The Effects of Tranexamic Acid or Placebo on Perioperative Bleeding in Adults Undergoing Liver Transplantation.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 30, 2023
  • participants needed
    140
  • sponsor
    Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre
Updated on 2 September 2021
clot
stroke
tranexamic acid
venous thromboembolism
surgical blood loss

Summary

Around 230 million major procedures are performed worldwide each year. Postoperative complications after major surgery, especially in solid organ transplants, are associated with a significant increase in costs and mortality. Major bleeding episodes in major surgeries such as liver transplantation are related to a significant impact on morbidity and mortality.

In this multicenter study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of tranexamic acid when compared to placebo, administered after anesthetic induction and in continuous infusion during the procedure, on the rate of intraoperative bleeding in adult patients undergoing liver transplantation. Considering its mechanism of action and its pharmacological and clinical properties, we expect to observe a significant reduction in the bleeding rate and in the need for blood components in the perioperative period of adult patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation.

In this study, only adult ASA III to IV patients (18 to 70 years old), scheduled for orthotopic liver transplantation at the Hospital de Clnicas de Porto Alegre, Santa Casa de Porto Alegre and at the Hospital das Clnicas of the University of Sao Paulo will be included. Exclusion criteria consider patients with a history of acute arterial thrombosis or venous thromboembolism (<1 month), patients with a history of known thrombophilia, Budd-Chiari syndrome, primary biliary cholangitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, patients with reduced left ventricular function ( ejection fraction <40%), pulmonary hypertension, preoperative pulmonary edema, or severe preoperative hemodynamic changes requiring the use of vasoactive drugs, planned use of tranexamic acid systemically during surgery, hypersensitivity or known allergy to acid tranexamic, history of seizure disorder, patients who have recently suffered a stroke or myocardial infarction (<1 month), patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage in the last 30 days and patients previously undergoing cranial neurosurgery.

Major bleeding in this study will be defined as bleeding that results in hemoglobin 8.0 g / dL and the patient receiving a transfusion of 1 unit of red blood cells; results in a drop in hemoglobin 4.0 g / dL and the patient receives a transfusion of 1 unit of red blood cells; results in the patient receiving a transfusion of 4 units of red blood cells over a 24-hour period; or bleeding leading to surgical reintervention.

Description

In this study, only adult ASA III to IV patients (18 to 70 years old), scheduled for orthotopic liver transplantation at the Hospital de Clnicas de Porto Alegre, Santa Casa de Porto Alegre and at the Hospital das Clnicas of the Faculty of Medicine, will be included. Medicine at the University of So Paulo. All hospitals involved will be of equal importance, varying participation according to the number of liver transplant surgeries performed at the institutions. Patients with a history of acute arterial thrombosis or venous thromboembolism (<1 month), patients with a history of known thrombophilia, Budd-Chiari syndrome, primary biliary cholangitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, patients with reduced left ventricular function ( ejection fraction <40%), pulmonary hypertension, preoperative pulmonary edema, or severe preoperative hemodynamic changes requiring the use of vasoactive drugs, planned use of tranexamic acid systemically during surgery, hypersensitivity or known allergy to acid tranexamic, history of seizure disorder, patients who have recently suffered a stroke or myocardial infarction (<1 month), patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage in the last 30 days and patients previously undergoing cranial neurosurgery. Patients with chronic dialysis kidney disease or patients in need of a liver-kidney transplant will also be excluded from the study.

To calculate the sample size, considering a 95% confidence interval and an 80% power and aiming to detect a statistical difference in the incidence of major bleeding of approximately 24% in patients in the placebo group and 14% among patients exposed to tranexamic acid, a sample of 128 patients was estimated, approximately 64 patients for each study group. The main outcome considered for the calculation of the sample size was the presence of major bleeding requiring transfusion in the perioperative period (intraoperative and in the first 24 hours postoperatively). In order to overcome possible losses during the treatment protocol, the estimated sample will be increased by approximately 10% in its final number, totaling an estimated sample of 140 patients divided into two treatment groups or arms (70 patients for each study group) .

Major bleeding in this study will be defined as bleeding that results in hemoglobin 8.0 g / dL and the patient receiving a transfusion of 1 unit of red blood cells; results in a drop in hemoglobin 4.0 g / dL and the patient receives a transfusion of 1 unit of red blood cells; results in the patient receiving a transfusion of 4 units of red blood cells over a 24-hour period; or bleeding leading to surgical reintervention.

Bleeding in the postoperative period during the hospitalization of the patient in the intensive care unit (ICU) will be assessed by the nursing staff through the flow of abdominal drains routinely used in liver transplant surgery and recorded in medical records every six hours or before bleeding. increased. In addition to bleeding, clinical, hemodynamic and laboratory / gasometric parameters will be considered for clinical or surgical intervention in the patient.

The sample calculation for this study was based on two recent previous studies. An observational study demonstrated the need for transfusion of at least one unit of packed red blood cells in approximately 24% of liver transplants and a recent systematic review demonstrated a reduction of approximately 41% in the transfusion rate of blood components related to intraoperative administration of tranexamic acid when compared to placebo in patients undergoing major non-cardiac and non-orthopedic surgeries.

Details
Condition Hemorrhage
Treatment Tranexamic Acid
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04753151
SponsorHospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre
Last Modified on2 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult patients, ASA III to IV (18 to 70 years), scheduled for orthotopic liver transplantation

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with a history of acute arterial thrombosis or venous thromboembolism (<1 month), patients with a history of known thrombophilia, Budd-Chiari syndrome, primary biliary cholangitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, patients with reduced left ventricular function (ejection fraction <40%), pulmonary hypertension, preoperative pulmonary edema, or severe preoperative hemodynamic changes requiring the use of vasoactive drugs, planned use of tranexamic acid systemically during surgery, hypersensitivity or known allergy to acid tranexamic, history of seizure disorder, patients who have recently suffered a stroke or myocardial infarction (<1 month), patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage in the last 30 days and patients previously undergoing cranial neurosurgery. Patients with chronic dialysis kidney disease or patients in need of a liver-kidney transplant will also be excluded from the study
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