Efficacy Study of 4CMenB (Bexsero ) to Prevent Gonorrhoea Infection in Gay and Bisexual Men

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 22, 2024
  • participants needed
    730
  • sponsor
    Kirby Institute
Updated on 22 July 2021

Summary

This is a Phase 3, double-blinded, randomised placebo-controlled, multi-centred trial evaluating the efficacy of the four-component meningococcal B vaccine, 4CMenB (Bexsero), in the prevention of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection.The targeted population is 18-40 years-old men (cis and trans), trans women and non-binary people who have sex with men (hereafter referred to as Gay Bisexual Men+ [GBM+], either HIV-negative and taking pre-exposure prophylaxis [PrEP], or HIV-positive with undetectable viral load <200copies/ml and a cluster of differentiation 4 [CD4] count >350 cells/cmm) who have high N. gonorrhoeae incidence and are recommended by Australian guidelines to have regular, comprehensive sexual health screening. 730 participants will be enrolled and randomised 1:1 and stratified by clinical sites to receive two doses of 4CMenB vaccine or a matching placebo at 0 and 3 months by intramuscular injection. Recruitment is for 12 months and all participants will be follow-up 3-monthly for a period of 2 years. The trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of 4CMenB in the prevention of N. gonorrhoeae infection.

Description

This is a Phase 3, double-blinded, randomised placebo-controlled, multi-centred trial evaluating the efficacy of the four-component meningococcal B vaccine, 4CMenB (Bexsero), in the prevention of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection.The target population for this trial is GBM+, either HIV-negative and on PrEP or HIV-positive, who had a diagnosis of gonorrhoea or infectious syphilis in the last 18 months (a key characteristic associated with greater gonorrhoea risk). This population has the highest known gonococcal incidence and are recommended under Australian guidelines to attend clinics 3-monthly for comprehensive sexual health screening, including Nuclei acid amplification test (NAAT)-based screening of urine, and pharyngeal and anal specimens for N. gonorrhoeae infection. 730 participants will be enrolled and randomised 1:1 and stratified by clinical sites to receive two doses of 4CMenB vaccine or a matching placebo at 0 and 3 months by intramuscular injection. Recruitment will occur over a 12-month period and all participants will be followed up 3-monthly over a period of 2 years. Participants, their study clinicians and study researchers assessing the outcomes will be blinded to the treatment arm (vaccine or placebo). Participants will be required to attend approximately 10 study visits. Participants may attend additional visits if they have been diagnosed with gonorrhoea infection (symptomatic or asymptomatic) or have a postitive gonorrhoea NAAT test when they return for test of cure. Potentially eligible individuals will be screened within 14 days of baseline (the visit when the first dose of study treatment is administered). Randomisation can be conducted any time between screening and baseline. Screening, randomisation and baseline can occur on the same day if the required HIV result(s) and drug kit (containing 4CMenB or placebo) are available for a participant in the clinic. At screening, study clinicians will conduct the informed consent process with a participant and the informed consent will be signed by both the study clinician and the participant. Eligibility criteria will be checked and a review of medical history (including vaccination history for 4CMenB, prior known meningococcal disease, recent history of sexually transmitted infections [STIs], history of taking PrEP [for HIV negative individuals] as well as antibiotic use in the last 3 months) will be conducted. Routine blood, urine and swabs will be collected, and urine pregnancy test will be performed in participants with child-bearing potential. Symptoms of urethritis, proctitis, epididymitis, and cervicitis/vaginitis will be documented. At randomisation (which can occur anytime within screening an baseline), participants will be randomised to receive either the 4CMenB vaccine or the placebo. At the baseline visit, research blood specimen and an oral mucosal exudate swab for immune responses testing will be collected before the administration of the first dose of the study treatment. A 10-minute study questionnaire will be completed by the participants. Participants will return to their study site 3 months after the first dose of study treatment to receive the second dose. Prior to the treatment administration, urine pregnancy test (in participants with child-bearing potential) will be conducted. Symptoms of urethritis, proctitis, epididymitis, and cervicitis/vaginitis will be documented. History of antibiotic use in the last 3 months will also be collected. If a participant has tested positive for gonorrhoea infection, routinely collected culture isolates and NAAT samples will be stored in a study research laboratory for phenotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) testing and genotyping. Routine blood, urine and swabs will also be collected. Adverse events and serious adverse events (SAEs) will be recorded but only SAEs will be entered into the study electronic data capture system, and reported to the Sponsor in real time. Three-monthly visits will be conducted over a period of 2 years. The study aims to evaluate the efficacy of 4CMenB in the prevention of N. gonorrhoeae infection.

Details
Condition Gonorrhea, Neisseria Gonorrheae Infection
Treatment Placebo, 4CMenB vaccine, 4CMenB vaccine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04415424
SponsorKirby Institute
Last Modified on22 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Between 18 to 40 years of age
Men (cis and trans), trans women and non-binary people who have had sex with at least one man in the last 6 months
Diagnosis of gonorrhoea or infectious syphilis in the last 18 months
Committed not to take doxycycline as prophylaxis for the duration of the trial
Able to understand spoken and written English
Willing and likely to comply with the trial procedures for 2 years
Agree to be contacted via short message service (SMS)/phone/ email by the study team
AND EITHER
HIV-negative (with an HIV negative antibody test within 4 months of screening) and taking HIV PrEP (daily PrEP or on-demand PrEP) within the last 4 months at the time of enrolment or
HIV-positive and on an antiviral regimen, with an undetectable virus level of <200 copies/ml and a CD4 count >350 cells/cmm (to optimise the immune response to vaccine) within 12 months of screening

Exclusion Criteria

Have a previous history of vaccination for meningococcal B with 4CMenB
Have contraindications to receiving the meningococcal B vaccine which include
Anaphylaxis following a previous dose of any meningococcal vaccine
Anaphylaxis following any vaccine component
Are participating in biomedical prevention strategies for bacterial STIs (participation in diagnostic or treatment studies is not an exclusion)
Are taking long-term (> 4 weeks) antibiotic for prophylaxis or treatment for acne, malaria, syphilis or other bacterial condition(s)
Have defects in, or deficiency of, complement components, including factor H, factor D or properdin deficiency
Are taking or will receive complement inhibitors such as eculizumab (a monoclonal antibody directed against complement component C5) or ravulizumab
Have functional or anatomical asplenia, including sickle cell disease or other haemoglobinopathies, and congenital or acquired asplenia
Have had a haematopoietic stem cell transplant
Have any major unstable medical condition or therapy that may cause immune compromise (e.g. chemotherapy, radiation, corticosteroids [prednisone >5mg/day] within 14 days prior to screening)
Documented allergy to latex and/or kanamycin
Have prior known meningococcal disease
Positive pregnancy test at screening
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