Dynamic Change and Immune Response to Nasopharyngeal Carriage and Acute Otitis Media Pathogens

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Rochester General Hospital
Updated on 23 July 2021


The investigators seek to conduct a prospective, longitudinal study to identify the dynamic changes in nasopharyngeal (NP) colonization patterns and acute otitis media (AOM) etiology involving antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) and Haemophilus influenzae (Hflu).


The investigator's proposed study design involves 2 cohorts. Cohort 1: Collection of middle ear fluid(MEF), NP samples and blood at onset of AOM from otitis prone children and those who have AOM antibiotic treatment failure since these children more frequently harbor antibiotic resistant strains. Children will then be followed prospectively thereafter, collecting NP samples at pre-determined time points when the children are healthy (see cohort 2) and MEF, NP samples and blood if subsequent AOM infections occur. Cohort 2: Healthy children from whom we will prospectively collect NP samplings and blood at any of 7 pre-determined time points (age 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 24, and/or 30-36 months old as they occur within the study time-frame) to assess commensal carriage of Spn and Hflu. MEF will be obtained from the participants at any AOM occurring, including the first and any subsequent AOM infection. Concurrently detailed demographic, vaccination, epidemiologic and risk factor data known to influence AOM epidemiology will be collected, providing scientific rigor.

Viral respiratory infections will be another focus during this project. The investigators will characterize dynamic changes in patterns of viral co-infections at onset of AOM including the common respiratory viruses RSV A, B, influenza A, B, parainfluenzae virus type 3, rhinovirus, enterovirus, human metapneumovirus, human bocavirus, adenovirus B, C and SARS-CoV-2. The studies will involve viral identification, evaluation of viral/bacterial (otopathogen) interactions and mucosal and systemic immune responses.

The investigators have identified multiple deficiencies in innate and adaptive immunity among young children who are AOM prone and introduced the term "prolonged neonatal-like immune profile (PNIP) because of striking similarities that resemble neonatal immunity. Another focus of this project will be to expand understanding of the central immune deficiencies of APM prone children using blood samples.

A a serum correlate of protection has been defined to predict the effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines using blood samples linked to occurrence of NP colonization and AOM events in recent past work. Blood will be used to continue this work.

Condition Acute Otitis Media
Treatment Blood draw, Tympanocentesis, Tympanocentesis, Nasal Phalangeal Swab and Wash
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04946084
SponsorRochester General Hospital
Last Modified on23 July 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male or female subject age 6 to 12 months + 30 days at the time of enrollment when healthy or up to 36 months old + 30 days with an ear infection
Subject has received full (3 dose) infant series of PCV
Parent/legal guardian must be able and willing to bring subject to all study visits

Exclusion Criteria

Any major illness/condition that, in the investigator's judgment, will substantially increase the risk associated with the subject's participation in the study
Participation in another investigational or interventional trial within the 28-day period before enrollment and during the conduct of the study. Participation in observational studies is permitted
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note