Universal Exercise Unit Therapy With Sling Exercise Therapy on Lower Limb Kinematics in Chronic Stroke Patients

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    Riphah International University
Updated on 12 September 2021


Stroke occurred when blood supply to brain or a part of brain is disturbed due to clot (ischaemic stroke) or due rupture of small vessels (hemorrhagic stroke) in brain and causes bleeding in brain cells. The prevalence of stroke was 1.2 % (1200/100,000) in Pakistan, 3.1% in China and it is 44.29 to 559/100,000 in different parts of the world. Leading cause of stroke is hypertension. The aim of study will be to compare universal exercise unit therapy with sling exercise therapy on lower limb kinematics, disability, balance and quality of life in chronic stroke patients.


This will be randomized controlled trial. Study will be conducted at Khawaja Arshed Hospital Sargodha. Duration of intervention will be 08 weeks, 5 sessions in a week, total 40 sessions. Duration of single session will be one hour. A convenient sample of n patients fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria will be selected from in-patient settings of various hospitals from the city Sargodha and will be allocated randomly into three groups equally after taking informed consent. Group A will obtain Universal Exercise Unit Therapy. Group B will obtain Sling Exercise Therapy and Group C will be control and will receive routine physical therapy. Outcome will be measured at baseline, 04 weeks and 08 weeks. Outcome measurement tools will be Berg balance scale, Barthel index, Short form 12 (SF-12), Trunk impairment scale, functional reach test and smart phone motion analysis for lower limb kinematics. Scores will be measure in mean and SD. Results of intervention will be comparing by using one way ANOVA by using IBM SPSS version 21.0

Condition Chronic Stroke
Treatment Universal Exercise Unit Therapy (UEU), Sling Exercise Therapt (SET), Routine Physical Therapy / Control Group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05033873
SponsorRiphah International University
Last Modified on12 September 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patient with chronic (course of disease at least six month)
Recently discharge from in-patients setting with in 06 month of onset
Hemiplegia (either right or left)
Both gender
Age between 30 to 70
Medically stable
No balance disorders before this stroke
History of mental
illness or severe cognitive impairment (MINI-MENTAL SCALE SCORE > 25)

Exclusion Criteria

Stroke Patient with complication like shoulder hand syndrome, adhesive capsulitis or shoulder partial dislocation
Stroke patients with behavioral issue, significant cognitive deficit
Patients with arthritis and fracture
Chronic stroke with deformities
Serious viscera dysfunction, such as cardiovascular system
Lung, liver and kidney
History of mental
Illness or severe cognitive impairment (MINI-MENTAL SCALE SCORE > 25)
Audio-visual understanding
obstacle, unable to cooperate with instructions
Infection and ulcer skin
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