Rate of Bony Fusion Using NanoBone Synthetic Bone Graft Versus Local Autologous Bone Graft.

  • End date
    Apr 30, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Artoss Inc.
Updated on 31 July 2021


The objectives of this longitudinal study are to assess and measure fusion status (fused or not fused) and rate of bony fusion using NanoBone Synthetic Bone Graft in patients requiring one to two level lumbar posterolateral fusion procedures with or without commercially available rigid spinal instrumentation. Our hypothesis is that the Nanobone synthetic bone graft will be as effective at creating a fusion in the lumbar spine as compared with a local bone graft. Each subject will serve as their own control during this study, as patients will receive the Nanobone graft on the right side of their spine and the local bone graft on their left side.


Subjects will be recruited for this study from among those scheduled to undergo 1-2 level posterolateral spinal fusion procedures with bone grafting for degenerative disc disease or grade 1-3 spondylolisthesis. The study will entail each subject having a local bone graft placed on the left side of their spine, with Nanobone placed on the right side of their spine during the procedure. Eligible and consenting patients recruited for this study will be subject to the standard of care. This includes the following visits: preoperative, operative, post-discharge, 4 months postoperative, 1-year postoperative, and 2-years postoperative. They will be subject to standard of care imaging modalities including AP, lateral, and flexion/extension lumbar radiographs at pre-operative, post-discharge, 4-months postoperative, 1-year postoperative, and 2-year postoperative time points. Standard of care advanced imaging including a CT scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan will be performed pre-operatively. Patients will also receive standard of care clinical examinations and self-assessments at all clinic visits. Imaging obtained outside the standard of care for this study will include 1-year and 2-year lumbar CT scans to evaluate fusion. The 2-year lumbar CT scan will only be required if fusion has not been demonstrated at the time of the 1-year lumbar CT scan. Patients enrolled in this study who are treated with rigid pedicle screw fixation must be treated using rigid pedicle screw instrumentation appropriate for posterolateral spinal fusions.

Condition Intervertebral Disc Degeneration, degenerative disc disease, Spondylolisthesis
Treatment NanoBone
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04615260
SponsorArtoss Inc.
Last Modified on31 July 2021


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Inclusion Criteria

The individual has signed and dated a study specific informed consent form approved by the Institutional Review Board at UMMHC
The individual is 18 to 85 years of age
The individual is skeletally mature
The individual has been diagnosed with 1 or 2 level degenerative disc disease or spondylolisthesis grade 1-3 with or without spinal stenosis, requiring posterolateral spinal fusion surgery with bone grafting
The individual is physically and mentally willing and able to comply with the postoperative scheduled clinical and radiographic evaluations and rehabilitation

Exclusion Criteria

The individual has had any previous attempts at fusion, at any lumbar levels
The individual is morbidly obese (defined as 100 lbs over the recommended ideal weight as described in the Metropolitan Life Height and Weight Tables for Men and Women and or having a BMI >39)
Patients with osteopenia, osteoporosis, or osteomalacia to a degree that spinal instrumentation would be contraindicated
Patients with systemic collagen, bone or mineralization dysfunction (such as Paget's disease, osteogenesis imperfecta, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome)
Patients who suffer from uncontrolled diabetes mellitus type I or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus type II. (definition based on the glycosylated Haemoglobin level)
Patients who are suffering from autoimmune disease
Patients who previously underwent chemotherapy, immunosuppressive disease or radiation to the local area
Patients who received or are currently receiving corticosteroids (> 2 years > 5 mg prednisolone equivalent/d)
Patients with active local or systemic infection
Patients with any known active malignancy
Patients with other concurrent physical or mental conditions which are likely to affect their outcome
Patient unable to consent for themselves
Pregnant women
Non-English speaking subjects. These subjects are excluded because they would not be able to complete the English-language surveys required during this study. Only English language versions of these surveys have been validated
Patients less than 18 years old
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