Testing the Addition of the Immune Therapy Drugs, Tocilizumab and Atezolizumab, to Radiation Therapy for Recurrent Glioblastoma

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 1, 2025
  • participants needed
    12
  • sponsor
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Updated on 20 July 2022

Summary

This phase II trial studies the best dose and effect of tocilizumab in combination with atezolizumab and stereotactic radiation therapy in treating glioblastoma patients whose tumor has come back after initial treatment (recurrent). Tocilizumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to receptors for a protein called interleukin-6 (IL-6), which is made by white blood cells and other cells in the body as well as certain types of cancer. This may help lower the body's immune response and reduce inflammation. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy uses special equipment to precisely deliver multiple, smaller doses of radiation spread over several treatment sessions to the tumor. The goal of this study is to change a tumor that is unresponsive to cancer therapy into a more responsive one. Therapy with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy in combination with tocilizumab may suppress the inhibitory effect of immune cells surrounding the tumor and consequently allow an immunotherapy treatment by atezolizumab to activate the immune response against the tumor. Combination therapy with tocilizumab, atezolizumab and fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy may shrink or stabilize the cancer better than radiation therapy alone in patients with recurrent glioblastoma.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) among three sequential dose levels: single-agent tocilizumab 4 mg/kg, single-agent tocilizumab 8 mg/kg, and tocilizumab 8 mg/kg + atezolizumab 1680 mg (each administered with fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy [FSRT]), to be used for subsequent phase II testing. (Safety Run-In) II. To determine the efficacy of the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1), and FSRT in recurrent glioblastoma (GBM), as measured by the objective radiographic response rate (ORR). (Phase II [Non-Surgical Cohort])

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with recurrent GBM treated with the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), and FSRT (and atezolizumab [anti-PD-L1], if dose level 3 is MTD). (Phase II Non-Surgical Cohort and Safety Run-in).

II. To estimate the overall survival (OS) in patients with recurrent GBM treated with the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R) and FSRT (and atezolizumab [anti-PD-L1], if dose level 3 is MTD)), atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1), and FSRT. (Phase II Non-Surgical Cohort and Safety Run-in) III. To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with recurrent GBM treated with the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1), and FSRT. (Phase II Surgical Cohort) IV. To estimate the overall survival (OS) in patients with recurrent GBM treated with the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1), and FSRT. (Phase II Surgical Cohort) V. To determine the rate and severity of adverse events (AEs) of the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1), and FSRT in recurrent glioblastoma according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v) 5.0. (Separately in the Nonsurgical and Surgical Cohorts)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the effect of the combination of atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1) and FSRT, with versus (vs.) without tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), on the GBM immune microenvironment (phase II surgical cohort).

II. To evaluate the pharmacodynamic impact of the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1), and FSRT on peripheral blood immune cell populations (phase II surgical cohort).

III. To detect tumor and/or blood biomarkers associated with the outcomes of OS, PFS, and/or ORR in patients with recurrent GBM treated with the combination of tocilizumab (anti-IL6R), atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1), and FSRT (phase II non-surgical cohort).

OUTLINE

SAFETY RUN-IN: Patients receive systemic treatment with either tocilizumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes with or without atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Within 3-7 days, patients undergo FSRT for 3 fractions over 3-5 days. Starting 4 weeks from the first dose of systemic treatment, patients resume treatment with tocilizumab with or without atezolizumab. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

GROUP I (NON-SURGICAL COHORT): Patients receive systemic treatment with tocilizumab IV over 60 minutes with or without atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes (dependent upon the results of the Safety Run-In) on day 1. Within 3-7 days, patients undergo FSRT for 3 fractions over 3-5 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Starting 4 weeks from the first dose of systemic treatment, patients resume treatment with tocilizumab with or without atezolizumab. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

GROUP II (SURGICAL COHORT): Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive systemic treatment with tocilizumab IV over 60 minutes with or without atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes (dependent upon the results of the Safety Run-In) on day 1. Within 3-7 days, patients undergo FSRT for 3 fractions over 3-5 days. Within 7-14 days after FSRT, patients undergo surgery. Within 21-24 days from the first dose of systemic treatment, patients resume treatment with tocilizumab with or without atezolizumab. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive systemic treatment with atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Within 3-7 days, patients undergo FSRT for 3-5 fractions over 3-5 days. Within 7-14 days after FSRT, patients undergo surgery. Within 21-24 days from the first dose of systemic treatment, patients resume treatment with tocilizumab IV over 60 minutes with or without atezolizumab. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months.

Details
Condition Diffuse Astrocytoma, IDH-Wildtype, Recurrent Glioblastoma
Treatment conventional surgery, Tocilizumab, Atezolizumab, Fractionated Stereotactic Radiation Therapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04729959
SponsorNational Cancer Institute (NCI)
Last Modified on20 July 2022

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