"CAP" Fetge Gras. Lifestyle Modification Program in Catalonia.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    27
  • participants needed
    90
  • sponsor
    Hospital Clinic of Barcelona
Updated on 14 August 2021

Summary

The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether an online lifestyle modification program for people with Metabolic Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD) through a mobile application produces a significant reduction in liver steatosis and is associated with a higher rate of weight loss compared to standard recommendations currently indicated in Primary Care.

Description

Chronic liver disease are very common and potentially severe. For the most part, they are diagnosed in an advanced stage, which prevents the introduction of curative treatments.

MAFLD is currently the most common cause of chronic liver disease affecting approximately 25% of the world's population. MAFLD is characterized by an excessive accumulation of liver fat associated with insulin resistance (IR) which is defined by the presence of steatosis in> 5% of hepatocytes according to histological analysis.

Currently, the only effective strategy for treating MAFLD is weight loss. Several studies show that a 3-5% weight loss manages to reduce hepatic steatosis and associated metabolic parameters. Despite this, a reduction of at least 7-10% is required to improve fibrosis. Guidelines from the European Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (EASL) and the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) recommend following an energy-restricted diet adjusted to the Mediterranean diet, excluding MAFLD-promoting components (processed products and high in added fructose), and perform physical activity in order to achieve this goal. However, it is a difficult goal to achieve and maintain over time. Epidemiological evidence recommends implementing structured lifestyle modification programs with the goal of losing weight.

In people with MFGNA, participation in structured lifestyle programs may be compromised by work and time constraints. An application-based online intervention may be more appropriate for young people, people of working age, and those living far from primary care. EHealth technology is a possible resource for promoting behavior change but is a little-studied field in lifestyles modification of people with MAFLD. Given the lack of information regarding lifestyle modification programs in people with MAFLD as the main therapeutic intervention in Primary Care (PC), we consider to analyze the effectiveness of an online program based on the Mediterranean diet with calorie restriction, associated with specific goals of weight loss and physical activity, which allows to reduce hepatic steatosis of individuals with MAFLD.

This study, along with studies of early detection of chronic liver disease through liver elastography "LiverScreen", aims to be the beginning of the approach to chronic liver disease in Primary Care. The aim of this study is to evaluate a strategy for treating MAFLD.

Details
Condition Liver Disease, liver diseases, hepatic pathology, LIVER DISEASE, Lifestyle, Healthy, hepatopathy, hepatic disease, NAFLD, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, hepatic diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver, Liver Disorders, Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
Treatment Control group, Intervention CFG App
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04988633
SponsorHospital Clinic of Barcelona
Last Modified on14 August 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 18 years old
Fibroscan with a CAP 300 dB/m and liver stiffness <8 Kpa

Exclusion Criteria

Serious chronic disease (heart, respiratory, cancer, etc.)
Chronic liver disease
Chronic kidney disease (FGR <60ml/min)
Weight loss> 5% during the last three months
AUDIT- C> 8
Impossibility to follow the recommended diet (for religious reasons, swallowing problems, etc.) or inability to perform physical activity
Inability to follow the scheduled visits to the intervention (institutionalized individuals, lack of autonomy, inability to walk, lack of a stable home, travel plans, etc.)
Have been included in another weight loss advice program (>5 kg) during the 6 months prior to the selection visit (basal visit)
History of having followed a low calorie diet (<900Kcal/day) for the last 6 months
History of surgical procedures to lose weight or intend to undergo bariatric surgery in the next 12 months
Hemoglobin A1c 9%
History of resection of the small or large intestine
History of inflammatory bowel disease
BMI> 40 or obesity of known endocrine origin (with the exception of treated hypothyroidism)
Current treatment with systemic corticosteroids
Current use of medication for weight loss
Current treatment with steatogenic drugs
People participating in a clinical trial with drugs
Patients with mental incapacity, language barrier, bad social support or any other reason considered by the investigator precluding adequate understanding, cooperation or compliance in the study
Refusal to give informed consent
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