Lumbar Transforaminal Anterior Epidural Steroid Injections in Discogenic Low Back Pain

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    59
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Marmara University
Updated on 5 September 2021
conservative management
back pain
low back pain

Summary

Modic changes have been associated with low back pain in many clinical studies and are often considered a part of the disc degeneration process. Modic type 1 change is considered an inflammatory process. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections in Modic type-1 changes.

Description

Modic changes have been associated with low back pain in many clinical studies and are often considered a part of the disc degeneration process. However, in degenerative disc disease, whether the pain could be attributed to Modic changes or not is still a matter of debate.

There are different options in the treatment of low back pain due to degenerative disc disease (DDD) and Modic changes. Conservative treatments and surgical approaches are some of them. Other interventional procedures include intradiscal and epidural steroid injections which have relatively less risk of complications than surgery.

The only study in the literature investigating the effectiveness of epidural steroid injections in patients with low back pain associated with modic changes belongs to Butterman et al. They reported that patients with Modic changes (type 1) responded better to epidural steroid injections than those without endplate irregularities. However, they did not report the details of the procedure, such as the steroid and local anesthetic they used, the amount of them and the level of the procedure. Moreover, they used different approaches including interlaminar and transforaminal, which may be misleading while interpreting the results.

Based on these results, the aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections in Modic type-1 changes.

Details
Condition Intervertebral Disc Degeneration, Chronic Back Pain, degenerative disc disease, Lower Back Pain, lumbago, Back Pain, Low Back Pain
Treatment Dexamethasone-Lidocaine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04930211
SponsorMarmara University
Last Modified on5 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Being between the ages of 18-65
Non-radicular, axial back pain
Lack of response to conservative treatments
Detection of Modic type 1 changes in contrast-enhanced Lumbar MRI or intervertebral disc findings that may be associated with discogenic pain (nuclear signal intensity change in the disc [black disc], height loss, or high-intensity zone)

Exclusion Criteria

Patients younger than 18 and older than 65
Describing pain radiating to the lower extremity (those with radicular pain)
Nerve root compression due to disc herniation or other reasons
Modic changes in more than one level
Positive facet loading test
Spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis
Diagnosed with spondylodiscitis
Pregnancy
Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases
Patients whose use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is contraindicated (renal failure, bleeding disorders, etc.)
Patients with exercise intolerance
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