Combination of NMDA-enhancing and Antioxidant Treatments for Schizophrenia

  • End date
    Mar 20, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    China Medical University Hospital
Updated on 4 October 2022


Previous studies found that some NMDA-enhancing agents were able to improve clinical symptoms of patients with schizophrenia. In addition, several drugs with antioxidant properties have been tested in clinical trials for the treatment of schizophrenia too. Whether combined treatment of an NMDA-enhancing agent and a drug with antioxidant property can be better than an NMDA-enhancing agent alone deserves study.


Several lines of evidence suggest that both NMDA and oxidative stress hypotheses have been implicated in schizophrenia. Previous studies found that some NMDA-enhancing agents were able to augment efficacy of antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia. In addition, several drugs with antioxidant properties have been tested in clinical trials for the treatment of schizophrenia too. Whether a drug with antioxidant property can strengthen the efficacy of an NMDA-enhancer (NMDAE) in the treatment of schizophrenia remains unknown. Therefore, this study aims to compare NMDAE plus a drug with antioxidant property and NMDAE plus placebo in the treatment of schizophrenia. The subjects are the schizophrenia patients who remain symptomatic while having been stabilized with antipsychotic treatment. They keep their original treatment and are randomly, double-blindly assigned into two treatment groups for 12 weeks: (1) NMDAE plus Antioxidant agent (AO), or (2) NMDAE plus placebo. Clinical performances and side effects are measured at weeks 0, 2, 4, 6, 9, and 12. Cognitive functions are assessed at baseline and at endpoint of treatment by a battery of tests. The efficacies of NMDAE plus AO and NMDAE plus placebo will be compared.

Chi-square (or Fisher's exact test) will be used to compare differences of categorical variables and t-test (or Mann-Whitney test if the distribution is not normal) for continuous variables between treatment groups. Mean changes from baseline in repeated-measure assessments will be assessed using the generalized estimating equation (GEE). All p values for clinical measures will be based on two-tailed tests with a significance level of 0.05.

Condition Schizophrenia
Treatment NMDAE plus Placebo Cap, NMDAE plus AO
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04959201
SponsorChina Medical University Hospital
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Have a DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association) diagnosis of schizophrenia
Remain symptomatic but without clinically significant fluctuation, while their antipsychotic doses are unchanged for at least 3 months and will be maintained during the period of the 12-week trial
PANSS total score ≥ 60
Agree to participate in the study and provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

DSM-5 diagnosis of intellectual disability or substance (including alcohol) use disorder
History of epilepsy, head trauma, stroke, or serious medical or central nervous system diseases (other than schizophrenia) which may interfere with the study
Clinically significant laboratory screening tests (including blood routine, biochemical tests)
Pregnancy or lactation
Inability to follow protocol
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note