The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Effect on Rho-associated Coiled-coil Containing Kinases Activity.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 30, 2024
  • participants needed
    160
  • sponsor
    Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Updated on 30 September 2021

Summary

The ROCK (Rho-associated coiled-coil containing kinases) play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases and left ventricle hypertrophy (LVH). ROCK activity can be used as a clinical biomarker for the diagnosis and monitoring of cardiovascular disorders. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increase cardiovascular disease and LVH. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the standard therapy for OSA. This study investigate the effect of CPAP on ROCK activity and left ventricle mass.

Description

The ROCK were discovered as downstream targets of Ras homologous A and regulate various important cellular functions, including proliferation, migration, adhesion, and apoptosis. They play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, including cardiac fibrosis, hypertrophy, and remodeling. ROCK activity can be detected in human circulating leukocytes and could potentially be used as a clinical biomarker for the diagnosis and monitoring of cardiovascular disorders. It has been proven that higher ROCK activity is present in left ventricle hypertrophy (LVH) patients than those without LVH. Obstructive sleep apnea(OSA) is characterized by recurrent collapse of the pharyngeal airway during sleep that leads to intermittent nocturnal hypoxia, resulting in a broad range of cardiovascular morbidities, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, and LVH. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the standard therapy for OSA and several studies have shown that it can effectively reduce cardiovascular disease, but the effect of CPAP on left ventricle mass reduction is still uncertain. Previous studies demonstrated that patients with OSA had higher circulatory ROCK activity than those without OSA, but the role of CPAP on ROCK activity is not known. The circulatory leukocyte ROCK activity may be used as a clinical biomarker for cardiovascular disease and ROCK inhibitors may be used in the future as a treatment. OSA and CPAP treatment may also affect ROCK activity, the relationship between CPAP treatment, cardiac hypertrophy, and ROCK activity is important and should be clarified. Therefore, the main purpose of our study is to evaluate the effect of CPAP on ROCK activity and left ventricle mass.

Details
Condition obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, obstructive sleep apnoea, Obstructive sleep apnea
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05014529
SponsorChang Gung Memorial Hospital
Last Modified on30 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects who complete a standard polysomnography study

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who have heart failure (as determined by clinical symptoms or signs with elevated brain natriuretic peptide and echocardiography showing structural or functional abnormalities)
Coronary artery disease (stress electrocardiography, myocardial scintigraphy, or coronary angiography proven coronary artery lesion)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Known infiltrative disease e.g. amyloidosis
Chronic kidney disease severe than stage III
Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke
Central sleep apnea
Hypoventilation syndrome (TCO2 or artery PaCO2 exceed 50 mmHg)
Unstable hemodynamic state
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status higher than grade 2
Pregnant women will be excluded
Polysomnography exam showing sleep time less than 2 hours
Patients who receive surgery or oral appliance during the study period
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