Cochlear Implantation in Children With Asymmetric Hearing Loss or Single-Sided Deafness Clinical Trial

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 14, 2025
  • participants needed
    80
  • sponsor
    Washington University School of Medicine
Updated on 14 June 2022
cochlear implant
hard of hearing
audiogram
hearing screening
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

This is a two-phase study that compares performance growth pre-implant with current hearing aid (HA) technology versus post-implant with a cochlear implant (CI) in children with either asymmetric hearing loss (AHL) or single-sided deafness (SSD). Post-implant performance with a CI alone is expected to outperform pre-implant performance with a HA. The study also evaluates the effectiveness of bimodal hearing defined as a CI in the poor ear and a HA in the better ear for AHL or a CI in the poor ear and normal hearing in the better ear for SSD compared to pre-implant performance. The study examines factors contributing to CI outcomes.

Description

The study is conducted as a multicenter, prospective, two-phase clinical trial, evaluating the efficacy and safety of cochlear implantation in children with asymmetric hearing loss (AHL) or single-sided deafness (SSD). A hearing aid (HA) phase occurs over a minimum of 4 mos prior to obtaining a cochlear implant (CI). A CI phase occurs over the 15-month period after initial activation of the CI. The AHL/SSD groups are tested for change in performance pre- to post-implant. Investigators also collect longitudinal data over 12 months (matching the 3 to 15 month post-implant timeframe) from normal hearing (NH) participants to provide additional information about outcome trajectory due to development alone. The NH participants are matched to AHL/SSD participants on age, gender and parent education. Post-implant performance with a CI alone is expected to outperform pre-implant performance with a HA. The study evaluates the effectiveness of bimodal hearing defined as a CI in the poor ear and a HA in the better ear for AHL or a CI in the poor ear and normal hearing in the better ear for SSD compared to pre-implant performance. The study examines factors contributing to CI outcomes.

Details
Condition Asymmetric Hearing Loss, Single-sided Deafness, Unilateral Deafness
Treatment Cochlear Implant
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04793412
SponsorWashington University School of Medicine
Last Modified on14 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

At least 4 ys of age and up to 14 yrs, 11 mos of age and able to complete all investigational procedures
Parents and child fluent in English. Parents desire bilateral hearing for their child, are willing to comply with study requirements, including the pre-implant HA phase, and are able to provide informed consent
Poor ear (AHL/SSD): PTA at .5, 1, 2 kHz > 70 dB HL; Aided CNC word recognition score at 60 dB SPL < 40%; SPHL duration ≥ 6 mos and ≤ 10 yrs at time of CI surgery; If > 5 yrs of age, evidence of non-congenital SPHL onset (e.g., passed newborn hearing screening); If ≤ 5 yrs of age, no restrictions on SPHL onset
Better ear
AHL: PTA at .5, 1, 2, 4 kHz > 25 and ≤ 60 dB HL; Aided CNC word score at 60 dB SPL ≥ 55%; Currently using a HA; Stable hearing for the past 6-mo period. "Stable" is defined as thresholds that have not declined by more than 20 dB at three or more octave-interval audiometric frequencies
SSD: PTA at .5, 1, 2, 4 kHz ≤ 25 dB HL; CNC word score at 60 dB SPL ≥ 70%; Stable hearing for the past 6-mo period
Both ears of NH participants: PTA at .5, 1, 2, 4 kHz ≤ 25 dB HL
To continue with cochlear implantation and into the CI phase of the study: Indication, via imaging, of a normal cochlear nerve and of cochlear anatomy in the ear to be implanted that allows full insertion of the electrode array. Imaging modality is at the discretion of the surgeon. In addition, better ear hearing must be stable throughout the HA phase

Exclusion Criteria

Medical condition that contraindicates surgery; Actively using an implantable device in the ear to be implanted; Inability to complete study procedures; Unrealistic expectations related to the benefits and limitations of implantation; Unwillingness or inability to comply with all investigational requirements
Exclusions for cochlear implantation and the CI phase of the study: Cochlear malformation or obstruction that would preclude full insertion of the electrode array in the ear to be implanted; Abnormal cochlear nerve in the ear to be implanted; Hearing loss of neural or central origin
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