A Phase 1/2 Study of Delayed Heterologous SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Dosing (Boost) After Receipt of EUA Vaccines

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    57
  • participants needed
    1130
  • sponsor
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Updated on 14 September 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

A phase 1/2, open-label clinical trial in individuals, 18 years of age and older, who are in good health, have no known history of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and meet all other eligibility criteria. This clinical trial is designed to assess the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a delayed (>/=12 weeks) vaccine boost on a range of Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)-dosed COVID-19 vaccines (mRNA-1273, and mRNA-1273.211 manufactured by ModernaTX, Inc.; BNT162b2 manufactured by Pfizer/BioNTech; or Ad26.COV2.S manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceuticals/Johnson & Johnson). This is an adaptive design and may add arms (and increase sample size) as vaccines are awarded EUA and/or variant lineage spike vaccines are manufactured or become available. Enrollment will occur at up to twelve domestic clinical research sites.

This study includes two cohorts. Cohort 1 will include approximately 880 individuals (50 subjects/group; Groups 1E-11E) greater than 18 years of age and older, stratified into two age strata (18-55 years and >/=56 years) who previously received COVID-19 vaccine at Emergency Use Authorization dosing (EUA) (two vaccinations of mRNA-1273 at the 100 mcg dose, two vaccinations of BNT162b2 at the 30 mcg dose, or one vaccination of Ad26.COV2.S at the 5x10^10 vp dose). Groups 15E-17E will enroll 60 subjects, split (approximately evenly) between age strata as able. Those subjects will be offered enrollment into this study >/=12 weeks after they received the last dose of their EUA vaccine. Subjects will receive a single open-label intramuscular (IM) injection of the designated delayed booster vaccine and will be followed through 12 months after vaccination: 1) Group 1E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV.2.S at 5x10^10 vp followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273, Group 4E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV.2.S at 5x10^10 vp followed by a 5x10^10 vp dose of Ad26.COV2.S, Group 7E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV.2.S 5x10^10 vp followed by a 30-mcg dose of BNT162b2, Group 10E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV2-S 5x10^10 vp followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273.211; Group 12E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV2-S 5x10^10 vp followed by a 50-mcg dose of mRNA-1273; Group 15E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen (two doses for Group 15E) - Ad26.COV2.S at 5x1010 vp followed by a dose of NVX-CoV2373 (5 mcg Prototype SARS-CoV-2 rS vaccine with 50 mcg Matrix-M); 2) Group 2E

  • previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273, Group 5E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 5x10^10 vp dose of Ad26.COV2.S, Group 8E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 30-mcg dose of BNT162b2, Group 13E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 50-mcg dose of mRNA-1273; Group 16E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a dose of NVX-CoV2373 (5 mcg Prototype SARS-CoV2 rS vaccine with 50 mcg Matrix-M); 3) Group 3E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273. Group 6E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 5x10^10 vp dose of Ad26.COV2.S, Group 9E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 30-mcg dose of BNT162b2, Group 11E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273.211. Group 14E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 50-mcg dose of mRNA-1273, Group 17E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a dose of NVX-CoV2373 (5 mcg Prototype SARS-CoV2 rS vaccine with 50 mcg Matrix-M).

A telephone visit will occur one week after each primary EUA vaccination and one week after the booster dose. In person follow-up visits will occur on 14 days following completion of EUA vaccinations and on days 14, and 28 days after the booster dose, as well as 3, 6, and 12 months post the booster vaccination. Additional pools of subjects can be included if needed as additional COVID-19 vaccines are awarded EUA.

The primary objectives of this study are 1) to evaluate the safety and reactogenicity of delayed heterologous or homologous vaccine doses after EUA dosed vaccines, and 2) to evaluate the breadth of the humoral immune responses of heterologous and homologous delayed boost regimens following EUA dosing.

Description

A phase 1/2, open-label clinical trial in individuals, 18 years of age and older, who are in good health, have no known history of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and meet all other eligibility criteria. This clinical trial is designed to assess the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a delayed (>/=12 weeks) vaccine boost on a range of Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)-dosed COVID-19 vaccines (mRNA-1273, and mRNA-1273.211 manufactured by ModernaTX, Inc.; BNT162b2 manufactured by Pfizer/BioNTech; or Ad26.COV2.S manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceuticals/Johnson & Johnson). This is an adaptive design and may add arms (and increase sample size) as vaccines are awarded EUA and/or variant lineage spike vaccines are manufactured or become available. Enrollment will occur at up to twelve domestic clinical research sites.

This study includes two cohorts. Cohort 1 will include approximately 880 individuals (50 subjects/group; Groups 1E-14E, and 60 subjects/group; Groups 15E-17E) greater than 18 years of age and older, stratified into two age strata (18-55 years and >/=56 years) who previously received COVID-19 vaccine at Emergency Use Authorization dosing (EUA) (two vaccinations of mRNA-1273 at the 100 mcg dose, two vaccinations of BNT162b2 at the 30 mcg dose, or one vaccination of Ad26.COV2.S at the 5x10^10 vp dose). Groups 15E-17E will enroll 60 subjects, split (approximately evenly) between age strata as able. Those subjects will be offered enrollment into this study >/=12 weeks after they received the last dose of their EUA vaccine. Subjects will receive a single open-label intramuscular (IM) injection of the designated delayed booster vaccine and will be followed through 12 months after vaccination:

  1. Group 1E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV.2.S at 5x10^10 vp followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273, Group 4E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV.2.S at 5x10^10 vp followed by a 5x10^10 vp dose of Ad26.COV2.S, Group 7E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV.2.S 5x10^10 vp followed by a 30-mcg dose of BNT162b2, Group 10E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV2-S 5x10^10 vp followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273.211; Group 12E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen - Ad26.COV2-S 5x10^10 vp followed by a 50-mcg dose of mRNA-1273; Group 15E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Janssen (two doses for Group 15E) - Ad26.COV2.S at 5x1010 vp followed by a dose of NVX-CoV2373 (5 mcg Prototype SARS-CoV-2 rS vaccine with 50 mcg Matrix-M); 2) Group 2E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273, Group 5E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 5x10^10 vp dose of Ad26.COV2.S, Group 8E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna
    • mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 30-mcg dose of BNT162b2, Group 13E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a 50-mcg dose of mRNA-1273; Group 16E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Moderna - mRNA-1273 at 100 mcg for two doses followed by a dose of NVX-CoV2373 (5 mcg Prototype SARS-CoV2 rS vaccine with 50 mcg Matrix-M); 3) Group 3E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273. Group 6E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 5x10^10 vp dose of Ad26.COV2.S, Group 9E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 30-mcg dose of BNT162b2, Group 11E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 100-mcg dose of mRNA-1273.211. Group 14E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a 50-mcg dose of mRNA-1273, Group 17E - previously EUA-dosed vaccination with Pfizer/BioNTech - BNT162b2 at 30 mcg for two doses followed by a dose of NVX-CoV2373 (5 mcg Prototype SARS-CoV2 rS vaccine with 50 mcg Matrix-M).

A telephone visit will occur at Day 8 and in-person follow-up visits will occur on Days 15 and 29, as well as 3, 6, and 12 months after the vaccination. Cohort 2 will include approximately 250 participants per group aged >/=18 years of age who have not received a Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine and have no known history of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) or SARS Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. They will be assigned to receive COVID-19 vaccine under Emergency Use Authorization dosing (EUA) (two vaccinations of mRNA-1273 at the 100mcg dose at a 28 days of interval). These pools of participants will be assigned 50 mcg mRNA-1273 at a minimum of 12 weeks following receipt of EUA dosing and followed through 12 months after the last vaccination. A telephone visit will occur one week after each primary EUA vaccination and one week after the booster dose. In person follow-up visits will occur on 14 days following completion of EUA vaccinations and on days 14, and 28 days after the booster dose, as well as 3, 6, and 12 months post the booster vaccination. Additional pools of subjects can be included if needed as additional COVID-19 vaccines are awarded EUA.

New groups may be added to Cohort 1 or 2 dependent upon manufacture of variant lineage spike protein-based vaccine constructs or vaccines newly awarded EUA. The primary objectives of this study are 1) to evaluate the safety and reactogenicity of delayed heterologous or homologous vaccine doses after EUA dosed vaccines, and 2) to evaluate the breadth of the humoral immune responses of heterologous and homologous delayed boost regimens following EUA dosing.

Details
Condition COVID-19
Treatment mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, Ad26.COV2.S, mRNA-1273.211, SARS-CoV-2 rS/M1
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04889209
SponsorNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Last Modified on14 September 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Participants must meet all of the following criteria to be eligible to participate in this
study
Individuals >/= 18 years of age at the time of consent
Received and completed primary mRNA COVID-19 vaccine under EUA dosing guidelines and
one or two doses of Ad26.COV2.S at least 12 weeks prior to enrollment (Cohort 1 only)
Willing and able to comply with all scheduled visits, vaccination plan, laboratory
tests and other study procedures
Determined by medical history, targeted physical examination and clinical judgement of
the investigator to be in good health
Note: Healthy volunteers with pre-existing stable disease, defined as disease not
requiring significant change in therapy or hospitalization for worsening disease
during the 6 weeks before enrollment, can be included
Is not currently breastfeeding
Female participants of childbearing potential may be enrolled in the study, if all of
the following apply
Practiced adequate contraception for 28 days prior to the first dose of vaccine
(Day 1)
Has agreed to continue adequate contraception through 3 months following the
booster dose
Has a negative pregnancy test at screening and on the day of the first study
vaccine dose (Day 1)

Exclusion Criteria

Receipt of any investigational study product within 28 days prior to enrollment
Participants meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded from the study
Known history of SARS-CoV-2 infection. (for Cohort 1 and the primary series of Cohort
)
Prior administration of an investigational coronavirus (SARS Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)
An immediate family member or household member of this study's personnel
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV)) vaccine or SARS Coronavirus 2
(SARS-CoV-2) monoclonal antibody in the preceding 90 days or current/planned
simultaneous participation in another interventional study
Receipt of SARS Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine prior to study entry (Cohort 2
only)
A history of anaphylaxis, urticaria, or other significant adverse reaction requiring
medical intervention after receipt of a vaccine or nanolipid particles
Received or plans to receive a vaccine within 28 days prior to the first dose (Day 1)
or plans to receive a non-study vaccine within 28 days prior to or after any dose of
study vaccine (with exception for seasonal influenza vaccine within 14 days of study
vaccine)
Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor (e.g., factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or
platelet disorder requiring special precautions) or significant bruising or bleeding
difficulties with intramuscular injections or blood draws, or previously experienced
thrombosis with thrombocytopenia (TTS) or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
Current or previous diagnosis of immunocompromising condition, immune-mediated
disease, or other immunosuppressive condition
Received systemic immunosuppressants or immune-modifying drugs for >14 days in total
within 6 months prior to Screening (for corticosteroids >/= 20 milligram per day of
prednisone equivalent). Topical tacrolimus is allowed if not used within 14 days prior
to Day 1
Received immunoglobulin, blood-derived products, within 90 days prior to first study
vaccination
Is acutely ill or febrile 72 hours prior to or at vaccine dosing (fever defined as >/=
0 degrees Celsius or 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit). Participants meeting this criterion
may be rescheduled within the relevant window periods. Afebrile participants with
minor illnesses can be enrolled at the discretion of the investigator
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