Effect of Intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose on Hemoglobin Response and Transfusion in Patients With Iron Deficiency Anemia After Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    Yonsei University
Updated on 31 May 2021
bypass graft
off-pump coronary artery bypass

Summary

In this prospective open-label randomized tral, 100 patients with elective off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) or minimal invasive direct coronary bypass (MIDCAB) surgery were enrolled. Before surgery, if a patient had iron deficiency anemia, the patient was randomized to receive Ferinject(Ferric carboxymaltose, n=50) or placebo (normal saline, n=50), respectively. A single dose should not exceed 1000mg of iron per day or 20mg per kg body weight. In addition, the administration of 1000mg of iron should not exceed once a week. Administration to patients with hemodialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease is once daily, and the maximum dose should not exceed 200 mg (4 ml) of iron. Patients weighing less than 35 kg should not exceed 500 mg total iron dose. It uses intravenous infusion and can be administered up to 1,000mg (20ml) as the maximum iron once. For intravenous infusion, this drug is diluted with 0.9% sterile physiological saline solution.

Description

  • Perioperative blood loss and iatrogenic hemodilution lead to postoperative anemia which correlates with infections, and poor physical function, mobility and recovery with subsequent increases in the length of hospital stay and mortality. Preoperative anemia management reduce intraoperative blood loss such as normothermia, antifibrinolytics and cell salvage are key strategies to ameliorate postoperative anemia.
    • Patient screening method Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) under median-sternotomy, or minimal invasive direct coronary bypass (MIDCAB) undertaken under median-sternotomy Among them, the selection/exclusion criteria are checked and the subjects of the study are screened. Inclusion/ exclusion criteria *Inclusion:
    • Patients with Preoperative iron deficiency anemia Among Patients scheduled for cardiopulmonary coronary artery bypass graft under median sternotomy in cardiovascular surgery **Exclusion: - a) Patients who underwent iron correction treatment (oral, injection, blood transfusion) within 2 months prior to surgery b) Patients taking anticoagulants before surgery c) Patients taking and administering drugs that can cause bone marrow suppression, such as anticancer drugs, before surgery d) Patients with chronic liver disease and chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis e) Patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft for emergency surgery f) Patients with a history of hypersensitivity reactions and side effects to iron drugs g) Minor (under 20 years old) 3) Definition of iron deficiency anemia (if all criteria a to c in the following items are satisfied)
      1. Ferritin<300mcg/L
      2. Transferrin saturation<25%
      3. Hb<12.0g/dL for women or Hb<13.0g/dL for men * The primary goal of this study was the effect of intravenous administration of ferric carboxymaltose on postoperative hemoglobin levels in patients with preoperative iron deficiency anemia among patients requiring cardiopulmonary coronary artery bypass grafting due to coronary artery disease. It is to analyze the effect compared to the control.

Details
Condition Myocardial Ischemia, Cardiac Ischemia, Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary heart disease
Treatment Ferinject, Normal Saline Flush
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04898569
SponsorYonsei University
Last Modified on31 May 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

patients aged 19 years or older
undergoing elective OPCAB or MIDCAB surgery with multi-vessel coronary artery disease

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who underwent iron correction treatment (oral, injection, blood transfusion) within 2 months prior to surgery
Patients taking anticoagulants before surgery
Patients taking and administering drugs that can cause bone marrow suppression, such as anticancer drugs, before surgery
Patients with chronic liver disease and chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis
Patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft for emergency surgery
Patients with a history of hypersensitivity reactions and side effects to iron drugs
Minor (under 20 years old)
Definition of iron deficiency anemia (if all criteria a to c in the following items are satisfied)
Ferritin<300mcg/L
Transferrin saturation<25%
Hb<12.0g/dL for women or Hb<13.0g/dL for men
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