Last updated on December 2005

Oral Cancer Adjuvant Therapy (OCAT) Trial


Brief description of study

To demonstrate whether addition of Concurrent chemotherapy to post-operative adjuvant radiotherapy OR shortening of duration of post-operative radiotherapy, by administering 6 fractions / week instead of 5 fractions / week improves local-regional control and / or overall survival in high risk, locally advanced, resectable, squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity.

Detailed Study Description

Locally advanced, stage III and IVA, resectable, squamous cell carcinomas of oral cavity are conventionally treated with surgery, followed by post-operative radiotherapy. Local-regional recurrence remains the most frequent cause of failure of this treatment. The results of conventional therapy are dismal with five-year survival of less than 30% and 60-80% incidence of local-regional failure within 3 years. There are various known histological prognostic factors. The local-regional control and overall survival are extremely poor in high risk patients with these poor prognostic factors. In an attempt to improve the outcome of this high risk group, various alternative treatment policies such as addition of chemotherapy to radiotherapy or altered fractionation schedules have been tried. But till date, there is no alternative treatment modality with acceptable toxicity, available for these patients. Aims Of Study: To demonstrate whether addition of Concurrent chemotherapy to post-operative adjuvant radiotherapy OR shortening of duration of post-operative radiotherapy, by administering 6 fractions / week instead of 5 fractions / week improves local-regional control and / or overall survival in high risk, locally advanced, resectable, squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity. Eligibility criteria: Locally advanced, stage III and IVA, resectable, squamous cell carcinomas of oral cavity with one of the following poor prognostic factors extracapsular nodal extension, involvement of > 2 regional lymph nodes, margin of resection with invasive cancer Extensive soft tissue and / or skin infiltration requiring major reconstructive procedure. Peri-neural invasion with positive lymph node. Lympho-vascular embolisation with positive lymph node. Trial Design The eligible patients will be randomly allocated to one of the three arms 1. Arm 1 (Control arm): Surgery followed by conventional radiotherapy 2. Arm 2: Surgery followed by Concurrent chemo-radiotherapy 3. Arm 3: Surgery followed by Accelerated radiotherapy Surgery: Surgery will be same in all three arms. Wide excision tumour with appropriate nodal dissection and reconstruction utilizing accepted criteria for the region involved will be done. Radiotherapy: Total dose of radiotherapy will be 56 – 60 Gy. Patients in Arms 1 and 2, five fractions per week for six weeks. Patients in Arm 3, six fractions a week for five weeks. Chemotherapy: Patients in Arm 2 will get weekly chemotherapy (Inj Cisplatin 30 mg / m2) Stratification: Patients will be stratified according to following factors Site: Gingivo-buccal complex cancers Vs Tongue and Floor of mouth cancers. T stage. N stage. Extra-capsular spread (Peri-nodal extension) Surgical margin Extensive soft tissue infiltration End points Primary end point: Local-regional failure. Secondary end point: Overall survival. Other parameters to be assessed are Treatment related toxicity Protocol compliance Overall treatment time Quality of life: assessment by EORTC-QLQ-C30 and EORTC-H&N-35 Sample size: 900 pts (300 pts in each arm). Duration of accrual: 7 years. Duration of follow up: 5 years. With minimum follow up of 2 years. Analysis: Intent to treat analysis will be done. Interim analysis will be done after 450 patients (150 pts in each arm)

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00193843

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