Young Adult Vaping Cessation: A Randomized Trial Examining Phone Coaching, Text-based Digital Intervention, and Nicotine Replacement Therapy ((RISE))

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Ohio State University
Updated on 27 October 2022
nicotine patch
nicotine replacement
nicotine product
Accepts healthy volunteers


The aim of this study is to test intervention components to help young adults quit vaping. A 2x2 factorial design will be used where all participants receive quitline-delivered behavioral phone counseling, and components to be tested are a digital intervention (with text and online cessation support) and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT).

The research questions and hypotheses for this study are:

  1. Which components and combinations of intervention yield the greatest success rates for exclusive vaping cessation among young adult exclusive e-cigarette users? H1: The complete condition (NRT + digital) will yield significantly higher rates of cessation compared to the control condition (quitline only).
  2. Does 8 weeks of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) improve initial cessation outcomes relative to no NRT.

H2: Providing NRT will yield significantly higher quit rates compared to the No NRT condition.

3. Do tailored text-messages and online support during cessation improve initial cessation outcomes relative to no digital content? Are young adult vapers engaged with and satisfied with digital cessation tools? H3: Digital support will yield significantly higher quit rates compared to no digital support.

H4: Higher engagement in digital content will be associated with higher cessation success rates.


The investigators will recruit a national, nonprobability sample of young adults (18-24 year olds) who vape nicotine. All study components will be delivered by phone, mail, online, and mobile device. All participants will receive up to 2 coaching calls and will be randomized to one of four groups: no NRT, no Digital; Digital, no NRT; NRT, no Digital; or NRT and Digital.

Participants (final sample size n = 504) must complete one coaching call to be enrolled in the study. The two coaching calls (approximately 10-20 minutes each) focus on 5 "keys" for quitting: setting a quit date, conquering urges, managing physical withdrawal symptoms (or addressing nicotine replacement needs for the NRT groups), vape-proofing environment, and social supports.

In this real-world trial, coaches will be trained to assess vaping use and dose NRT taking into account use frequency, nicotine level, and participant preference, leveraging quitline standard protocols. Participants may be sent up to 8 weeks (patch, gum, and or lozenge) of product in two shipments. Combination NRT (patch plus gum or lozenge) may be offered.

The digital cessation content includes a text messaging program with links to online education and support materials. The text program will be tailored to a participant's quit stage, and include education, tips, motivational messages, and assessment questions yielding tailored content. The online content (brief videos, audio podcasts, quizzes, etc) can be viewed in small segments via texted links. Participants can also engage with the online content by navigating through lessons or suggested content.

Condition Nicotine Dependence, E-Cig Use
Treatment Nicotine Patch, Phone counseling, Digital Coaching
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04974580
SponsorOhio State University
Last Modified on27 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Current, regular user of nicotine e-cigarettes (20+ days in the last month)
Exclusive e-cigarette user (no other tobacco in the last 30 days; or no other tobacco in the last 90 days if smoked 100+ cigarettes or cigarillos in lifetime)
Interest in quitting in the next 30 days
Ownership of a smartphone device
Ability to speak and read English

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnant or breastfeeding
Individuals with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder who do not report that their condition is currently effectively managed
Individuals who have experienced a heart attack or stroke in the two weeks prior, or who have been diagnosed with rapid/irregular heartbeat or angina in the six months prior to taking the eligibility screener
Other household members in study
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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