Budesonide/Formoterol Turbuhaler Versus Terbutaline Nebulization as Reliever Therapy in Children With Moderate Asthma Exacerbation

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    Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal Creteil
Updated on 15 September 2021


Combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting -agonists (LABAs) as the controller and the quick relief therapy termed single maintenance and reliever therapy (SMART) is a potential therapeutic regimen for the management of persistent asthma. A recent systematic review supports the combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and LABA as both the controller and quick relief therapy (SMART) among patients aged 12 years. In Emergency room (ER), Meta-analysis showed that using salbutamol (or albuterol) by meter doses inhaler (MDI) with a valved holding chamber (VHC) in children with moderate-severe acute asthma exacerbation was more effective, that is, fewer hospital admissions, more clinical improvement, and had fewer adverse effects (tremor and tachycardia) than salbutamol by nebulizer. Therefore, several international guidelines recommend the use of salbutamol by MDI rather than by nebulizer for moderate-severe asthma exacerbations. In children older than 8 years old, dry-powder inhaler (DPI), a device that delivers medication to the lungs in the form of a dry powder is currently used for maintenance and reliever therapy rather than MDI. In this context, we aim to assess the use of combined inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting -agonists (LABAs) as a quick relief therapy in children older than 8 years old presenting at the ER with moderate asthma exacerbation. Acute asthma patients who had severe exacerbation were excluded from this study (these patients receiving systematically continuous nebulized salbutamol and/or intravenous salbutamol upon their arrival)

Condition Childhood Asthma, Asthma in Children
Treatment Budesonide Formoterol Drug Combination, nebulisation of terbutaline
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04705727
SponsorCentre Hospitalier Intercommunal Creteil
Last Modified on15 September 2021


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Inclusion Criteria

Children 8-17 years
Children consulting to the ER with moderate asthma exacerbation (defined by the Pulmonary Score > 3 and 7)
Score for the inhalation technique = 3
French social security affiliation

Exclusion Criteria

Pulmonary and/or cardiac congenital malformations
Chronic pulmonary disease other than asthma (bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cystic fibrosis, or post infectious bronchiolitis obliterans)
Foreign body aspiration
Neurological alteration
Severe asthma exacerbation defined by Pulmonary Score > 7
Cardiopulmonary failure imminent or mechanical ventilation indication
Thyrotoxicosis, pheochromocytoma, type 2 diabetes, untreated hypokalemia, obstructive cardiomyopathy, idiopathic subvalvular aortic stenosis, severe hypertension, aneurysm or other serious cardiovascular disorders such as ischemic heart disease, tachyarrhythmias or severe heart failure
Breastfeeding woman
Ongoing participation in RIPH1 Intervention Research
History of intolerance to terbutaline
Hypersensitivity to the active ingredient or any excipients of terbutaline
Hypersensitivity (allergy) to budesonide, formoterol or any component of the product (lactose may contain milk proteins in small quantities)
Patient with an ongoing treatment of itraconazole, ritonavir or other potent CYP3A4 inhibitor, quinidine, disopyramide, procainamide, phenothiazines, antihistamines (terfenadine), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), beta-blockers (including eyedrops) and tricyclic antidepressants
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