ADAPT for Adolescents Adolescents

  • End date
    Jul 31, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Washington University School of Medicine
Updated on 29 June 2021


Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with HIV face unique challenges to engagement in care and their ability to achieve optimal health outcomes. The investigators hypothesize that developmentally-tailored behavioral interventions will improve engagement in HIV care and viral suppression among AYA with HIV in Kenya. This two stage study will initially randomize 880 AYA with HIV to either standard of care (SOC) or electronic navigation to prevent treatment lapse. Participants who have a lapse will be re-randomized to SOC, in-person peer navigation, or conditional cash transfers. Formative work will be conducted initially to tailor the interventions to AYA and then later to assess AYA perception, experience, and satisfaction with the interventions. We will evaluate the most effective and cost-effective intervention and sequence of interventions to inform HIV program managers, public policy makers, and other key stakeholders the best approaches to improve engagement of care of AYA with HIV.


While the global response to HIV has reached close to 20 million persons with life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART) and saved upwards of 60 million life-years, progress has been uneven and adolescents and young adults (AYA) aged 14-24 years represent a key group left behind. Compared to adults, AYA with HIV face more numerous, more diverse and more intense barriers to adherence and retention. The investigators will utilize a SMART study design in two stages among 880 AYA with HIV in Kenya to improve retention and viral suppression. In stage 1 AYA will be randomized 1:1 to either (1) standard of care education or counseling vs. (2) electronic navigation. Participants who do well (no lapses in retention, medication pick up and viral suppression) will be maintained on these low-intensity interventions, whereas those who fail will be re-randomized a second time to one of three re-engagement interventions (stage 2): (1) standard of care tracing, (2) a conditional cash transfer and (3) in-person peer navigation. The primary outcome will be a combination of visit adherence and documented viral load suppression. The investigators anticipate that enrolling 880 AYA will result in 99% power to detect a 15% difference in the primary outcome between intervention groups. The investigators believe this study will yield evidence specific to AYA with HIV, quantify the relative magnitude of different sequenced interventions, capture the costs, and have direct relevance for public health programming to end the AIDS epidemic through engaging adolescents and young adults with HIV.

Condition HIV/AIDS
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04432571
SponsorWashington University School of Medicine
Last Modified on29 June 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

HIV-infection, on or initiating ART
-24 years of age
Living > 6 months in Kisumu County, Kenya in previous year
Capable of informed consent (> 18 years) or with a legal caregiver available for consent (14-<18 years)
Access to a cell phone
Ability to read or be read short message service (SMS) messages
Willingness to be contacted by clinic upon missed appointment
For AYA who report phone sharing must have disclosed to the person sharing the phone
Additionally, we will include AYA who are aware of their HIV status or whose caregivers agree to assisted disclosure

Exclusion Criteria

AYA who participated in ADAPT-R
Those planning to move out of Kisumu County, those acutely ill and requiring hospitalization
Those who report sharing phones but have not disclosed to the person sharing the phone
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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