Pilot Cross-Over Trial of Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) and Conventional Flow Triggered Mechanical Ventilation (CMV) in Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (sBPD)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Oct 17, 2023
  • participants needed
    25
  • sponsor
    Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Updated on 17 October 2022

Summary

This prospective, unblinded, pilot randomized cross-over trial of 2 modes of mechanical ventilation will compare measures of pulmonary mechanics, respiratory gas exchange, and patient comfort between conventional flow triggered mechanical ventilation and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) among 20 prematurely born infants and young children receiving invasive respiratory support for severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).

Description

Most research to date in neonatal lung disease has focused on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) prevention. As a result, insufficient investigation has been performed to define optimal respiratory management strategies for infants and young children with established BPD. Thus, there is no robust evidence base to guide ventilator management to promote lung disease recovery and support neurodevelopment in this population. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is an alternative to conventional flow triggered ventilation that has shown promise for improving respiratory gas exchange, patient-ventilator interaction, and work of breathing in preterm neonates. The safety and efficacy of NAVA in infants and young children with established, severe BPD is uncertain. This prospective, unblinded, pilot randomized cross-over trial of 2 modes of mechanical ventilation will compare measures of pulmonary mechanics, respiratory gas exchange, and patient comfort between conventional flow triggered mechanical ventilation and NAVA among 20 prematurely born infants and young children receiving invasive respiratory support for severe BPD.

Details
Condition Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist, Mechanical Ventilation
Treatment NAVA, CMV
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04821453
SponsorChildren's Hospital of Philadelphia
Last Modified on17 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Gestational ages (GA) ≤ 32 weeks
Current age between 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) and 2 years corrected age
Severe BPD [as per National Institutes of Health (NIH) consensus definition] diagnosed at 36 weeks postmenstrual age
Receiving invasive mechanical ventilation for ongoing lung disease
Not expected to be ready for extubation within 11 days following enrollment
Parental consent

Exclusion Criteria

Severe congenital anomalies
Known diaphragmatic defect
Current treatment with high frequency mechanical ventilation
Do not resuscitate (DNR) Status or Futility of Care
>10% leak around the artificial airway
Treatment with neuromuscular blockade within 72 hours prior to enrollment
Acute respiratory instability defined as a ventilator rate increase > 15 beats per minute (bpm), Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) increase > 2 cm/water (H2O), sustained FiO2 increase > 20%, and/or prescribed increase in tidal volume > 2 mL/kg within 24 hours prior to enrollment will be excluded
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note