POWER Myocardial Fatigue Study: a Biomechanical Assessment of Contractility of Human Myocardium (POWER)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 1, 2024
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust
Updated on 2 June 2022
heart surgery

Summary

To gain a comprehensive understanding of the biomechanical behaviour of human heart to explore the concept of myocardial fatigue in response to a temporal range of preload, afterload and drug-induced inotropy using in-vitro contractile assays.

Description

A continuum of pathological states from fatigue, injury to damage of the myocardium has been proposed which complements the continuous spectrum of HF and reconciles the seemingly disparate plethora of mechanisms behind the pathophysiology of HF. Unlike skeletal muscle where mechanical stress can be readily removed upon fatigue, an impaired left ventricle continues to receive preload from the right ventricle and cannot rest, maintaining cardiac output only at the expense of increasing filling pressures (as in HF with preserved ejection fraction). If concurrently faced with high afterload from vascular stiffness, ventricular-arterial decoupling occurs, driving mechanical inefficiency and diminishing cardiac output (as in HF with reduced ejection fraction). Chances of recovery is linked to the degree of fatigue, cardiomyocyte loss and replacement with non-contractile fibrosis. Assuming that the myocardium is in a state of chronic fatigue before reaching advanced stages of fibrosis, cases such as aortic stenosis or hypertensive heart disease may potentially be reversible if the pathological load is promptly removed.

This study will be re-synthesizing existing knowledge of the biomechanical behaviour of healthy and diseased cardiac myocytes and muscle in a new light of the theoretical constructs of myocardial fatigue, aligned with the existing energy-starvation theory. It will be a proof-of-concept study. Just as Frank-Starling's relationship between preload and cardiac output emerged from pre-clinical studies on muscle behaviour with subsequently major clinical implications, this study represents a necessary stepping stone to adding a new layer of insight into the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF).

Details
Condition Heart Failure, Fatigue; Muscle, Heart, Myocardial Dysfunction, Exhaustion; Heart
Treatment In-vitro contractile fatigue protocol
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04899635
SponsorUniversity Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust
Last Modified on2 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

All adult patients between 18 to 85-years old undergoing open-heart surgery who can undergo the consent process for the study
Healthy donor hearts that are deemed non-transplantable and consent received from a legal representative

Exclusion Criteria

This criterion is kept to a minimum since the availability of human myocardial samples is
finite and dependent on the limited number of patients undergoing cardiac surgery annually
within the local hospital
Patients who do not have the mental capacity to undergo the consent process
For the safety of researchers, patients with evidence of ongoing blood-borne
infections such as HIV, or a recent positive test for COVID-19 (within 10 days of last
PCR test)
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