ONC206 for Treatment of Newly Diagnosed or Recurrent Diffuse Midline Gliomas and Other Recurrent Malignant Brain Tumors (PNOC 023)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2025
  • participants needed
    256
  • sponsor
    Sabine Mueller, MD, PhD
Updated on 1 September 2021
platelet count
cancer
nitrosoureas
MRI
dexamethasone
cytotoxic chemotherapy
neutrophil count
tumor cells
temozolomide
brain tumor
malignant brain tumor

Summary

This phase I trial studies the effects and best dose of ONC206 alone or in combination with radiation therapy in treating patients with diffuse midline gliomas that is newly diagnosed or has come back (recurrent) or other recurrent primary malignant brain tumors. ONC206 is a recently discovered compound that may stop cancer cells from growing. This drug has been shown in laboratory experiments to kill brain tumor cells by causing a so called "stress response" in tumor cells. This stress response causes cancer cells to die, but without affecting normal cells. ONC206 alone or in combination with radiation therapy may be effective in treating newly diagnosed or recurrent diffuse midline gliomas and other recurrent primary malignant brain tumors.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability of DRD2 antagonist/ClpP agonist ONC206 (ONC206).

II. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ONC206 as single agent in children and young adults with diffuse midline glioma (DMG) who completed at least one line of prior therapy that included focal radiation therapy. (Arm A).

III. To determine the MTD of ONC206 in combination with focal radiation therapy in newly diagnosed children and young adults with DMG. (Arm B).

IV. To determine the MTD of ONC206 in combination with re-irradiation in children and young adults with first progression of DMG. (Arm C).

V. To determine the MTD of ONC206 in children and young adults with recurrent primary malignant brain tumors including participants with recurrent DMGs if they are not eligible for the other arms. (Arm D).

VI. To assess the concentration of ONC206 in tumor tissue from children and young adults with DMG and compare to plasma drug levels pre-surgery. (Target validation).

VII. To assess the concentration of ONC206 in tumor tissue in children and young adults with recurrent primary malignant brain tumors and compare to plasma drug levels pre-surgery. (Target validation).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To describe the pharmacokinetics associated with ONC206 without radiation therapy. (Arms A and D).

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine changes in cranial nerve scoring.

II. Determine clinical responses within the confines of a phase 1/expansion study.

III. Evaluate correlation of amount of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) with clinical outcome.

IV. Evaluate association of clinical outcomes with anatomic location of tumor, H3K27 mutation status and other partner mutations.

V. Pharmacodynamic (PD) effects in tumor tissue.

VI. Assess the overall response rate to ONC206 in patients with prior ONC201 exposure.

VII. Assess pharmacodynamics (PD) of ONC206 and perform exploratory pharmacokinetic (PK)-PD analyses to investigate and identify the relationship between drug exposure and clinical endpoints for both safety and efficacy.

VIII. To assess Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) outcomes.

VIIII. To assess patient and/or proxy satisfaction with study participation via patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ONC206. Patients are assigned to 1 of 4 arms.

ARMS A and D: Patients receive ONC206 orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1, 8, 15, 22. Cycles repeat every 28 days for up to 12 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARMS B and C: Patients undergo standard of care radiation therapy daily 5 days a week and receive ONC206 as in Arm A.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3 months for up to 5 years.

Details
Condition Glioblastoma Multiforme, WHO Grade III Glioma, Anaplastic Glioma, Diffuse Midline Glioma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Malignant Brain Neoplasm, glioblastoma, spinal cord glioma, Malignant Brain Tumors
Treatment ONC206, Standard of care radiation therapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04732065
SponsorSabine Mueller, MD, PhD
Last Modified on1 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

ARM A: Children and young adults with DMG (2-21 years of age) who completed at least one line of prior therapy. Prior treatment must have included focal radiation therapy and patients must be within 4-14 weeks from completion of radiation therapy and have no evidence of disease progression
ARM A: Tumor tissue confirmation of DMG is mandatory and pathology must be consistent with a DMG including DMG H3K27M mutant and World Health Organization (WHO) grade III and IV H3 wildtype gliomas. WHO grade II diffuse astrocytomas or other low grade gliomas without H3K27M mutation are not eligible
ARM A: Participants must have recovered from all acute side effects of prior therapy. From the projected start of scheduled study treatment, the following time periods must have elapsed: 5 half-lives from any investigational agent, 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days for temozolomide and 6 weeks from nitrosoureas), 4 weeks from antibodies and must be at least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic or small molecule agent. For any biologic or small molecule agent with known adverse events that can occur beyond 7 days after administration, the period prior to enrollment must be beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur (these should be discussed with the study team)
ARM B: Newly diagnosed children and young adults (2-21 years of age) with a diagnosis of DMG are eligible, including spinal cord DMGs
ARM B: Tumor tissue confirmation of DMG is mandatory and pathology must be consistent with a DMG including DMG H3K27M mutant and WHO grade III and IV H3 wildtype gliomas. WHO grade II diffuse astrocytomas or other low grade gliomas without H3K27M mutation are not eligible
ARM C: Children and young adults with DMGs (2-21 years of age) who have evidence of first progression but have not been treated for this progression and are recommended to get reirradiation
ARM C: Patients must have undergone prior focal radiation therapy as part of their initial therapy and should be at least 6 months from prior radiation therapy. If timing is less than 6 months from prior focal radiation, these patients need to be discussed with the study chair(s)
ARM C: Tumor tissue confirmation of DMG is mandatory and pathology must be consistent with a DMG including DMG H3K27M mutant and WHO grade III and IV H3 wildtype gliomas. WHO grade II diffuse astrocytomas or other low grade gliomas without H3K27M mutation are not eligible
ARM C: Participants must have recovered from all acute side effects of prior therapy
ARM C: From the projected start of scheduled study treatment, the following time periods must have elapsed: 5 half-lives from any investigational agent, 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days for temozolomide and 6 weeks from nitrosoureas), 4 weeks from antibodies and must be at least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic or small molecule agent. For any biologic or small molecule agent with known adverse events that can occur beyond 7 days after administration, the period prior to enrollment must be beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur (these should be discussed with the study team)
ARM D: Children and young adults with recurrent primary malignant brain tumors (2 - 21 years of age) who have evidence of progression but have not been treated for this progression
ARM D: Tumor tissue confirmation is mandatory and pathology must be consistent with recurrent primary malignant brain tumor (diagnosis of recurrent ependymoma is allowed)
ARM D: Participants must have recovered from all acute side effects of prior therapy
ARM D: From the projected start of scheduled study treatment, the following time periods must have elapsed: 5 half-lives from any investigational agent, 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days for temozolomide and 6 weeks from nitrosoureas), 4 weeks from antibodies and must be at least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic or small molecule agent. For any biologic or small molecule agent with known adverse events that can occur beyond 7 days after administration, the period prior to enrollment must be beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur (these should be discussed with the study team)
ARM D: Participants who are receiving dexamethasone must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 3 days prior to baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
TARGET VALIDATION: Newly diagnosed children and adults (2 years of age and above) with imaging consistent with a DMG are eligible
TARGET VALIDATION: Children and young adults with recurrent primary malignant brain tumors, including recurrent DMG, (2 years of age and above) who have evidence of progression but have not been treated for this progression
TARGET VALIDATION: Participants must undergo tumor tissue collection as part of their standard of care
Participants who are receiving steroids must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 3 days prior to baseline MRI scan
Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= neutrophil 1.0 g/l
Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 90 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender equal upper limit of normal
Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase (ALT)) =< 2 x ULN
Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if seizure disorder is well controlled
The effects of ONC206 on the developing human fetus is unknown. For this reason, females of child-bearing potential and males must agree to use adequate contraception. Adequate methods include: hormonal or barrier method of birth control; or abstinence prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Males treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study and for the duration of study participation
Karnofsky >= 50 for participants > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for participants =< 16 years of age. Participants who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
Subjects must be willing to provide archival formalin-fixed embedded (FFPE) and frozen tissue specimens for biomarker studies, if available
A legal parent/guardian or participant must be able to understand, and willing to sign, a written informed consent and assent document, as appropriate

Exclusion Criteria

Participants who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
Participants who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
Participants with a known disorder that affects their immune system, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or C, or an auto-immune disorder requiring systemic cytotoxic or immunosuppressive therapy are not eligible. Note: Participants that are currently using inhaled, intranasal, ocular, topical or other non-oral or non-intravenous (IV) steroids are not necessarily excluded from the study but need to be discussed with the study chair
Participants with uncontrolled infection
Female participants of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test prior to the start of therapy
Active illicit drug use or diagnosis of alcoholism
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ONC206
Inability to follow the procedures of the study, e.g. due to language problems, psychological disorders, dementia, etc. of the participant or family
Any participants with illnesses that may affect absorption of ONC206
Any participants on strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4, 2D6, 1A2, 2C9 and 2C19 at least 14 days prior and throughout the study
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