Plasma Levels of Danger-Associated Molecular Patterns in Young Children After Cardiac Surgery Under Cardiopulmonary Bypass

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    Nantes University Hospital
Updated on 26 November 2022
cardiopulmonary bypass


The investigators have previously reported that cardiac surgery with CPB ( cardiopulmonary bypass) in young infants induced a drastic reduction in mHLA-DR ( Human Leucocyte Antigen) expression, which represents one of innate immune mediator. Danger-Associated Molecular Patterns (DAMPs) can elicit immune response and may subsequentely induce an immune-suppressed state. The investigators hypothesize that CPB causes excessive DAMP release, leading to the development of immune suppression. Thus, DAMPs release will be assessed in patients undergoing CBP, and consequences on immune suppression will be evaluated.


Plasma levels of heat shock protein (HSP 70), high mobility group box (HMGB1), S100A9 and IL-33 will be measured at four time points (prior to the onset of CPB, Hour 6 postoperative, day 1 and day 3 after surgery). HLA-DR gene expression will be determined before surgery and at day 3 postoperative. The direct effect of DAMPs release and immune suppression will be assessed by in vitro experiments.

Condition Cardiac Surgery, cardiac operation, heart surgery
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04423523
SponsorNantes University Hospital
Last Modified on26 November 2022

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