Phase IIb Trial of Recombinant Novel Coronavirus Vaccine (Adenovirus Type 5 Vector) (Ad5-nCoV) in Adults 18 Years of Age and Older.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    876
  • sponsor
    Fundación Huésped
Updated on 1 October 2021

Summary

A randomized, double-blind, placebo -controlled, phase IIb clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of one or two doses of Recombinant Novel Coronavirus Vaccine (Adenovirus Type 5 Vector) in adults 18 years of age and older, living with HIV, on stable treatment, and virologically suppressed for at least 6 months

Protocol number: FH-58

Description

Primary Safety Objectives:

  • Evaluate the incidence of solicited adverse reactions within 7 days after vaccination.
  • Evaluate the incidence of unsolicited adverse events within 28 days after vaccination.
  • Evaluate the viral load 24 and 52 weeks after vaccination
  • Evaluate the incidence of serious adverse events (SAE) and medically attended adverse events (MAE) within 52 weeks after vaccination in all participants.

Primary Immunogenicity Objectives:

  • Evaluate the seroconversion rate of S-RBD IgG antibody on Day 28, Day 84 and Week 24 and Week 52 after vaccination, measured by ELISA.
  • Evaluate the immunogenicity of one versus two doses of the vaccine

Secondary Safety Objectives:

  • Evaluate the incidence of a decrease in CD4+ cell count by 20% at 24 and 52 weeks after vaccination.
  • Evaluate changes in the CD4/CD8 ratio at 24 and 52 weeks compared to the basal value.
  • To evaluate the efficacy of one or two doses of Ad5-nCoV in different age groups from 14 and 28 days to 24 and 52 weeks after vaccination. This will be evaluated by weekly participant contact to assess for any signs or symptoms of COVID 19.

Secondary Immunogenicity Objectives:

  • Evaluate the GMT of S-RBD IgG antibody on Day 28, Day 84 and Week 24 and Week 52 after vaccination, measured by ELISA.
  • Evaluate the GMI of S-RBD IgG antibody on Day 28, Day 84 and Week 24 and Week 52 after vaccination, measured by ELISA.
  • Evaluate the seroconversion rate of pseudo-virus neutralizing antibody on Day 28, Day 84 and Week 24 and Week 52 after vaccination.
  • Evaluate the GMT of pseudo-virus neutralizing antibody on Day 28, Day 84 and Week 24 and Week 52 after vaccination.
  • Evaluate the GMI of pseudo-virus neutralizing antibody on Day 28, Day 84 and Week 24 and Week 52 after vaccination.
  • Evaluate the positive rate and level of IFN-, TNF, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 stimulated by peptide pool of S protein on Day 28, Day 84 and Weeks 24 and Week 52 after vaccination, measured by intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) (in a subset of approximately 60 participants).

Exploratory Objectives

  • To evaluate the efficacy of one or two doses of Ad5-nCoV in preventing virologically confirmed (PCR positive) COVID-19 disease occurring 14 days and 28 days to 52 weeks after vaccination, regardless of severity.
  • To evaluate the efficacy of one or two doses of Ad5-nCoV in preventing virologically (PCR) or serologically (four-fold increase in SARS-CoV-2 anti-N IgG from preimmunization to post symptom, defined as Day 21-28 post illness blood test, or presymptom to post-symptom blood test) confirmed COVID-19 disease occurring 14 and 28 days to 52 weeks after vaccination, regardless of severity.
  • To evaluate the efficacy of one or two doses of Ad5-nCoV in preventing severe COVID-19 disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection from 14 and 28 days to 24 and 52 weeks after vaccination. Severe disease is defined as: 1) Clinical signs at rest indicative of severe systemic illness (respiratory rate 30 per minute, heart rate 125 per minute, SpO2 93% on room air at sea level or PaO2/FiO2 < 300 mm Hg), 2) Respiratory failure (defined as needing high-flow oxygen, non-invasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation or ECMO), 3) Evidence of shock (SBP < 90 mm Hg, DBP < 60 mm Hg, or requiring vasopressors), 4) Significant acute renal, hepatic, or neurologic dysfunction, 5) Admission to an ICU
  • Evaluate the efficacy of Ad5-nCoV in preventing asymptomatic disease of COVID-19 (confirmed by N IgG antibody on week 52 after vaccination).
  • Evaluate the severity of COVID-19 cases among vaccine recipients (based on WHO or FDA criteria) as compared to the control group, to measure antibody-mediated disease enhancement (ADE).
  • Evaluate for any evidence of SARS-CoV-2 virus shedding in COVID-19 cases that occurred 28 days to 52 weeks after vaccination (detection of viral nucleic acid every 2 days after being confirmed).
  • Perform genotyping of SARS-CoV-2 virus isolates of COVID-19 cases that occurred 28 days to 52 weeks after vaccination.
  • Evaluate incidence of suspected but unconfirmed cases of COVID-19 (either because of negative or no tests).

Details
Condition COVID19
Treatment Recombinant Novel Coronavirus Vaccine (Adenovirus Type 5 Vector) (Ad5-nCoV)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05005156
SponsorFundación Huésped
Last Modified on1 October 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adults of 18 years of age, and older
Confirmed HIV infection
At least two HIV plasma viral load (pVL) below 40 copies in the last 12 months, one within the last 60 days (value obtained at Screening visit can be used for the value within the last 60 days)
A CD4 count at screening equal or above 300 cells/mL and a CD4 percentage equal or above 15 % within the previous 60 days (value obtained at Screening visit can be used for the value within the last 60 days)
Participant must be on a stable highly active anti-retroviral treatment (HAART) for 6 months (unless the change is due to tolerability, in which case the regimen can be for only the previous 3 months) and with an estimated adherence of 80% within the last 60 days. - A HAART regimen (as defined by the Argentinean ART guidelines), means a combination of 2 NRTIs plus one INSTI or a NNRTI or a boosted PI or a dual combination of dolutegravir and 3TC
Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements
Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner/personal doctor and access all medical records when relevant to study procedures
Healthy adults, or stable-healthy adults who may have a pre-existing medical condition that does not meet any exclusion criteria. A stable medical condition is defined as disease not requiring significant change in therapy or hospitalization for worsening disease during the 3 months before enrollment
For females of childbearing potential only, willingness to practice continuous effective contraception (see glossary) for 30 days prior to enrollment in the study, for 90 days after receiving vaccination during the study, and have a negative pregnancy test on the day(s) of screening/ vaccination (First Injection Visit and Second Injection Visit)
Males participating in this study who are involved in heterosexual sexual activity must agree to practice adequate contraception (see glossary) and refrain from donating sperm for 90 days after receiving the study vaccination
Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the study
Provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

\. Participation in any other COVID-19 prophylactic drug trials for the duration of the study
Note: Participation in COVID-19 treatment trials is allowed in the event of
hospitalization due to COVID-19. The study team should be informed as soon as
possible. 2. Participation in SARS-CoV-2 serological surveys where
participants are informed of their serostatus for the duration of the study
Note: Disclosure of serostatus post enrolment may accidentally unblind
participants to group allocation. Participation in this trial can only be
allowed if volunteers are kept blinded to their serology results from
local/national serological surveys 3. Planned receipt of any vaccine (licensed
or investigational), other than the study intervention, within 14 days before
and after study vaccination 4. Prior receipt of an investigational or licensed
vaccine likely to impact on the interpretation of the trial data (e.g
Adenovirus vectored vaccines, any coronavirus or SARS vaccines) 5
Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three
months prior to the planned administration of the vaccine candidate 6. Any
confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state (other than
living with HIV, on stable treatment, and virologically suppressed for at
least 6 months); asplenia; recurrent severe infections and chronic use (more
than 14 days) of immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months
Topical steroids or short-term (course lasting 14 days) oral steroids are not
an exclusion 7. Active opportunistic infections or other AIDS-defining illness
in the last six months
\. History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any
component of Ad5-nCoV 9. Any history of angioedema 10. Any history of
anaphylaxis to any vaccine component 11. Pregnancy, lactation or
willingness/intention to become pregnant within 90 days after receiving study
vaccine 12. Current diagnosis of or treatment for cancer (except basal cell
carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ) 13. History of serious
psychiatric condition likely to affect participation in the study 14. Bleeding
disorder (e.g. factor deficiency, coagulopathy or platelet disorder), or prior
history of significant bleeding or bruising following IM injections or
venepuncture 15. Suspected or known current alcohol or drug dependency 16
Severe and/or uncontrolled cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease
gastrointestinal disease, liver disease, renal disease, endocrine disorder and
neurological illness (mild/moderate well-controlled comorbidities are allowed)
History of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 18. Continuous use of
anticoagulants, such as coumarins and related anticoagulants (i.e. warfarin)
or novel oral anticoagulants (i.e. apixaban, rivaroxaban, dabigatran and
edoxaban) 19. Any other significant disease, disorder or finding which may
significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in
the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or
impair interpretation of the study data
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