Testosterone Levels and Cutibacterium

  • End date
    Jan 1, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Washington
Updated on 10 September 2021


Phase 1: In 51 patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasties, total serum testosterone, free testosterone and sex hormone binding globulin levels obtained in the clinic before surgery were correlated with the levels of Cutibacterium on the skin in clinic, in the operating room prior to surgery, and in the skin incision.

Phase 2: The investigators wish to determine if preoperative serum testosterone levels are associated with risk for shoulder PJI (periprosthetic joint infection) in patients undergoing primary shoulder arthroplasty. Also to determine if preoperative serum testosterone levels are predictive of bacterial load of deep tissue cultures taken at the time of revision shoulder arthroplasty in patients undergoing primary shoulder arthroplasty.


Phase 1: 51 patients having elective shoulder arthroplasty were offered the opportunity to participate, consented and enrolled in this prospective clinical cohort study.

At a preoperative clinic visit, basic demographic information was collected along with the patient's response to a question about taking supplemental testosterone. A swab of the unprepared skin over the area of the intended surgical incision was obtained and sent for culture. At this clinic visit, a sample of the patient's blood was also obtained and submitted to our clinical laboratory for the levels of total serum testosterone, sec hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and free testosterone.

Immediately before surgery, another swab of the unprepared skin over the area of the intended surgical incision was once again obtained and sent for culture. After incision, a swab of the freshly incised dermis was obtained and sent for culture.

All 3 swabs that were obtained were observed for 21 days. The investigators analyzed the cultures to determine the presence and load of bacteria using a semiquantitative method, known as the Cutibacterium specimen value (SpCuV)

Phase 2: This phase will also involve a onetime pre-operative testosterone serum test. If the subject consents to participate, this additional sample of blood will be collected for a testosterone serum test during the routine pre-operative blood draw that all patients have before a shoulder arthroplasty regardless of research participation. The investigators will include cultures such as skin swabs taken at pre-operative clinic appointments, skin swabs taken at the time of surgery, incision swabs taken at the time of surgery, and discarded tissue from surgery using our standard protocol for specimens. For this study's outcome measures, the investigators will record the culture results from those clinical specimens and compare them to the testosterone serum test. Some subjects may also be a part of a long term follow-up study and the follow-up data (self-reported outcome measures, etc.) from that study will be included for analysis for those patients.

Condition Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05030220
SponsorUniversity of Washington
Last Modified on10 September 2021


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Inclusion Criteria

Patients having elective shoulder arthroplasty

Exclusion Criteria

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