Endoscopically-delivered Purastat to Treat Bleeding Caused by Radiation Proctopathy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    31
  • participants needed
    80
  • sponsor
    Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust
Updated on 29 September 2021

Summary

30,000 people in the UK are treated with pelvic radiotherapy each year. Rectal bleeding is a common symptom side effect caused by radiation proctopathy (RP). RP is due to the effect of radiation on the rectum (back passage) which causes poor blood supply (ischaemia) which leads to stiffness/scarring (fibrosis) and the development of abnormal blood vessels on the surface of the lining of the rectum (telangiectasia) which can bleed (1, 2). Six percent of patients will develop severe bleeding from RP (3), passing large amounts of blood and clots, often leading anaemia (low blood count) requiring either tablet or intravenous (IV) iron replacement, or blood transfusion.

There are very few safe, effective, evidence-based treatments available for RP. Purastat is a new haemostatic agent (treatment that stops bleeding) which is licensed to treat bleeding from blood vessels in the gut. It is a liquid containing four peptides (protein building-blocks). When this liquid comes in contact with blood these peptides join together to form a mesh which closes the broken blood vessel thereby stopping the bleeding (4-7). Purastat is safe with no side effects and it breaks down amino acids, which are tissue building blocks that can be used to repair the site of injury (7). There are many studies which show that Purastat is effective at stopping bleeding quickly and safely (within 10-20 seconds) (6-13). Early data from a case series of 21 patients by the research team has shown improvement in symptoms and endoscopic appearance. This study is a dual site randomised feasibility study of 80 patients. It will obtain initial data into the safety and efficacy Purastat in reducing bleeding in people with severe haemorrhagic RP. These data will be used to support funding for an definitive randomised controlled trial.

Description

Purastat is a new haemostatic agent (treatment that stops bleeding) which is licensed to treat bleeding from blood vessels in the gut. It is a liquid containing four peptides (protein building-blocks). When this liquid comes in contact with blood these peptides join together to form a mesh which closes the broken blood vessel thereby stopping the bleeding (4-7). Purastat is safe with no side effects and it breaks down amino acids, which are tissue building blocks that can be used to repair the site of injury (7). There are many studies which show that Purastat is effective at stopping bleeding quickly and safely (within 10-20 seconds) (6-13). Early data from a case series of 21 patients by the research team has shown improvement in symptoms and endoscopic appearance.

Assessment Tools

1.Demographic data 2.7 day patient-reported rectal bleeding diary 3.Rectal bleeding score 4.Endoscopic grading: Zinicola score, rectal telangiectasia density score 5.Bloods: Haemoglobin concentration, ferritin 6.Blood transfusion requirement 7.Iron replacement requirement 8.Quality of life (EQ5D 5L) 9. Healthcare use including GP visits, hospital visit, A&E attendences, day case hospital visits, hospital admissions, blood transfusion and iron use.

The study duration will be 20 weeks (+/- 2 weeks). The timing of assessments will be baseline following consent (week 0) week 4 (+/- 1 week) week 8 (+/- 1 week) and week 20 (+/- 2 weeks).

Patients will be screened at their clinic appointment by study doctor. If they meet eligibility criteria, then verbal consent will be taken from the participant for the research nurse to contact them via telephone to discuss the study further. If the participant is happy to take part in the study following discussion with the research nurse then a follow-up telephone call will be arranged with study doctor for the participant to confirm happy to proceed and ask any further questions. An invitation letter plus participant information sheet and informed consent form will be either sent to the participant via post or email.

There are then 2 options for taking informed consent - either a telephone informed consent visit with return of informed consent to investigator site OR a face to face informed consent visit with respective study investigator and research nurse.

Demographic data plus details of cancer treatment, site, comorbidities, previous treatment for radiation proctopathy will be obtained. Participants will be allocated a study number and anonymised. They will then be randomised to Purastat or treatment as usual (sucralfate enemas) using block sizes of 4 or 6, with block size itself determined at random. Randomisation will be stratified by Hospital. An independent randomisation schedule will be generated for each of the Hospitals. Prescriptions for sucralfate 2g BD for 2 months will be issued to those randomised to treatment as usual for collection at first sigmoidoscopy appointment.

The research nurse will contact the participant to inform them of the arm they have been randomised to, confirm their baseline sigmoidoscopy visit date and ensure that they start completing their bleeding diary/healthcare utilisation starting 7 days before their baseline visit. Demographic data plus details of cancer treatment, site, comorbidities, previous treatment for radiation proctopathy will be obtained. Patients will be allocated a study number and anonymised. They will then be randomised to Purastat or treatment as usual (sucralfate enemas) using block sizes of 4 or 6, with block size itself determined at random.

Randomisation will be stratified by Hospital. An independent randomisation schedule will be generated for each of the Hospitals. Prescriptions for sucralfate 2g BD for 2 months will be issued to those randomised to treatment as usual for collection at first sigmoidoscopy appointment.

Week 0 -1 The 7-day bleeding diary will be completed.

Week 0

  • Patients will attend for first sigmoidoscopy.
  • The bleeding diary will be collected and EORTC-QLQ-C30/EQ5D-5L/baseline healthcare utilisation questionnaire (covering the preceding 6 months including details of iron use and blood transfusion) completed.
  • Baseline bloods will be taken (FBC, ferritin and iron studies).
  • Assessment will be made using a rectal bleeding score.
  • Sigmoidoscopy: insertion to rectum only to assess extent and severity of radiation proctopathy. Endoscopic images will be taken including in retroflexion. Endoscopic grading will be completed by the endoscopist. Images will be graded independently by a second gastroenterologist and any differences discussed and reviewed by a third if required.
  • Purastat group: 5mls Purastat will be delivered.
  • Treatment as usual group: sucralfate enemas collected from pharmacy: 2g BD for 8 weeks to start that day.
  • The bleeding diary will be completed for the subsequent 7 days prior to their sigmoidoscopy visit.
  • Next sigmoidoscopy visit is booked

Week 3

The 7-day bleeding diary will be completed.

Week 4

  • Patients will attend for second sigmoidoscopy.
  • The bleeding diaries will be collected and EORTC-QLQ-C30/EQ5D-5L/baseline healthcare utilisation questionnaire (covering the preceding 4 weeks including details of iron use and blood transfusion) completed.
  • Assessment will be made using a rectal bleeding score.
  • Sigmoidoscopy: insertion to rectum only to assess extent and severity of radiation proctopathy. Endoscopic images will be taken including in retroflexion. Endoscopic grading will be completed by the endoscopist. Images will be graded independently by a second gastroenterologist and any differences discussed and reviewed by a third if required.
  • 5mls Purastat will be delivered to those randomised into the Purastat group.
  • The bleeding diary will be completed for the subsequent 7 days prior to their sigmoidoscopy visit.
  • Next sigmoidoscopy visit is booked

Week 7 The 7-day bleeding diary will be completed.

Week 8

  • Patients will attend for third sigmoidoscopy.
  • The bleeding diaries will be collected and EORTC-QLQ-C30/EQ5D-5L/baseline healthcare utilisation questionnaire (covering the preceding 4 weeks including details of iron use and blood transfusion) completed.
  • Bloods will be taken (FBC, ferritin and iron studies).
  • Assessment will be made using a rectal bleeding score.
  • Sigmoidoscopy: insertion to rectum only to assess extent and severity of radiation proctopathy. Endoscopic images will be taken including in retroflexion. Endoscopic grading will be completed by the endoscopist. Images will be graded independently by a second gastroenterologist and any differences discussed and reviewed by a third if required.
  • 5mls Purastat will be delivered to those randomised into the Purastat group.
  • The bleeding diary will be completed for the subsequent 7 days prior to their sigmoidoscopy visit.
  • Next sigmoidoscopy visit is booked

Week 19

The 7-day bleeding diary will be completed.

Week 20

  • Patients will attend for fourth sigmoidoscopy.
  • The bleeding diaries will be collected and EORTC-QLQ-C30/EQ5D-5L/baseline healthcare utilisation questionnaire (covering the preceding 12 weeks including details of iron use and blood transfusion) completed.
  • Bloods will be taken (FBC, ferritin and iron studies).
  • Assessment will be made using a rectal bleeding score.
  • Sigmoidoscopy: insertion to rectum only to assess extent and severity of radiation proctopathy. Endoscopic images will be taken including in retroflexion. Endoscopic grading will be completed by the endoscopist. Images will be graded independently by a second gastroenterologist and any differences discussed and reviewed by a third if required.
  • CSQ-8 completed prior to discharge from the endoscopy unit
  • End of patient involvement

Purastat delivery technique

  • Insertion of sigmoidoscope into rectum
  • Purastat will be spread over the telangiectasia using the designated catheter

On discharge from the endoscopy unit all patients will be given bleeding diaries and study team will arrange the next sigmoidoscopy appointment. Patients will be contacted by the research nurse via telephone at weeks 3, 7 and 19 to prompt completion of bleeding diary.

Individuals who dropped out of the study will be contacted by week 28 by the research nurse

Details
Condition Radiation Proctopathy
Treatment Purastat Arm, Standard Care Arm
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04918758
SponsorManchester University NHS Foundation Trust
Last Modified on29 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age >16 years old
Pelvic radiotherapy completed >6 months previously
Endoscopically confirmed diagnosis of radiation proctopathy on lower GI endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) as characterised by the typical endoscopic appearances of superficial friable serpiginous telangiectasia, mucosal pallor and oedema
Significant rectal bleeding (>weekly passage of blood into toilet bowl +/- anaemia which is ongoing for at least 3 months)
Full colonic evaluation (colonoscopy or CT colonogram) to exclude other causes for rectal bleeding
Capable of providing informed consent to a participant information sheet written in English

Exclusion Criteria

Age <16 years
Unable to have full colonic evaluation to exclude other causes of rectal bleeding
Other untreated cause for rectal bleeding
Previous Purastat treatment for RP
Previous Sucralfate treatment for RP
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