A Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab Plus Investigational Agents in Combination With Etoposide and Cisplatin or Carboplatin for the First-Line Treatment of Participants With Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer (KEYNOTE-B99)

  • End date
    Jul 14, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Updated on 15 October 2022
Toll Free Number
Primary Contact
Hamilton Health Sciences-Juravinski Cancer Centre ( Site 2003) (6.3 mi away) Contact
+44 other location
measurable disease
cancer chemotherapy


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of investigational agents (MK-4830, MK-5890 and Lenvatinib (MK-7902)) in combination with pembrolizumab and etoposide/platinum chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of participants with extensive-stage small cell Lung Cancer (ES-SCLC). No formal hypothesis testing will be performed for this study.

Condition Small Cell Lung Cancer
Treatment cisplatin, etoposide, carboplatin, Pembrolizumab, Lenvatinib, MK-5890, MK-4830
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04924101
SponsorMerck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Last Modified on15 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Has histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) in need of first-line therapy
Has ES-SCLC defined as Stage IV (T any, N any, M1a/b/c) by the American Joint Committee on Cancer, Eighth Edition
Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following during the intervention period and for at least the time needed to eliminate each study intervention after the last dose of study intervention. The length of time required to continue contraception for each study intervention is as follows: Lenvatinib (7 days); Etoposide, Cisplatin, or Carboplatin (180 days) and Pembrolizumab, MK-4830, or MK-5890 (no contraception measures); refrain from donating sperm plus either be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long-term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent or must agree to use contraception per protocol unless confirmed to be azoospermic
A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies: Is not a woman/women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) or is a WOCBP and uses a contraceptive method that is highly effective with low user dependency or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long-term and persistent basis), during the intervention period and for at least the time needed to eliminate each study intervention after the last dose of study intervention and agrees not to donate eggs to others or freeze/store for her own use for the purpose of reproduction during this period. The length of time required to continue contraception for each study intervention is as follows: Lenvatinib (30 days), Etoposide, Cisplatin, or Carboplatin (180 days), and Pembrolizumab, MK-4830, or MK-5890 (120 days)
A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive pregnancy test (urine or serum as required by local regulations) within 24 hours (urine test) or 72 hours (serum test) before the first dose of study intervention
Has measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by local site investigator/radiology and verified by blinded independent central review (BICR)
Abstains from breastfeeding during the study intervention period and for at least 120 days after study intervention
Submits an archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained core, incisional, or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated where such sample exist
Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 assessed within 7 days before randomization
Has adequate organ function within 10 days before the first dose of study intervention
Has adequately controlled blood pressure (BP) with or without antihypertensive medications, defined as BP ≤150/90 mm Hg with no changes in antihypertensive medications within 1 week before randomization

Exclusion Criteria

Has had major surgery within 3 weeks before first dose of study interventions
Has a preexisting ≥Grade 3 gastrointestinal or non-gastrointestinal fistula
Has urine protein ≥1 g/24 hours
Has a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below the institutional (or local laboratory) normal range, as determined by multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO)
Prolongation of QT interval with Fridericia's correction (QTcF) interval to >480 ms
Has clinically significant cardiovascular disease or major arterial thromboembolic event within 12 months before first dose of study intervention, including New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, cerebral vascular accident, or cardiac arrhythmia associated with hemodynamic instability
Has active hemoptysis within 3 weeks before the first dose of study intervention
Has gastrointestinal malabsorption or any other condition that might affect oral study intervention absorption
Has serious nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture within 28 days before first dose of study intervention
Has any major hemorrhage or venous thromboembolic events within 3 months before the first dose of study intervention. Participants with venous thrombosis diagnosed more than 3 months before the first dose of study intervention must be on stable doses of anticoagulants
Has a history of inflammatory bowel disease
Has a history of a gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months before the first dose of study intervention
Is considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder or nonmalignant systemic disease
Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death 1 protein (anti-PD-1), anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti programmed cell death ligand 2 (anti-PD-L2) agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or coinhibitory T-cell receptor
Has received prior treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgical resection) including investigational agents for SCLC
Is expected to require any other form of antineoplastic therapy for SCLC, including radiation therapy, while on study
Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study intervention
Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks before the first dose of study intervention
Has radiographic evidence of encasement or invasion of a major blood vessel, or of intratumoral cavitation. A participant that meets this exclusion criterion but is otherwise deemed eligible for the study may be randomized across the specific intervention groups
Has symptomatic ascites, pleural effusion, or pericardial effusion. A participant who is clinically stable following treatment for these conditions is eligible
Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study intervention
Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years
Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with brain metastases may participate only if they satisfy all of the following: a) Completed treatment at least 14 days before the first dose of study intervention b) Have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases confirmed by posttreatment repeat brain imaging performed at least 4 weeks after pretreatment brain imaging, and c) Are neurologically stable without the need for steroids for at least 7 days before the first dose of study intervention as per local site assessment. Participants with untreated brain metastases will be allowed if they are asymptomatic, the investigator determines there is no immediate CNS-specific treatment required, there is no significant surrounding edema, and the brain metastases are of 5 mm or less in size and 3 or fewer in number
Has a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any study intervention and/or any of its excipients
Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years
Has a history of (noninfectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease
Has a known history of, or active, neurologic paraneoplastic syndrome
Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and/or Hepatitis B virus infection or an active Hepatitis C infection
Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, laboratory abnormality, or other circumstance that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, such that it is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study
Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant
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