Role of Preoperative Transdermal Buprenorphine Patch in Reducing Postoperative Opioids Consumption in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasties - A Randomised Controlled Trial.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 22, 2022
  • participants needed
    120
  • sponsor
    Security Forces Hospital
Updated on 22 April 2022

Summary

This study will help us in understanding the role of transdermal buprenorphine patch in reducing consumption of opioids in patients undergoing total knee replacement. The objective of our study is to investigate the role of preoperative TDB patch in reducing postoperative opioids consumption in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasties. Patients aged between 18 and 65years, scheduled to undergo total knee arthroplasty with an ASA score of 1 to 3 will be included in the study.

Description

Effective postoperative pain control is a major challenge to the treating surgeons and Anaesthetists. Most opioids cause side effects such as sedation, nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression. A number of other modalities have also been recommended for treatment of post-operative pain, including epidural infusion, patient-controlled analgesia, peripheral nerve block, continuous intra-articular infusion and local intra-articular analgesic injection. However, all of these treatments are invasive and aggressive and are potentially associated with regional bleeding, infection and nerve damage.

In the study by Londhe et al, all patients received peri-articular local anesthetic infiltration and then epidural/femoral nerve block infusion for 72 hours postoperatively. Group A received the TDB patch 5 mcg applied at the end of surgery. Group B received a combination of paracetamol and tramadol. They concluded that TDB patch is more efficacious in reducing postoperative pain after TKA surgery and can be safely used with fewer systemic side effects when compared to conventional analgesics.

The objective of our study is to investigate the role of preoperative TDB patch in reducing postoperative opioids consumption in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasties.

Details
Condition Patients Aged Between 18 and 65years Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty
Treatment Buprenorphine patch
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05042648
SponsorSecurity Forces Hospital
Last Modified on22 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients aged between 18 and 65years, scheduled to undergo total knee arthroplasty with an ASA score of 1 to 3 will be included in the study

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who will refuse enrollment or later request removal from the study, those who are unable to give informed consent and patients with contraindications for regional anesthesia like known allergy to local anesthetics, bleeding diathesis, use of anticoagulants or corticosteroids, inability to operate patient controlled analgesia (PCA) system, psychiatric disorders or use of psychiatric medications and known allergy to TDB patch
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