Thresholds of Straight Leg Raise Maneuver During High-Resolution-Manometry

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 30, 2021
  • participants needed
    336
  • sponsor
    University of Milan
Updated on 31 July 2021

Summary

High resolution manometry (HRM) is a key test in the preoperative assessment of patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) who are potential candidates for antireflux surgery. The recent Lyon consensus suggested the potential usefulness of HRM in diagnosing GERD, however, sensitivity and specificity of HRM for GERD remains low (53.6% and 72.5% respectively). Among recently proposed provocative tests during manometry, a traditional maneuver (straight leg raise maneuver, SLR) appeared promising in predicting reflux.

This is a multicenter study involving high-volume esophageal function laboratories around the world. Patients with suspected GERD and tested with HRM and pH-impedance will be asked to perform SLR during HRM. Intra-abdominal and intra-esophageal pressure during SLR will be recorded and compared with acid exposure time (AET) at pH-impedance.

Primary aim is to determine the optimal threshold of intra-esophageal pressure augmentation during straight leg raise (SLR) maneuver that predicts pathological esophageal acid exposure time (AET). Secondary aim is to assess the diagnostic performance of HMR with SRL maneuver, calculating sensitivity, specificity, false-positive rate (FPR), false-negative rate (FNR), positive predictive value and total misclassification rate.

Description

It has been demonstrated a low sensitivity and specificity of HRM for GERD (53.6% and 72.5% respectively), since there was a significant overlap between patients and controls in the majority of parameters. Masuda et al. attempted to improve HRM accuracy using a comprehensive index and new parameters, such as the backflow preventive and promotive pressure through the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Although a significant correlation between reflux burden and the new index was found, sensitivity and specificity of HRM for GERD remained unchanged.

Recently, provocative tests have been added to the standard protocol of HRM studies. Among these, a traditional maneuver in water perfused manometry (straight leg raise maneuver, SLR) appeared promising in predicting reflux even with HRM.

A multicenter study with a large number of patients could provide more precise thresholds to predict pathologic esophageal acid exposure time and proof of real-life generalizability of SLR.

A thorough clinical evaluation will be performed. GerdQ, GERD Health Related Quality of Life (GERD-HRQL) and Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) questionnaires will be administered. HRM will be performed according to the standard protocol defined by Chicago Classification 4.0. Upon completion of the test, the SLR maneuver will be performed. With the patient in supine position, one leg is raised to form an angle of at least 45 degrees with the bed. The patient will be asked to keep that position for at least 5 seconds. The maneuver will be repeated after 20-30 seconds. The first adequate maneuver will be considered for the study. Intra-esophageal and intra-abdominal pressure will be analyzed both during baseline and SLR maneuver. Intra-esophageal pressure is measured as peak and mean over 5 seconds, 1 cm and 5 cm above the proximal margin of the LES. Intra-abdominal pressure will be measured as peak and mean over 5 seconds 1 cm below the distal margin of the diaphragm notch.

Primary aim is to determine the optimal threshold of intra-esophageal pressure augmentation during straight leg raise (SLR) maneuver that predicted pathological esophageal acid exposure time (AET). Secondary aim is to assess the diagnostic performance of HMR with SRL maneuver in patients with GERD symptoms, calculating sensitivity, specificity, false-positive rate (FPR), false-negative rate (FNR) and total misclassification rate.

The Principal Investigator will maintain research data on an encrypted file server with access controls only accessible to approved study investigators. Research records will be de-identified using coded subject identifiers prior to transfer from sites to the Principal Investigator to protect patient confidentiality. Study data will be maintained by the Principal Investigator and deleted 3 years after the end of the study.

Data from each site will be electronically transferred to Principal Investigator. The electronic copy will contain no patient identifying data elements such as name, date of birth, medical record numbers. Participating institutions will create unique patient participant numbers based on a standard formula allocated by Principal investigator (two digit institution code, two digit patient identifier, 01-20).

Details
Condition Gastroesophageal Reflux, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), gastroesophageal reflux disease, esophageal reflux, gerd, gastric reflux, gastro-oesophageal reflux
Treatment Straight leg raise maneuver
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04813029
SponsorUniversity of Milan
Last Modified on31 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

For the depressed patient arm
Newly-presenting clinic patients (<3 months)
Mild to Moderately-Severe Depressive Symptoms with PHQ-9 score >5 but <20
Not suicidal (PHQ-9 question 9 score >2)
Not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) at screening
Outpatient, not requiring hospitalization
For the non-depressed patient arm
Newly-presenting clinic patients (<3 months)
Not suicidal (PHQ-9 question 9 score >2)
Not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) at screening
Outpatient, not requiring hospitalization

Exclusion Criteria

No additional exclusion criteria
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