Augmented Reality (AR): The Future of "Patient Information Leaflets

  • End date
    Mar 30, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Updated on 16 June 2021


This project aims to assess a new type of Augmented Reality Patient Information leaflet, in order to demonstrate that it is a beneficial information resource to patients when facing the diagnosis of sarcoma, breast cancer or to explain difficult concepts such as cleft lip repair. There are no published studies on the use of AR in patient leaflets.


At present, the traditional approach to patient education regarding diseases such as a new cancer diagnosis, is the patient information leaflet. Patient information leaflets often fail to convey the required medical information due to poor levels of literacy in the population, with 20% patients in the UK having the lowest level of adult literacy (equivalent to an individual who is unable to determine how much medicine to give a child from information printed on the package). "Health literacy" - the ability to obtain, understand, act on and communicate health information - is even lower, with estimates that 40% of patients have inadequate levels of health literacy. Additionally, there is a large knowledge gap between what doctors perceive patients understand about an illness, medication, or operation, and what patients actually comprehend and retain during consultation.

The plethora of problems of inadequate information, poor health literacy and patient-doctor knowledge disconnect, may be addressed with an approach to patient information leaflets using a platform that is entirely simulative and visual, thereby overcoming the problem of health literacy. The study builds upon pilot work by this research team on patient leaflets using AR to aid in patient education, visualisation and retention of information (Lo et al 2019).

Condition Connective and Soft Tissue Neoplasm, Flap, Breast Cancer, Sarcoma, Breast Cancer Diagnosis, Cleft Lip and Palate, breast carcinoma, sarcomas, soft tissue sarcomas, cancer, breast, cleft lip/palate
Treatment Augmented Reality, Traditional leaflet
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04619030
SponsorNHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Last Modified on16 June 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

patients who have undergone reconstructive surgery
patients who are awaiting reconstructive surgery
patients with sarcoma
patients with breast cancer
patients with reconstructive flaps
patients with or parents of patients with cleft lip and palate
Patients with dyslexia will be included

Exclusion Criteria

Cannot speak or read English
Blind/severely visually impaired
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