Neurocognition After Perturbed Sleep (NAPS)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 19, 2023
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Updated on 19 April 2022
antipsychotics
schizophreniform disorder

Summary

Individuals with schizophrenia display a wide range of neurocognitive difficulties resulting in functional impairment and disability. Extensive evidence indicates insomnia and sleep disturbances play a substantial role in degrading cognitive functioning. However, the putative impact of insomnia and sleep disturbances on neurocognition and daily functioning has not been investigated in people with schizophrenia. The goal of this study is to characterize sleep in individuals with schizophrenia and quantify its impact on neurocognition and daily functioning.

Description

Individuals with SZ display a broad range of neurocognitive difficulties that have been identified as major determinants of poor functioning and disability, thus representing an important public health concern and a focal target for interventions. Extensive research literatures converge in highlighting the critical role insomnia and sleep disturbances play in degrading neurocognitive functioning. Such sleep disturbances result in clinical presentations similar to neurocognitive difficulties commonly observed in people with SZ. While insomnia and sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in people with SZ, there are scant data on the impact of sleep disturbances on neurocognition in SZ, and no data quantifying their influence on daily functioning. Thus, sleep disturbances remain poorly understood and modeled in SZ, their impact is rarely considered in clinical trials, and they remain largely unaddressed by clinicians. To address this gap in knowledge, the primary aim of this study is to characterize sleep in individuals with SZ and quantify its impact on neurocognition and daily functioning. Employing an experimental, within-person, repeated assessment design, the study team will characterize sleep architecture, duration, and quality along with cognitive, electrophysiological, biomarkers and daily functioning sequelae in 40 individuals with SZ. Participants will first complete a week-long, in-home characterization of sleep duration and quality using actigraphy and a sleep diary. Next, they will complete two overnight polysomnography examinations employing two sleep schedules:

  1. undisturbed sleep; and 2) restricted sleep (4 hours). As part of these assessments, participants will provide blood samples for biomarkers analyses and complete EEG-indexed memory tasks pre- and post-sleep, along with a post-sleep battery of neurocognitive functioning.

Finally, participants will complete a 3-day ambulatory assessment using actigraphy and smartphones to explore the impact of each sleep schedule on "real-world" daily functioning including symptoms, emotion regulation, and mood.

Details
Condition Schizophrenia
Treatment Overnight polysomnography examinations
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05032963
SponsorIcahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Last Modified on19 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Females or males age 18-50 years
DSM-5 diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or schizophreniform disorder
Taking antipsychotic medication for >7 weeks and on current doses for 4 weeks, and/or injectable depot antipsychotics with no change in the last 3 months
Capacity to understand all the potential risks and benefits of the study

Exclusion Criteria

DSM-5 alcohol/substance diagnosis (except nicotine) within the last 6 months
Taking medications affecting sleep propensity or architecture (other than antipsychotic medication)
Initiation of medications known to impact cognition in previous 4 weeks or any change in doses during this period
History of seizures/head trauma with loss of consciousness (>10 min) resulting in cognitive sequelae
Medical or neurological conditions that could interfere with participation (e.g., untreated hypothyroidism
Mental retardation
Narcolepsy
REM behavior disorder, parasomnias)
Pregnant/ nursing
Serious homicidal/suicidal risk (past 6 months)
Moderate or more severe disorganization (PANSS≥4)
Poor English reading ability (WTAR<7)
Individuals employed as vehicle drivers/train operators or have occupations in which lapses in sustained vigilance would compromise safety
Night shift workers or those with irregular sleep-wake rhythms (based on the week-long home actigraphy; i.e., average bedtime of 11pm±2 hours)
Participation in the past 3 months in cognition study
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