal disease
Any clinically important illness, medical/surgical procedure, or trauma within 4 weeks of the first administration of Investigational medicinal product (IMP)
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein > upper limit of normal (ULN) at Screening Visit and on Day -1
Any clinically important abnormalities in clinical chemistry, hematology or urinalysis results
Abnormal vital signs at the Screening Visit, after 5 minutes supine rest
Known or suspected history of drug abuse
Current smokers or those who have smoked or used nicotine products
History of alcohol abuse or excessive intake of alcohol
Positive screen for drugs of abuse or cotinine (nicotine)
History of severe allergy/hypersensitivity or ongoing clinically important allergy/hypersensitivity, or history of hypersensitivity to drugs with a similar chemical structure or class to AZD4604
Excessive intake of caffeine containing drinks or food (eg, coffee, tea, chocolate)
Use of drugs with enzyme inducing properties such as St John's Wort within 3 weeks prior to the first administration of investigational medicinal product
Plasma donation within one month of the Screening Visit or any blood donation/blood loss > 500 mL during the 3 months prior to the Screening Visit
Has received another new chemical entity (defined as a compound which has not been approved for marketing) within 3 months of the first administration of IMP in this study
Involvement of any AstraZeneca or study Center employee or their close relatives
Subject should not participate in the study if they have any ongoing or recent minor medical complaints that may interfere with the interpretation of study data
Subjects who cannot communicate reliably
Vulnerable subjects
Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of the resting electrocardiogram (ECG) and any clinically important abnormalities in the 12 lead ECG that may interfere with the interpretation of QTc interval changes, including abnormal ST T wave morphology, particularly in the clinical study protocol (CSP) defined primary lead or left ventricular hypertrophy
Female subjects who are planning a pregnancy during the study period or within 1 month after the last dose of IMP
Part 1a, Part 1b, and Part 2 Only
Any laboratory values with the deviations at the Screening Visit and on Day 1
Persistent or intermittent complete Bundle branch block (BBB), Incomplete bundle branch block (IBBB), or Intraventricular conduction delay (IVCD) with ECG interval measured from the onset of the QRS complex to the J point (QRS) > 110 ms
Subjects who have medical dietary restrictions or dietary restrictions which the site are unable to cater for
Use of any prescribed or nonprescribed medication during the 2 weeks prior to the first administration of IMP or longer if the medication has a long half life
History of any respiratory disorders
Clinically significant history of allergic rhinitis/hay fever or anaphylaxis
Part 3 Only
Exacerbation of asthma symptoms and requiring the use of oral or IV steroids, antibiotics, Accident and Emergency visit, or hospital admission
Any laboratory values with the deviations at the Screening Visit and on Day 1. Abnormal values may be repeated once at the discretion of the PI: (a)Alanine aminotransferase > 1.25 × upper-limit of normal (ULN); (b)Aspartate aminotransferase > 1.25 × ULN; (c)Total bilirubin > 1.25 × ULN; (d) Creatinine > ULN; (e)Absolute neutrophil count < lower limit of normal (LLN) at the Screening Visit; (f) Absolute lymphocyte count < LLN at the Screening Visit; (g)Hemoglobin < LLN
Persistent or intermittent complete BBB, IBBB, or IVCD with QRS > 110 ms. Patients with IVCD and QRS <120 ms are acceptable if there is no evidence of eg, ventricular hypertrophy or pre-excitation
Use of the following medicines before Screening Visit: Long-acting β2 agonists; Biologics for asthma; Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) > 500 μg per day of beclometasone dipropionate or equivalent; Any ICS at any dose; Oral or injectable steroids for treatment of asthma or respiratory tract infection; Intranasal steroids; Leukotriene antagonists; Xanthines (excluding caffeine), anticholinergics, or cromoglycate; Short-acting bronchodilator other than for rescue
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