Pediatric Hypertension and the Renin-Angiotensin SystEm (PHRASE)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 3, 2024
  • participants needed
    125
  • sponsor
    Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Updated on 3 June 2021
hypertension
aldosterone
angiotensin
Uric Acid Test
renin

Summary

Studying the causal roles of components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (including angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)), angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), Ang II, and ACE), uric acid, and klotho in pediatric hypertension and related target organ injury, including in the heart, kidneys, vasculature, and brain. Recruiting children with a new hypertension diagnosis over a 2-year period from the Hypertension Clinic at Brenner Children's Hospital at Wake Forest Baptist Health, as well as healthy control participants from local general primary care practices, and collecting blood and urine samples to analyze components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (Ang-(1-7), ACE2, Ang II, ACE), uric acid, and klotho, and measuring blood pressure, heart structure and function, autonomic function, vascular function, and kidney function at baseline, year 1, and year 2. Objectives are to investigate phenotypic and treatment response variability and to causally infer if Ang-(1-7), ACE2, Ang II, ACE, uric acid, and klotho contribute to target organ injury due to hypertension.

Description

This longitudinal prospective cohort study is recruiting children and adolescents aged 7-18 years with newly diagnosed primary hypertension over a 2-year period from the Hypertension Clinic at Brenner Children's Hospital, which sees over 300 new patients per year, who will be treated with the first-line drug lisinopril, an ACE inhibitor, per standard of care (Hypertension Cohort). Also recruiting healthy control participants aged 7-18 years with normal blood pressure from local primary care practices (Control Cohort). Collecting blood and urine to analyze Ang-(1-7), ACE2, Ang II, ACE, uric acid, and klotho and measuring pediatric-specific outcomes (blood pressure (casual and ambulatory monitoring), indices of heart structure and function on echocardiogram (left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, left ventricular hypertrophy, etc.), kidney function (creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria, proteinuria, urine sodium/potassium), autonomic function (heart rate variability, blood pressure variability, baroreflex sensitivity), and vascular function (arterial stiffness, augmentation index)) at baseline and year 1 (Hypertension Cohort and Control Cohort) and year 2 (Hypertension Cohort). The objectives are to investigate if Ang-(1-7), ACE2, Ang II, and ACE identify phenotypic and treatment response variability and to causally infer if Ang-(1-7), ACE2, Ang II, ACE, uric acid, and klotho contribute to target organ injury, with these Specific Aims:

Aim 1:

(1) Determine if plasma Ang-(1-7) or urine Ang-(1-7)/creatinine differ between the Hypertension vs. Control Cohorts and (2) assess if plasma Ang-(1-7) or urine Ang-(1-7)/creatinine mediate the effect of lisinopril-induced blood pressure reduction on the outcomes (change in heart function and structure, autonomic function, vascular function, and kidney function).

Hypothesis 1a: Baseline Ang-(1-7) is lower in the Hypertension vs. Control Cohort.

Hypothesis 1b: Increased Ang-(1-7) levels over time mediate the effect of lisinopril-induced decreased blood pressure on improved outcomes over 2 years in the Hypertension Cohort.

Aim 2:

(1) Evaluate if plasma Ang-(1-7) or urine Ang-(1-7)/creatinine predict treatment response in participants in the Hypertension Cohort (change in casual blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure, heart function/structure, autonomic function, vascular function, and kidney function); (2) compare to plasma renin activity and aldosterone; and (3) employ sensitivity analyses to quantify the impact of unmeasured confounding.

Hypothesis 2: Lower baseline Ang-(1-7) predicts greater outcome improvements in the Hypertension Cohort with lower unmeasured confounding and with greater predictive ability compared to plasma renin activity and aldosterone.

Aim 3:

Determine if plasma Ang-(1-7) or urine Ang-(1-7)/creatinine mediate the effects of uric acid and klotho on the outcomes in participants in the Hypertension Cohort. (1) Apply causal mediation to estimate if plasma Ang-(1-7) mediates the effects of uric acid on the outcomes (change in casual blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure, heart function/structure, autonomic function, and vascular function). (2) Apply causal mediation to estimate if urine Ang-(1-7)/creatinine mediates the effects of klotho on the outcomes (change in casual blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure, and kidney function).

Hypothesis 3a: Lower plasma Ang-(1-7) mediates the effect of high uric acid on the outcomes in the Hypertension Cohort.

Hypothesis 3b: Lower urine Ang-(1-7)/creatinine mediates the effect of low klotho on the outcomes in the Hypertension Cohort.

Anticipated results have great potential to impact patient care by establishing Ang-(1-7), ACE2, Ang II, and ACE as biomarkers of treatment response, by establishing how Ang-(1-7) and other components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system change in response to an ACE inhibitor, by indicating which patients would benefit most from ACE inhibitors, by identifying novel etiologies of hypertension centered on alterations to the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, uric acid, and klotho, and by leading to novel treatments. Indeed, these have been questions of great interest during the COVID-19 pandemic, as ACE2 is the binding site for Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV-2. Ultimately, the results from this study will improve patient outcomes by promoting cardiovascular health and preventing cardiovascular disease across the lifecourse.

Details
Condition Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Nephropathy, Vascular Diseases, Proteinuria, Hypertension, Hyperuricemia, Albuminuria, Obesity, LEFT VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, Dysautonomia, Childhood Obesity, Renal Injury, Pediatric Kidney Disease, Pediatric Obesity, Vascular Stiffness, Abnormal Renal Function, Autonomic Dysfunction, Kidney Injury, Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction, Autonomic Imbalance, Kidney Dysfunction, Elevated Blood Pressure, Blood Pressure Disorders, Kidney Disease, Left Atrial Dilatation, Angiotensin Hypertension, obesity in children, renal disease, kidney diseases, kidney disorders, nephrologic disease, kidney disorder, disease, kidney, lv hypertrophy, high blood pressure, arterial hypertension, autonomic disorder, Sodium Urine High
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04752293
SponsorWake Forest University Health Sciences
Last Modified on3 June 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

CONTROL COHORT
-18 years of age at time of enrollment
Normal BP based on 3 prior office BP measurements on separate days
Age <13 years: BP <90th %ile or <120/80 mmHg (whichever is lower)
Age 13 years: BP <120/80 mmHg
Participants and their caregivers must be willing and able to commit to completing the study assessments

Exclusion Criteria

CONTROL COHORT
<7 or >18 years of age at time of enrollment
Elevated BP or hypertension, based on 3 prior office BP measurements on separate
days
Age <13 years: BP 90th %ile or 120/80 mmHg (whichever is lower)
Age 13 years: BP 120/80 mmHg
History of elevated BP or hypertension
Current use of BP-lowering medications
Confounding medical condition (heart or kidney disease, vascular/inflammatory disease, or diabetes)
Inability to complete study assessments
Non-English/Spanish speakers
Current pregnancy
Ward of the State
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note