Effectiveness of Combined Levetiracetam and Midazolam in Generalized Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Children

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    144
  • sponsor
    Sohag University
Updated on 27 June 2022

Summary

Generalized status epilepticus is a common pediatric neurological emergency with significant mortality and morbidity. Benzodiazepines remain the first anticonvulsive line but benzo-diazepines don't control seizures in about 30% of cases. GCSE may be more rapidly stopped and controlled through combining another drug with benzodiazepines such as Levetiracetam, acting by different pathways. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of combined levetiracetam and midazolam in treatment of generalized convulsive status epilepticus in children.

Description

Generalized convulsive status epilepticus (GCSE) is a common pediatric neurological emergency with an annual incidence of up to 73 episodes per 100,000 children and is associated with mortality in 2.7% of cases and overall morbidity in 10% - 20% of cases, including hemodynamic instability and long-term neurological impairments.

The management of GCSE in children starts with emergency measures (stabilization phase) with monitoring and laboratory testing in the first 5 minutes. Benzodiazepines are used as first-line anticonvulsants for GCSE that persists for more than 5 minutes. However, studies have shown that benzo-diazepines don't control GCSE in about 30% of patients. GCSE may be more rapidly stopped and controlled through combining another drug with benzodiazepines, acting by different pathways.

Levetiracetam is a recent broad-spectrum antiepileptic drug with a relatively high safety profile. The effectiveness of intravenous levetiracetam has been demonstrated as a second-line anticonvulsant in GCSE. In this study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of levetiracetam plus midazolam versus midazolam alone as first-line therapy of GCSE in children.

Details
Condition Status Epilepticus, convulsive status epilepticus
Treatment Placebo, Midazolam, Levetiracetam
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04926844
SponsorSohag University
Last Modified on27 June 2022

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