Reducing Vertical Transmission of Hepatitis B in Africa (REVERT-B)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 31, 2025
  • participants needed
    450
  • sponsor
    University of Alabama at Birmingham
Updated on 4 October 2022
tenofovir
hepatitis
fumarate
lamivudine
prenatal

Summary

Hepatitis B virus is an infection that can be easily transmitted from women to newborns at the time of delivery. Our objective is to identify novel options that are effective and safe in preventing perinatal transmission of hepatitis B in Africa. The REVERT-B study (Reducing Vertical Transmission of Hepatitis B in Africa) is a clinical trial designed to test a new strategy of using antiviral medication in high-risk pregnant women and newborns to reduce the risk of hepatitis B transmission. The study will measure efficacy, safety, tolerability and adherence to medication.

Description

The REVERT-B trial is a multi-center, phase III, randomized 2x2 factorial study designed to test the efficacy of early maternal TDF vs standard duration and neonatal 3TC prophylaxis compared to matching placebo in preventing HBV MTCT. Eligible pregnant women with HBV in prenatal care (n=450) will be randomized 1:1:1:1 to one of four maternal and neonatal prophylaxis combinations (shown as A-D in the figure below). Women will initiate daily oral TDF early (2nd trimester) or at the standard time per WHO guidelines (3rd trimester) and will continue TDF until delivery. The current WHO standard of care in pregnant women with HBV (EAg+) in Cameroon is TDF prophylaxis from 28 weeks until delivery. Newborns will receive liquid 3TC or matching placebo for the first six months of life to provide coverage until the vaccine series is complete. All infants in the study will be offered the 4-dose HBV vaccine series starting at birth.

The 2x2 factorial design allows for two simultaneous studies where we first assess efficacy of early maternal prophylaxis (Aim 1) and secondarily assess efficacy of neonatal prophylaxis (Aim 2). The study endpoint for both aims is the MTCT rate (proportion of infants HBsAg+) at 6-9 months of age. Women and infants will be followed until 6-9 months after delivery and subaims will assess safety and adherence to maternal TDF and neonatal 3TC. Plasma testing will be used to measure medication adherence.

Details
Condition Hepatitis B Infection
Treatment Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, Lamivudine Oral Solution
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04704024
SponsorUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

prenatal clinic patient
age ≥16 years
-27 weeks gestational age according to clinic dating based on LMP or ultrasound
active hepatitis B with risk of vertical transmission (HBsAg+ AND HBeAg+ or HBV DNA >1000 IU/ML)
plan to receive follow up care and deliver at study facility
capable of providing informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

HIV positive (according to HIV antibody testing performed at the initial prenatal visit)
known liver cirrhosis or end-stage liver disease
elevated liver enzymes (ALT >5x upper limit of normal)
elevated serum creatinine (>1.4 mg/dl)
currently taking tenofovir medication
allergy or intolerance to tenofovir study medication
known fetal anomaly in the current pregnancy
clinical illness requiring hospitalization at the time of enrollment
evidence of early labor at the time of enrollment
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