Testing the Addition of the Anti-cancer Drug, Tazemetostat, to the Usual Treatment (Dabrafenib and Trametinib) for Metastatic Melanoma That Has Progressed on the Usual Treatment

  • End date
    Dec 4, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Updated on 16 June 2022


This phase I/II trial investigates the best dose, possible benefits and/or side effects of tazemetostat in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib in treating patients with melanoma that has a specific mutation in the BRAF gene (BRAFV600) and that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Tazemetostat, dabrafenib, and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving tazemetostat in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib may stabilize BRAFV600 mutated melanoma.



I. To identify a maximum tolerated dose for the EZH2 inhibitor, tazemetostat hydrobromide (tazemetostat), when used in combination with dual BRAF inhibitor (dabrafenib mesylate [dabrafenib]) and MEK inhibitor (trametinib dimethyl sulfoxide [trametinib]) therapy in BRAF/MEK inhibitor-resistant, BRAF^V600-mutated metastatic melanoma. (Phase 1) II. To determine if the addition of the EZH2 inhibitor, tazemetostat, to BRAF and MEK inhibitor therapy improves progression-free survival over single-agent EZH2 inhibitor therapy in patients with BRAF/MEK inhibitor-resistant, BRAF^V600-mutated melanomas harboring an EZH2 alteration. (Phase 2)


I. To observe and record anti-tumor activity. (Phase 1) II. To determine the overall response rate of single-agent EZH2 inhibitor therapy (tazemetostat) and triplet EZH2 inhibitor (tazemetostat), BRAF inhibitor (dabrafenib) and MEK inhibitor (trametinib) therapy in patients with BRAF/MEK inhibitor-resistant BRAF^V600-mutated melanomas harboring an EZH2 alteration. (Phase 2)


I. To explore alterations in the gene expression profile (ribonucleic acid [RNA]-sequencing), H3K27 methylome (immunohistochemistry [IHC], chromatin immunoprecipitation [ChIP]-Sequencing), and open chromatin landscape (assay for transposase accessible chromatin [ATAC]-sequencing) with EZH2 inhibition in fresh clinical or patient derived xenograft (PDX)-derived tumor samples, which may reveal underlying transcriptional/epigenetic pathways mediating response to treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation trial of tazemetostat followed by a phase II trial. Patients in the phase I trial receive treatment as in Arm II. Patients in the phase II trial are randomized to Arm I or Arm II.

ARM I: Patients receive tazemetostat orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. At the time of progression, patients may crossover to Arm II after completion of radiation therapy.

ARM II: Patients receive tazemetostat PO BID, dabrafenib PO BID, and trametinib PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then annually thereafter.

Condition Clinical Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v8, Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Central Nervous System, Metastatic Melanoma, Pathologic Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v8
Treatment Dabrafenib Mesylate, Trametinib Dimethyl Sulfoxide, Tazemetostat Hydrobromide
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04557956
SponsorNational Cancer Institute (NCI)
Last Modified on16 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patient must have a diagnosis of BRAF^V600E/K-mutated metastatic melanoma
Patient must have had documented radiographic or clinical evidence of progressive disease while on combination BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy. For Phase 2 only, no more than one intervening therapy since progression on BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy is allowed. Subjects who have evidence of progression while on, or within 4 weeks of completing, combination BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy in the adjuvant setting will be eligible
PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must have EZH2 alteration (somatic mutation or copy number alteration). Can be performed on either archival or fresh specimen. EZH2 alterations need to be documented by a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)/Clinical Laboratory Improvement Program (CLIP)-certified next generation sequencing platform (Foundation One, Tempus, Guardant360, etc.)
PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must have measurable disease
PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must have at least one tumor lesion amenable to biopsy. If possible, this lesion should be different from the lesion used for following tumor measurements but is not required
PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must agree to planned pre-treatment and planned on-treatment biopsy. A pre-treatment biopsy will be optional if patient has an archival tissue block or 5 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) slides available from specimen used to document presence of eligible EZH2 alteration that is deemed adequate for evaluation
Patient must be >=18 years
Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of tazemetostat in combination with Dabrafenib and Trametinib in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study
Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
(Karnofsky >= 50%)
Patients with symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases are eligible if previously treated with surgery and/or radiation with no evidence of radiologic CNS recurrence or progression for 4 weeks and on a stable/tapering dose of steroid for at least one week prior to start of study drug. Patients with new or progressive asymptomatic CNS metastases are eligible
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
Albumin >= 2.5 g/dL
Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) except subjects with known Gilbert's syndrome
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) >= 50 mL/min
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2
Patients with a prior (or concurrent, if enrolling in Phase 1) malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
Patient must be able to swallow and retain oral medication and must not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels
Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.3 x institutional ULN. Prophylactic low dose warfarin may be given to maintain central catheter patency
The effects of tazemetostat, and the combination of tazemetostat, dabrafenib and trametinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. Women of childbearing potential and all male patients must agree to the following
For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period, for 6 months after tazemetostat discontinuation, or for 6 months after discontinuation of the combination of tazemetostat, dabrafenib and trametinib. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (>= 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus)
Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, established, proper use of hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices
Due to the potential of enzyme induction with tazemetostat, female subjects who use hormonal contraceptives should use an additional barrier method of birth control while on study treatment and for 6 months after discontinuation of tazemetostat or the combination of tazemetostat, dabrafenib and trametinib
The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical study and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test at
With female partners of childbearing potential or pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for at least 4 months after the last dose of study drug. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period. In addition, female partners of male subjects should adhere to the following
Intrauterine device (IUD) (must provide medical documentation of IUD)
Hormonal contraceptive (partner must be on a stable dose of the same hormonal contraceptive product for at least 4 weeks before receiving study drug) AND a condom (hormonal contraceptives must be supplemented with condoms)
Have progressed on, been intolerant to / ineligible for, or refused prior standard of care anti-PD-1 based immunotherapy
The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the
duration of the clinical study and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the
patient. Periodic abstinence and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Participants with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally-
authorized representative (LAR) and/or family member available will also be

Exclusion Criteria

Previous therapy with a demethylating agent (i.e. decitabine) or previous therapy with an EZH2 inhibitor
History of second malignancy not treated with curative intent
History of life-threatening toxicity, including hypersensitivity, related to BRAF or MEK inhibitor therapy, or known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to the study treatments, their excipients, and/or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
Active infection requiring intravenous therapy
Presence of untreated or progressive symptomatic CNS melanoma metastases. Diffuse leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or metastases causing spinal cord compression are exclusionary. Previously treated lesions should be stable for >= 4 weeks (must be documented by imaging). Subjects on a stable dose of corticosteroids for > 1 week can be enrolled. Subjects must also be off of enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants for > 4 weeks
Radiation therapy in the last 14 days. Palliative radiation to a localized area without residual toxicity requires a washout of at least 7 days
Prior systemic anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or vaccine therapy) within the 3 weeks preceding the first dose of study treatment. For Phase 2 only, prior chemotherapy regimens are not permitted
Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days (or five half-lives, whichever is shorter; with a minimum of 14 days from the last dose) preceding the first dose of study treatment and during the study
Unresolved toxicity of National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 5.0 (NCI CTCAE v5.0) grade 2 or higher from previous anti-cancer therapy, except alopecia, at the time of randomization
Current use of a prohibited medication. Patients must not be treated with any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A or CYP2C8 within 13 days prior to the first treatment through the end of the study. Current use of, or intended ongoing treatment with: herbal remedies (e.g., St. John's wort), or strong inhibitors or inducers of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) or breast cancer resistance protein 1 (Bcrp1) should also be excluded
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with dabrafenib
A history of hepatitis B Virus (HBV) or hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection (with the exception of cleared HBV and HCV infection, which will be allowed)
History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
Clinically significant bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy, including known platelet function disorders. Patients on anticoagulation with low molecular weight heparin or low dose warfarin are allowed
History of myeloid malignancies, including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
Has abnormalities known to be associated with MDS (e.g. del 5q, chr 7 abn) and multiple primary neoplasms (MPN) (e.g. JAK2 V617F) observed in cytogenetic testing and DNA sequencing
History of T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL)/T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL)
Patients with history of RAS mutation-positive tumors are not eligible regardless of interval from the current study. Note: Prospective RAS testing is not required. However, if the results of previous RAS testing are known, they must be used in assessing eligibility
History or evidence of cardiovascular risks including any of the following
QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QT corrected by Fridericia [QTcF]) >= 450 msec
History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction or unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within the past 24 weeks prior to randomization
History or evidence of current Class II, III, or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system
Intra-cardiac defibrillators
Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 2) documented by echocardiogram (ECHO); (subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study). Subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on study
History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias; clarification: Subjects with atrial fibrillation controlled for > 30 days prior to dosing are eligible
Treatment refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic > 90 mm Hg which cannot be controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by ECHO or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA)
Known cardiac metastases
Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness
Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant women are excluded from this study because of the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with tazemetostat / dabrafenib / trametinib, breastfeeding should be discontinued prior to treatment
Patients with uncontrolled diabetes
Patients with a history of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED) or other ophthalmologic toxicity
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