Renuvion/J-Plasma for Subdermal Skin Tightening and Contouring of the Upper Arms: Dissection Technique Comparison

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 25, 2023
  • participants needed
    15
  • sponsor
    University of Utah
Updated on 25 June 2021

Summary

The Renuvion/J-plasma cold atmospheric plasma device has been in clinical use in aesthetics since its approval by the FDA in 2012, but no rigorous clinical trials have been published to quantify the effect of the skin tightening in any body area. In current clinical practice, the device is frequently used in conjunction with liposuction and both blunt and ultrasound assisted dissection cannulas are utilized. There is some thought that ultrasound assisted dissection may impart some tissue warming and skin tightening effects, but these effects are anecdotal at this time and not rigorously scientifically tested. Our study is designed to address these practice gaps by quantifying the improvement in skin laxity by objective measurements and comparing results obtained between blunt and ultrasound assisted dissection techniques without concurrent liposuction.

This study will use a single-blind, prospective, right-left sided comparator design to assess the effect of the Renuvion/J-Plasma CAP device on skin tightening of upper extremity skin laxity and compare the effect of blunt dissection versus ultrasound assisted site preparation on the procedure results in a non-inferiority design. This study will be a prospective, single-blind (assessor), randomized right-left sided, non-inferiority clinical trial.

Procedures

This is a randomized, right-left arm, single blinded, prospective noninferiority clinical trial comparing ultrasound assisted to traditional blunt dissection in site preparation prior to subdermal application of the Renuvion/J-plasma cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) device while quantitatively evaluating the efficacy of the Renuvion device.

A total of 15 patients will be enrolled. Dropout is anticipated to be low as the study visits will concur with routine clinical follow up appointments. The number needed to treat to show noninferiority between blunt dissection and ultrasound assisted dissection is 13 and the number needed to treat to show statistically significant difference between baseline and follow up is 3 for the Renuvion/J-Plasma procedure.

Description

The Renuvion/J-plasma cold atmospheric plasma device has been in clinical use in aesthetics since its approval by the FDA in 2012, but no rigorous clinical trials have been published to quantify the effect of the skin tightening in any body area. In current clinical practice, the device is frequently used in conjunction with liposuction and both blunt and ultrasound assisted dissection cannulas are utilized. There is some thought that ultrasound assisted dissection may impart some tissue warming and skin tightening effects, but these effects are anecdotal at this time and not rigorously scientifically tested. Our study is designed to address these practice gaps by quantifying the improvement in skin laxity by objective measurements and comparing results obtained between blunt and ultrasound assisted dissection techniques without concurrent liposuction.

Study Design:

This study will use a single-blind, prospective, right-left sided comparator design to assess the effect of the Renuvion/J-Plasma CAP device on skin tightening of upper extremity skin laxity and compare the effect of blunt dissection versus ultrasound assisted site preparation on the procedure results in a non-inferiority design. This study will be a prospective, single-blind (assessor), randomized right-left sided, non-inferiority clinical trial.

Bliniding

To blind the study, the sub-investigator/operator will use an internet-based random number generator to assign the right arm to blunt dissection (odd numbers) or ultrasound-assisted dissection (zero and even numbers). Due to the nature of the procedure, it will be impossible to blind the operator and the patient to site preparation technique. The assessors and coordinators will remain blinded to the treatment assignment throughout the study. Measurements and photographs will not be labeled regarding which site preparation method was used. A patient specific paper chart will have treatment assignments, which will minimize the potential for inadvertent unblinding and allow for unblinding in the event unblinding becomes necessary.

Study Purposes and Objectives:

  1. Quantify the clinical improvement from baseline to 1, 3 and 9 months after treatment of underarm laxity using the Renuvion/J-Plasma cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) device with both Vaser ultrasound-assisted dissection and blunt dissection methods for site preparation in a randomized, right-left arm single blinded, prospective clinical trial.
  2. Compare ultrasound-assisted site prepared side baseline photographs to 1-month, 3-month, and 9-month post-treatment photos to assess change in area between overlaid photographs taken in both sagittal and coronal planes.
  3. Compare ultrasound-assisted site prepared side baseline photographs to 1-month, 3-month, and 9 month post-treatment photos to assess change in distance of lowest hanging point between overlaid photographs taken in both sagittal and coronal planes.
  4. Compare ultrasound-assisted site prepared side linear circumference at baseline to 1-month, 3-month, and 9-month post-treatment measurements to assess change in linear circumference of treated area.
  5. Compare blunt dissection site prepared side baseline photographs to 1-month, 3-month, and 9-month post-treatment photos to assess change in area between overlaid photographs taken in both sagittal and coronal planes.
  6. Compare blunt dissection site prepared side baseline photographs to 1-month, 3-month, and 9-month post-treatment photos to assess change in distance of lowest hanging point between overlaid photographs taken in both sagittal and coronal planes.
  7. Compare blunt dissection site prepared side linear circumference at baseline to 1-month, 3-month, and 9-month post-treatment measurements to assess change in linear circumference of treated area.
  8. Compare non-inferiority of clinical endpoints between blunt dissection cannula and Vaser ultrasound-assisted cannula for site preparation of Renuvion/J-Plasma treatment at 1, 3, and 9 months post treatment.
  9. Compare ultrasound-assisted site prepared side to blunt dissection prepared side by calculating the difference in area change in sagittal and coronal planes as determined in objective 1 between the two treatment modalities.
  10. Compare ultrasound-assisted site prepared side to blunt dissection prepared side by calculating the difference in lowest hanging point change in sagittal and coronal planes as determined in objective 1 between the two treatment modalities.
  11. Compare ultrasound-assisted site prepared side to blunt dissection prepared side by calculating the difference in linear circumference of treated area change as determined in objective 1 between the two treatment modalities.
  12. Assess patient reported outcomes of the treatment using the BODY-Q and Skindex-16 instruments.
    Procedures

This is a randomized, right-left arm, single blinded, prospective noninferiority clinical trial comparing ultrasound assisted to traditional blunt dissection in site preparation prior to subdermal application of the Renuvion/J-plasma cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) device while quantitatively evaluating the efficacy of the Renuvion device.

A total of 15 patients will be enrolled. Dropout is anticipated to be low as the study visits will concur with routine clinical follow up appointments. The number needed to treat to show noninferiority between blunt dissection and ultrasound assisted dissection is 13 and the number needed to treat to show statistically significant difference between baseline and follow up is 3 for the Renuvion/J-Plasma procedure. The study timeline is summarized in table 1.

Screening

For screening, subjects with qualifying underarm skin laxity without excess fat will be asked to read and sign the informed consent document. They will be reminded that they are to take their time, and if necessary, take it home for further consideration. Questions will be answered. Those meeting inclusion / exclusion criteria who have signed informed consent will be enrolled.

After answering questions and prior to the treatment, the Principal Investigator (PI) will examine the upper body of the patient and assess the type of upper arm skin laxity, amount of underlying fat, and perform measurements to include weight, mid-biceps arm circumference and skin ptosis from brachial sulcus to the lowermost border of pendulous skin. Standardized photographs of the treatment area will be obtained in sagittal and coronal planes of the arms abducted to 90o with elbows flexed to 90o. The patient will complete the Body-Q and Skindex-16 patient reported outcomes measurement tools.

Using a random number generator, the patient will be randomized to undergo blunt dissection vs ultrasound-assisted dissection of the right arm. The left arm will receive the site preparation modality not selected for the right arm. The sub-investigator will perform the randomization on the day of the procedure and the PI will be blinded to the treatment assignment.

At follow up visits, the blinded PI will perform an upper body exam and repeat mid-biceps arm circumference and skin ptosis measurements. Standardized photographs will be repeated in sagittal and coronal planes as at baseline. The patient will complete the Body-Q and Skindex-16 patient reported outcomes measurement tools. Treatment related adverse event information will be collected.

Adverse events:

Evaluations for adverse events will be carried out by the PI or sub-I at scheduled follow up visits or if the clinic is notified of problems by the patient. If adverse events have not resolved at the time of the final visit, the patient will be followed for resolution of these events by phone or office visits. Specific adverse events to be tracked will include pain, bleeding, hematoma formation, infection, nerve damage, scarring, and skin discoloration in the treatment sites. Major cardiac and neurologic events will also be noted, but are not anticipated based on existing data on these and similar procedures.

Procedure

The patient will arrive on the day of the procedure and sites will be prepped in a standard sterile fashion. Patients will receive diazepam and midazolam orally as appropriate for anxiolysis or mild sedation. Local anesthesia will be administered using tumescent lidocaine (1 g lidocaine and 1 mg epinephrine in 100 ml plus 10 mEq sodium bicarbonate in 10 ml added to 1000 ml of 0.9% physiologic saline) at a maximum dose of 28 mg/kg to prevent toxicity. 4 mm incisions will be made at the distal portion of the posterior upper arm, approximately 2.5-4 cm from the olecranon process when the arm is at 90 degrees of flexion, and at the most proximal portion of the posterior upper arm in the axillary crease. A standard 3 mm blunt liposuction cannula not attached to suction will be used to dissect the subcutaneous tissue of the posterior upper arm on the side randomized to blunt dissection. Several passes will be made using the blunt dissection cannula with (increasing/decreasing sizes) until the dissection plane has been completed. The Renuvion/J-Plasma CAP device will be inserted into the openings created for the dissection and 4 passes of the device applied to the underside of the dermis will be made at a setting of 80mJ and 2.0 L of flow. This process will be repeated on the contralateral side using the ultrasound assisted device (Vaser) in place of the blunt dissection cannula at the setting of 60% energy (10W) for no greater than 2.5 min.

Post-procedure, the cannula wounds will be closed with one 4-0 nylon suture, and otherwise left open to allow for drainage and venting. The upper arms will be wrapped with absorbent pads and an industry standard upper arm compression garment which we will provide. The compression garment is to be worn for 2 weeks following the procedure. Post-operative pain will be managed with acetaminophen and 5mg/325mg hydrocodone/acetaminophen as needed. The patient will shower normally the following day and expect some mild serosanginous drainage from the incision sites over 48 hours following the procedure. After 48 hours the patient will then begin daily placement of a thin layer of white petrolatum over the incision sites followed by a small bandage or Band-aid

Evaluations

Efficacy evaluations will be performed at baseline, 1-month post-procedure, 3-months post-procedure, and 9-months post-procedure. For each evaluation, a coordinator who is blinded to the treatment assignment will measure upper arm circumference of each arm at the point of maximum diameter and vertical distance from the brachial sulcus to the lowermost border of pendulous skin when the arms are positioned at 90o abducted at the shoulder and 90o flexed at the elbow. Circumference will be measured with a flexible measuring tape and vertical distance will be measured using a rigid ruler. These measurements will be entered into a spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA) and analyzed using R statistical software (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria) to determine the mean change from baseline and standard deviation at 1, 3, and 9-months post-procedure and between 1- and 3-months post-procedure, 1- and 9- months post-procedure, and 3- and 9-months post-procedure. T-testing will be performed using the R statistical software package to compare before and after measurements at each time point from baseline and between each follow up interval. P-values will be calculated with a significance level of P < 0.05 being considered significant.

Standardized photographs of the treatment area will be obtained by trained staff photographers in sagittal and coronal planes of the arms abducted to 90o with elbows flexed to 90o. Digital photographs will be obtained at baseline, 1-month post-procedure, 3-months post-procedure, and 9-months post-procedure. Photographs will be obtained using a Canon camera for sagittal, coronal, and oblique views and Visia system (Canfield Scientific, Inc., Parsippany, NJ) for sagittal and oblique views.

The patient will complete the clinically validated Body-Q patient reported outcomes measurement tool for upper arms at baseline, 1, 3, and 9-months post-procedure. A copy of this assessment tool is included in the supporting documents section.

  1. Primary Efficacy Measures:

The efficacy will be measured using the change in area and vertical distance calculated from standardized digital photographic overlays using the sagittal view between baseline and 9-months post-procedure.

2. Secondary Efficacy Measures:

Unless otherwise stated, secondary efficacy measures will be calculated between baseline and 1-month post-procedure, baseline and 3-months post-procedure, baseline and 9-months post-procedure, between 1- and 3-months post-procedure, between 1- and 9-months post-procedure, and between 3- and 9-months post-procedure. These measures will include the change in area and vertical distance calculated from standardized digital photographic overlays using the sagittal view for non-primary endpoint time intervals, the change in area and vertical distance calculated from standardized digital photographic overlays using the coronal view, the difference in arm circumference, the difference in measured vertical pendulous skin, and differences in Body-Q and Skindex-16 patient recorded outcomes measurements, and subjective blinded assessor assessments.

3. Adverse events:

Adverse events will be catalogued, detailed, and presented in table format.

Details
Condition Subdermal Skin Tightening
Treatment Renuvion/j-Plasma procedure using blunt dissection technique, Renuvion/j-Plasma procedure using ultrasound-guided dissection technique
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04902599
SponsorUniversity of Utah
Last Modified on25 June 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Must be able to give informed written consent
BMI < 25
Age of at least 18 and not greater than 75 years old
Male or Female
Ability to undergo procedure
Stable weight for 6 months
cm to 6 cm of upper arm ptosis
Less than or equal to 1 cm of skin pinch thickness in area to be treated

Exclusion Criteria

Prior liposuction to the proposed treatment areas
Connective tissue disease
History of Keloidal scarring
Nursing/pregnant
Using systemic steroids or immunosuppressants
Current smoking
Body dysmorphic disorder
Allergy or intolerance to tumescent anesthesia
Prior significant trauma or scarring to the upper arms
Lymphedema of the upper extremities
Significant asymmetry in diameter or laxity of upper arms
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