The Efficacy of Sodium Butyrate and Probiotics in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • End date
    Jul 31, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Nordic Biotic Sp. z o.o.
Updated on 29 August 2021
abdominal pain
abdominal symptom


According to current IBS management guidelines, probiotic administration reduces IBS-associated symptoms and improves the quality of life. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the combined formulation comprising microencapsulated sodium butyrate and a probiotic mixture of two Lactobacillus strains (L. rhamnosus and L. acidophilus) and three Bifidobacterium strains (B. longum, B. bifidum, and B. lactis) on the incidence and severity of clinical symptoms in patients diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) based on the Rome IV criteria.

Microencapsulated sodium butyrate is a short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) with biological effects on the gastrointestinal mucosa; it constitutes a key source of energy for enterocytes. Butyrate was shown to have a trophic effect on the colon epithelium and to help restore the disrupted structural and functional integrity of the gastrointestinal tract. These unique properties of sodium butyrate result in its beneficial effects on the abdominal symptoms (such as diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain) in patients with IBS. This study will assess the effects of the mixture of sodium butyrate and multi-strain probiotic on the rate and severity of clinical symptoms in IBS patients, by taking into account their nutritional status and body composition.


The study schedule includes five visits:the screening/baseline visit, whose purpose is to qualify patients to be included in the study, the randomization visit (visit 0), at which patients will be given a probiotic/butyric acid or placebo, and three follow-up visits (at weeks 4, 8, and 12 after randomization).

All patients will undergo:

  1. A physical examination - at each visit;
  2. Nutritional status assessment - at visit 0 and at weeks 4 and 12 of treatment;
  3. Anthropometric measurements - at visit 0 and at weeks 4 and 12 of treatment;
  4. Body composition analysis via bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with the use of a Bodystat machine - at visit 0 and at 4 and 12 weeks of treatment;
  5. Laboratory tests (including complete blood count; liver function tests; bilirubin, amylase, creatinine, CRP, and glucose levels; electrolytes; and an SARS-CoV2 antigen cassette test conducted by a doctor) at the screening visit; and cytokines (IL-6 and macrophage inflammatory protein 1 (MIP-1)) at visit 0 and at weeks 4 and 12 of treatment;
  6. Disease severity will be rated with the IBS symptom severity score (IBS-SSS) developed by Francis, Morris, and Whorwell, with mild, moderate, and severe cases indicated by scores of <175, 175-300, and >300, respectively. In addition, the following scales will be used to assess IBS treatment efficacy: IBS-Quality of Life (IBS-QOL), IBS-Global Improvement Scale (IBS-GIS), and IBS - Adequate Relief (IBS-AR).
  7. The number and type of bowel movements will be assessed with the Bristol Stool Formation scale.

Condition Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS- Pediatric), Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Treatment Maltodextrin, Probiotics and microcapsulated sodium butyrate
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05013060
SponsorNordic Biotic Sp. z o.o.
Last Modified on29 August 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Males and females aged from 18 to 70 years, inclusive
Good physical and mental condition assessed based on the patient's history and physical examination
Laboratory test results (complete blood count, blood chemistry panel) within normal limits or considered not to be clinically significant by the Investigator; negative SARS-CoV-2 antibody test
A voluntarily provided written informed consent
Diagnosis of IBS based on the Rome IV criteria, e.g. recurrent abdominal pain at least one day a week for the last three months, associated with two or more of the following symptoms (these should be present for the last three months, with the onset of symptoms six months before diagnosis)
related to defecation
associated with a change in stool frequency and/or
associated with a change in stool form (appearance)
Patients with any of the following forms of IBS will be included
IBS-D - more than 25% of BSF type 6 and 7 stools, and less than 25% of type 1 and 2 stools
IBS-C - more than 25% of BSF type 1 and 2 stools, with less than 25% of type 6 and 7 stools
IBS-M - more than 25% of BSF type 6 and 7 stools and also more than 25% of type 1 and 2 stools
at least moderate symptom severity defined as an IBS-SSS score of >175 (5 items, maximum score 500). 6. The following medications are allowed during this study, provided they have been used at a stable dose and for at least 1 month prior to the study
contraceptive pills or intramuscular contraceptives
hormone replacement therapy (estrogen/progesterone)
antidepressants at low doses (up to 25 mg of amitriptyline, nortriptyline, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor per day)
antihypertensives at low doses (diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors angiotensin receptor antagonists)

Exclusion Criteria

Unclassified IBS
Cardiovascular disorders: uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure >170/100 mmHg), cerebrovascular disease
Respiratory disorders (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD])
Hepatic impairment (including status post cholecystectomy), renal impairment, and unexplained blood biochemistry abnormalities: serum creatinine levels over twice the upper limit of normal, AST or ALT levels over twice the upper limit of normal
Gastrointestinal conditions other than IBS, including clinical or endoscopic diagnosis of gastroenteritis
Endocrine disorders, including diabetes mellitus (fasting blood glucose >11 mmol/L) and elevated TSH levels
Severe neurological conditions, with psychosis
Pregnancy or breastfeeding
Hypersensitivity to soy
Lactose intolerance
The use of gastrointestinal motility stimulants or dietary fiber supplements during the 2 weeks preceding the clinical study
The use of antithrombotic drugs
A surgical procedure scheduled during the course of the clinical study
Current probiotic use and refusal to undergo a 3-month washout period
Antibiotic therapy during the 3 months preceding the study
Antibiotic use during the study
Being included in another clinical study during the previous 3 months
History of alcohol or substance
Inability to strictly adhere to the Investigators' instructions regarding study procedures and protocol requirements.abuse
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