Ambroxol in New and Early DLB, A Phase IIa Multicentre Randomized Controlled Double Blind Clinical Trial (ANeED)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    172
  • sponsor
    Helse Fonna
Updated on 25 January 2022
cognitive impairment
follicle stimulating hormone
dementia
mini-mental state examination
mild cognitive impairment

Summary

This is a confirmatory investigational medicinal product (IMP) study to investigate the effects on cognition, functional decline and on neuropsychiatric symptoms of the Glucocerebrosidase (GCase) enhancing chaperone ambroxol in participants diagnosed with prodromal and early dementia with Lewybodies (DLB).

Description

Participants will be recruited through established network of Norwegian Memory Clinics. Patients will be randomised to ambroxol with proven effect on the lysosomal and glucocerebrosidase pathology in DLB or placebo. The randomization will be stratified based on APOE e4 and on the concentration of A-beta in CSF. The frequency of GBA genotypes in the active treatment and placebo groups will be calculated at study end. The blinded phase will last for 18 months and an open extension with ambroxol will be offered to all participants for one additional year. The primary outcomes will be cognition, global function, disease stage, progression, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Secondary outcomes will be on sleep disturbances, falls, fluctuations and parkinsonism, and exploratory outcomes will be impact on the potential biomarkers for drug effects defined as qEEG, DaTSCAN, MRI and -synuclein in CSF. One hundred seventy-two participants will be recruited in total. Each participant will orally self-administer or administer by a caregiver ambroxol or placebo at 5 intra-participant dose escalations at 60 mg TID (day 1-7), 120 mg TID (day 8- 14), 315 BID (day 15-21), 315 mg TID (day 22-28) and 420 mg TID (day 29-550)).Participants will be subjected to clinical and laboratory assessments to assess the safety, tolerability effects of ambroxol on blood biomarkers and MRI, DaTSCAN, ECG, EEG and lumbar puncture. Each participant will undergo 8 hospital visits and 16 telephone visits for the blinded phase of the study during the first 18 months. Hospital visits will additionally include 1 or 2 screening appointments within 60 days of Day 1 hospital visit (at which participants will receive the first dose of ambroxol), followed by visits at week 4, week 8, week 24, week 36, week 52, month 15 and month 18. Participants will receive a telephone call 3 days after lumbar puncture to record any complaints. Participants will receive 16 telephone calls to record any drug related adverse events in between hospital visits, between 1-3 days before and after each dose escalation (day 1, 8, 15, 22 and 29, week 12,16, 20, 28, 32, 40, 44, 48 and month 13, 14, 16 and 17). All participants will be offered treatment with the IMP for 12 additional months from month 18 - month 30.

Details
Condition Dementia With Lewy Bodies
Treatment Placebo, Ambroxol
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04588285
SponsorHelse Fonna
Last Modified on25 January 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male or female
Age 50 and 85 years of age
Confirmed diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) or Mild Cognitive Impairment in DLB (DLB-MCI)
MMSE score>=15
Able and willing to provide informed consent prior to any study related assessments and procedures at screening visit 1
Capable of complying with all study procedures
Willing to provide blood samples for genetic analyses of APOE and GBA
Willing and able to self-administer or administer by a caregiver oral ambroxol medication, from day 1 to study end (at 60 mg TID (day 1-7), 120 mg TID (day 8- 14), 315 BID (day 15-21), 315 mg TID (day 22-28) and 420 mg TID (day 29-550))
Able to travel to the participating study site
A female participant is eligible to participate if she is of
Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented
tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 consecutive
months of spontaneous amenorrhea, at least 6 weeks post-surgical bilateral
oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or post tubal ligation. In
questionable cases, menopausal status will be confirmed by demonstrating
levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) 25.8 - 134.8 IU/L and oestradiol
< 201 pmol/l at entry
Women of child-bearing potential must use accepted contraceptive methods
(listed below), and must have a negative serum at screening visit 1 and urine
pregnancy tests at subsequent visits if applicable. An additional pregnancy
test will be performed, and results obtained, prior to administration of the
first dose of ambroxol
\. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is of
Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented
tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 consecutive
months of spontaneous amenorrhea, at least 6 weeks post-surgical bilateral
oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or post tubal ligation. In
questionable cases, menopausal status will be confirmed by demonstrating
levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) 25.8 - 134.8 IU/L and oestradiol
< 201 pmol/l at entry
Women of child-bearing potential must use accepted contraceptive methods
(listed below), and must have a negative serum at screening visit 1 and urine
pregnancy tests at subsequent visits if applicable. An additional pregnancy
test will be performed, and results obtained, prior to administration of the
first dose of ambroxol

Exclusion Criteria

Current treatment with anticoagulants (e.g. warfarin) that might preclude safe completion in the opinion of the Investigator
Current use of investigational medicinal product or participation in another interventional clinical trial or who have done so within 30 days prior to the first dose in the current study
Exposure to more than three investigational medicinal products within 12 months prior to the first dose in the current study
Confirmed dysphagia that would preclude self-administration of ambroxol up to 6 tablets daily for the duration of day 1 to day 550/Month 18
Significant known lower spinal malformations or other spinal abnormalities that would preclude lumbar puncture
History of known sensitivity to the study medication, ambroxol or its excipients (lactose monohydrate, granulated microcrystalline cellulose, copovidone and magnesium stearate) in the opinion of the investigator that contraindicates their participation
History of known rare hereditary disorders of galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption
History of illegal substance abuse, drug abuse or alcoholism in the opinion of the Investigator that would preclude participation in the study
Donation of blood (one unit or 350 ml) within three months prior to receiving the first dose of the study drug
Pregnant or breastfeeding; All participants of child bearing potential in the opinion of the Investigator that would preclude participation in the study and who do not agree to use double-barrier birth control or abstinence while participating in the study and for two weeks following the last dose of study drug
Any clinically significant or unstable psychiatric, medical or surgical condition that in the opinion of the PI or PI-delegated clinician may put the participant at risk when participating in the study or may influence the results of the study or affect the participant's ability to take part in the study, as determined by medical history, physical examinations, electrocardiogram (ECG), or laboratory tests
Such conditions may include
Impaired renal function
Moderate/Severe hepatic impairment
A major cardiovascular event (e.g. myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, decompensated congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, coronary revascularisation that occurred within 6 months prior to the screening visit
Major depression, delirium or psychosis not related to DLB
Metastatic cancer or terminal illness
Planned major surgery or other major treatments during study period that will interfere with study-obligations
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