Androgen Ablation Therapy With or Without Niraparib After Radiation Therapy for the Treatment of High-Risk Localized or Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 7, 2026
  • participants needed
    200
  • sponsor
    M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Updated on 15 August 2021

Summary

This phase II trial studies the effect of androgen ablation therapy with or without niraparib after standard of care radiation therapy in treating patients with prostate cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body (localized) or that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Androgen ablation therapy (also known as hormone therapy) lowers the levels of male hormones called androgens in the body. Androgens stimulate prostate cancer cells to grow. There are 2 types of androgen ablation therapy given in this study: AAP + ADT and Apa + ADT. AAP + ADT is the treatment combination of the drugs abiraterone acetate and prednisone (AAP) given with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT, also known as androgen deprivation therapy or androgen suppression medication, which is used as standard of care to lower testosterone levels in men with high risk localized or metastatic prostate cancer). Apa + ADT is the treatment combination of the drug apalutamide (Apa) given with ADT. Androgen ablation therapy with or without niraparib after radiation therapy may help to control the disease in patients with prostate cancer.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Determine the efficacy of addition of adjuvant niraparib to maximal androgen signaling ablation (AAP + ADT) versus maximal androgen signaling ablation alone (Apa + ADT) following definitive radiation therapy (XRT) for biomarker-selected men with poor histopathologic response to neoadjuvant androgen signaling ablative therapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the safety and tolerability of adjuvant niraparib with androgen ablation versus androgen ablation alone following definitive XRT in the study population.

II. Determine the impact of the addition of adjuvant niraparib to maximal androgen signaling ablation (AAP + ADT) versus maximal androgen signaling ablation alone (Apa + ADT) following definitive XRT for biomarker-selected men with good and poor histopathologic response to neoadjuvant androgen signaling ablative therapy on overall survival III. Determine the impact of the niraparib + AAP + ADT and Apa+ADT treatment on eugonadal (non-castrate levels of testosterone) progression free survival.

IV. Determine the impact of favorable versus unfavorable histologic response on progression-free survival (PFS) in men who received maximal androgen signaling ablation prior to definitive radiation.

CORRELATIVE OBJECTIVE:

I. Collect and archive solid and liquid tumor samples, as well as normal blood samples for germline deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), immune, and metabolic profiles from all study patients for later hypothesis generating associations. Assess the relationship of histopathologic score with circulating markers and clinical outcomes of progression free survival for biomarker discovery.

OUTLINE

PART 1 NEOADJUVANT PHASE (CYCLES 1-3): Patients receive apalutamide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28, and physician's choice ADT. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PART 2 RADIATION PHASE (CYCLES 4-6): Within 30 days of completing Part 1, patients undergo radiation therapy. Patients also receive apalutamide PO QD on days 1-28 and physician's choice ADT. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PART 3 ADJUVANT PHASE (CYCLES 7 AND BEYOND): Patients with favorable response after Part 2 continue Apa + ADT. Patients with unfavorable response after Part 2 are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.

GROUP A: Patients receive apalutamide PO QD on days 1-28 and physician's choice ADT. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

GROUP B: Patients receive abiraterone acetate PO QD, prednisone PO twice daily (BID), physician's choice ADT, and niraparib PO QD. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up within 14 days, at 30-90 days, and then every 3 months for 3 years.

Details
Condition Malignant neoplasm of prostate, Stage III Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIIA Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIIB Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIIC Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IVA Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIC Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, prostate carcinoma
Treatment radiation therapy, prednisone, biopsy, antiandrogen therapy, abiraterone acetate, Niraparib, Apalutamide
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04947254
SponsorM.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Last Modified on15 August 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Completion of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures
Patients must agree to tissue collection for correlative studies at the specified timepoints
Male aged 18 years and above
Histologically or cytologically confirmed prostate carcinoma
Localized or regional high-risk disease as defined by at least one of the following features: Prostate specific antigen (PSA) > 20 ng/mL, T3a or higher, grade group 4-5 (i.e. Gleason score > 8) as per National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Prostate Cancer Version 2.2020 for high risk or very high risk prostate cancer, and/or regional lymph nodes positive for prostate cancer
Planned for definitive treatment of local regional prostate cancer using XRT and androgen ablation
Willing to undergo ongoing medical castration to maintain testosterone levels of =< 50 ng/dL (=< 2.0 nM) throughout systemic treatment or have undergone bilateral orchiectomy
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2
Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
White blood cells (WBC) > 3 x 10^9/L (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
No features suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML) on peripheral blood smear
Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (except for patients with known Gilbert's disease) (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration). (Note: In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin and if direct bilirubin is =< 1.5 x ULN, subject may be eligible.)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
Calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault Equation) >= 30 mL/min (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
Serum Albumin > 3.0 (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
Serum potassium >= 3.5 mmol/L (measured within 7 days prior to treatment registration)
Able to swallow study drugs whole as a tablet/capsule
Patients who have partners of childbearing potential (e.g. female that has not been surgically sterilized or who are not amenorrheic for >= 12 months) must be willing to use two methods of birth control including adequate barrier protection during the study and for 3 months after last dose of niraparib, abiraterone acetate, and/or apalutamide administration. In addition men should not donate sperm during this period. Please note that the efficacy of hormonal contraception may be decreased if administered with niraparib, abiraterone acetate, and/or apalutamide
Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up
Medications known to lower the seizure threshold must be discontinued or substituted at least 4 weeks prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria

Any prior systemic treatment for prostate cancer with the exception of ADT started within 3 months of trial enrollment. Any prior PARP inhibitor therapy
Patients who have prostate cancer with distant metastatic disease
Patients who have had prior major surgery (prostatectomy) or radiotherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer
Any unresolved toxicity (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade >= 2) from previous anti-cancer therapies
History or current diagnosis of MDS/AML, and/or history of any malignancy [other than the one treated in this study] which has a >= 30% probability of recurrence within 24 months (except for adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in-situ cancer of the cervix or Ta urothelial carcinomas)
Active uncontrolled infection (patients completing a course of antibiotic or antiviral therapy whose infection is deemed to be controlled may be allowed on study after discussion with the principal investigator [PI]; the PI will serve as the final arbiter regarding eligibility)
Active or symptomatic viral hepatitis or chronic liver disease
Active pneumonitis or extensive bilateral lung disease of non-malignant etiology
Any underlying medical or psychiatric condition, which in the opinion of the Investigator, will make the administration of study drug hazardous or obscure the interpretation of adverse events. Examples include, but are not limited to superior vena cava syndrome, extensive bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan, uncontrolled seizures, history of allogeneic organ transplant, history of primary immunodeficiency or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent
Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of study medication
Patients with a known hypersensitivity to niraparib, apalutamide, and/or abiraterone acetate
Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (e.g. infectious disease) illness
Seizure or known condition that may pre-dispose to seizure (e.g. prior stroke within 1year to randomization, brain arteriovenous malformation, Schwannoma, meningioma, or other benign central nervous system [CNS] or meningeal disease which may require treatment with surgery or radiation therapy)
Severe or unstable angina, myocardial infarction (within 6 months prior to enrollment), symptomatic congestive heart failure, arterial or venous thromboembolic events (e.g., pulmonary embolism, cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks), uncontrolled hypertension, or clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias within 6 months prior to randomization
Current evidence of any of the following
Gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption
Active uncontrolled infection (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] or viral hepatitis)
Any chronic medical condition requiring a higher dose of corticosteroid than 10 mg prednisone/prednisolone once daily
Avoid concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducers during abiraterone acetate treatment. If a strong CYP3A4 inducer must be co-administered, increase the abiraterone acetate dosing frequency
Avoid co-administration of abiraterone acetate with CYP2D6 substrates that have a narrow therapeutic index. If an alternative treatment cannot be used, exercise caution and consider a dose reduction of the concomitant CYP2D6 substrate
Baseline moderate and severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B & C)
Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study
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