Safety and Immunogenicity of a Hantaan Virus DNA Vaccine and a Puumala Virus DNA Vaccine, For The Prevention of Hemorrhagic Fever With Renal Syndrome

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    132
  • sponsor
    U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command
Updated on 22 March 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

A randomized 4 cohort study that is comparing the data collected during the earlier phase study and to determine if immunogenicity can be retained with a 1 mg dose of Hantaan DNA vaccine.

Description

The study will enroll 4 randomized groups of 33 subjects each for a total of 132 subjects. Every subject will receive a total of 4 vaccinations. Subjects and study personnel will be blinded to the group that they are randomized to (double-blind). The study is intended to substantiate the Phase 1 results with the 2 mg dose and to also determine if immunogenicity can be retained with a 1 mg dose (for HTNV DNA vaccine).

For the 2 mg dose, each vaccination consists of 2 administrations of 1 mg (left and right deltoid) for a total of 2 mg/vaccination. For the 1 mg dose, each vaccination consists of 2 administrations of 0.5 mg (left and right deltoid) for a total of 1 mg/vaccination.

Group 1 will be vaccinated with the HTNV DNA vaccine, pWRG/HTN-M(co) at the 2 mg/vaccination dose. Group 2 will be vaccinated with the HTNV DNA vaccine, pWRG/HTN-M(co) at the 1 mg/vaccination dose. Group 3 will be vaccinated with the PUUV DNA vaccine, pWRG/PUU-M(s2) at the 2 mg/vaccination dose. Group 4 will be vaccinated with the PUUV DNA vaccine, pWRG/PUU-M(s2) at the 1 mg/vaccination dose. Each group will be vaccinated on Days 1, 29, 57 and 169. All doses will be administered with the PharmaJet Stratis device, which is FDA cleared for IM administration of vaccines. All subjects will be followed until 1 month after the last vaccination with Day 197 being the final study visit. Subjects will complete post-injection memory aids for 7 days after each vaccination.

Details
Condition Hantaan Virus Nephropathy, Puumala Virus Nephropathy
Treatment Hataan DNA Vaccine/Puumala DNA Vaccine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04333459
SponsorU.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command
Last Modified on22 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria to be included in the study
Healthy adult male or nonpregnant, nonlactating female, ages 18-49 (inclusive) at the time of screening
Have provided written informed consent before screening
Completion of Study Comprehension Quiz (minimum passing score of 80% with 2 attempts permitted)
A subject must have a valid state or government-issued photo ID (eg, driver's license, military ID, or U.S. passport) & be able to pass a background check in order to gain access to the base & participate
Free of clinically significant health problems, as determined by pertinent medical history and clinical examination with ECG and laboratory assessments prior to entry into the study
Available and able to participate for all study visits and procedures
Females subjects must have had a hysterectomy or bilateral oopherectomy or must be using an effective method of contraception from 30 days prior to the first study vaccination until 90 days after the last study vaccination
For this study, we define an effective contraceptive method as one that
results in a failure rate of less than 1% per year when it is used
consistently and correctly. This includes, but is not limited to, abstinence
from sexual intercourse with a male partner, monogamous relationship with a
vasectomized partner, bilateral tubal ligation, or intrauterine devices
Female subjects who have not had a hysterectomy or bilateral oopherectomy must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to each study vaccination
Sexually active male participants whose partner is a woman who has not had a hysterectomy or bilateral oopherectomy and has not had a vasectomy must agree not to father a child until 90 days after the last vaccination
Women agree to not donate eggs (ova, oocytes) and male subject agrees not to donate sperm from the start of screening onwards until at least 90 days after the last vaccination
Agree not to participate in another clinical trial during the study period
Agree not to donate blood to a blood bank for 3 months after receiving the last study vaccine
performed > 1 year prior to screening
Have acceptable screening laboratories within 90 days prior to enrollment. Refer to Appendix A for range of acceptable laboratory values. Screening laboratory values that are outside acceptable range but are thought to be due to an acute condition or due to laboratory error may be repeated once. [see Manual of Procedures (MOP)]
Negative HIV testing (HIV Ab / antigen 4th generation screen with reflex confirmatory RNA testing)
Negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis C antibody testing

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded from the
Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition or use of anticancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy (cytotoxic) within 3 years prior to study vaccination
study
Administration of chronic (defined as more than 14 days) immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within 6 months of study entry
History of previous hantavirus vaccine
History of severe local or systemic reactions to any vaccination or a history of severe allergic reactions
Intranasal, inhaled, and topical steroids are allowed (daily inhaled steroids for treatment of asthma are NOT allowed)
Ongoing participation in another clinical trial (those continuing through Day 197 will not join other new studies until their final visit)
Any chronic or active neurologic disorder, including seizures and epilepsy, excluding
Receipt of licensed vaccines within 7 days before or after immunization (30 days for live vaccines)
Any use of investigational drugs or vaccines within 30 days before starting the study
a single febrile seizure as a child and intermittent non migraine headaches
Have any diagnosis, current or past, of schizophrenia, bipolar disease, or other psychiatric diagnosis that may interfere with subject compliance or safety evaluations
Ability to observe possible local reactions at the eligible injection sites (deltoid region) is, in the opinion of the investigator, unacceptably obscured due to a physical condition or permanent body art
Have any plan to have surgery between enrollment and the end of the study
Acute or chronic, clinically significant hematologic, pulmonary, cardiovascular, or hepatic or renal functional abnormality as determined by the investigator based on medical history, physical exam, and/or laboratory screening test
Have been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others within 10 years prior to study vaccination
Pregnant or lactating female, or female who intends to become pregnant during the study period
Have received any antiviral within 3 days of study vaccination
Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the 120 days preceding study entry or planned administration during the study period
A diagnosis of Type I or II diabetes
Blood donation for human use (eg, American Red Cross or other similar blood drives) within the 56 days preceding study entry or planned administration during the study period
Suspected or known current alcohol or drug abuse. Alcohol abuse defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 3 drinks a day on average for a man, and greater than 2 drinks a day on average for a woman
Any confirmed evidence of hepatitis B or C infection
Have an acute illness, as determined by the site PI or appropriate sub-investigator, within 72 hours prior to study vaccination
Unwilling to allow storage and use of blood for future hantavirus-related research
Any other significant finding that in the opinion of the investigator would increase the risk of the individual having an adverse outcome from participating in this study
An acute illness which is nearly resolved with only minor residual symptoms remaining is allowable if, in the opinion of the site PI or appropriate sub-investigator, the residual symptoms will not interfere with the ability to assess safety parameters as required by the protocol. Subjects may re-screen after an acute illness is resolved
For corticosteroids, this will mean prednisone, or equivalent, greater than or equal to 0.5 mg/kg/day
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